IMO Convention on Ship –Your competitive edge Take the lead through innovation IMO Convention on...

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Transcript of IMO Convention on Ship –Your competitive edge Take the lead through innovation IMO Convention on...

  • GL Your competitive edgeTake the lead through innovation

    IMO Convention on Ship RecyclingShip Recycling for Ship Owners

    Dieser Platz ist fr Ihr Bild vorgesehen

    Know what's inside your ship!

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 2

    Recycling today

    Recycling Activities

    little recycling activities in recent years: many ships are overdue

    in 2009: 1253 ships recycled

    rising sharply

    recycling facilities operating close to their max. capacity

    14% of world merchant fleet > 25 years

    Main decision driver

    Freight rates (income)

    repair & operating costs

    (expenses)

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    19

    80

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    00

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    02

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    20

    08

    mGT

    Bulker Tanker

    Container Other

    Scrapping activity 1980 - 2009

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 3

    Recycling today

    Recycling demand keeps rising

    little demand for transportation

    lots of new ships delivered

    already many ships in lay up and overdue

    MARPOL :Single Hull Tanker Phase out (2010, latest 2015)

    SOLAS: Phase out of Classic Cruise Liners October 2010

    Container outlook 2010*:

    idle container fleet = 1.44 MTEU

    expected to remain until 2013

    new deliveries: 1.54MTEU

    scrapping: 250.000 TEU

    * ShipGaz, 2010-01-20

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 4

    Recycling today

    Hellenic Shipping News (2010-02-03):

    Ship Scrapping Activity to double in 2010 says Clarkson

    > 60 mio GT in 2010

    ~ 30 mio GT in 2009 (N. Cotzias: 34,6 mio GT)

    age: 29 years

    price: 270 US$ / LDT

    1812 new ships to be delivered in 2010 (2009 = 593)

    * Lloyds List 2010-02-12

    Country Ships Prices

    India 473 + 43%

    China 271 (440*) + 43%

    Bangladesh 211 + 38%

    Turkey 105 ?

    Pakistan ? + 29%

    recycling gets

    more attractive

    & frequent!

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 5

    Recycling today: Confusion

    Lessons learned

    Blue Lady - ex Norway (Asbestos, PCB), Germany - Bangladesh -

    India

    Margaret Hill (improper notification of recycling intention to

    administration) detained in UK, sold for further trading after many weeks

    plus many more.......

    Reason

    No clear legal instrument in place

    No documentation on hazardous materials

    No cautious selection of Recycling Facility

    Public pressure (blame & shame)

    Solution

    comply with future IMO requirements

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 6

    Adopted by Diplomatic Conference in Hong Kong, May 2009

    Hong Kong Convention

    Has not entered into force yet

    The only international ship recycling specific legislation

    Applicable to:

    all new and existing ships > 500GT

    ship recycling facilities

    Key issues:

    Inventory of Hazardous Materials

    Authorization of Ship Recycling Facilities

    Recycling today: International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound

    Recycling of Ships

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 7

    Compliance with IMO requirements Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM)

    Documentation of hazardous materials onboard ships

    Different approach for new and existing ships

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 8

    Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM)Table A: Hazardous Materials (mandatory for all ships)

    Part I Part II Part III

    A-1 x no threshold level

    A-2 x no threshold level

    CFCs x

    Halons x

    Other fully halogenated CFCs x

    Carbon Tetrachloride x

    1,1,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) x

    Hydrochlorofluorocarbons x

    Hydrobromofluorocarbons x

    Methyl bromide x

    Bromochloromethane x

    x

    Ozone Depleting

    Substances

    A-4

    Anti-fouling systems

    containing organotin

    compounds as a biocide

    2500 mg total

    tin/kg

    no threshold level

    Threshold levelNo. MaterialsInventory

    TABLE A* Materials Listed in Appendix 1 of the Convention

    Asbestos

    A-3

    Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 9

    Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM)Table B: Hazardous Materials (mandatory for new ships and new installations, voluntary for existing ships)

    Part I Part II Part III

    B-1 x 100 mg/kg

    B-2 x 1 g/kg

    B-3 x 1 g/kg

    B-4 x 1 g/kg

    B-5 x 1 g/kg

    B-6 x 1 g/kg

    B-7 x no threshold level

    B-8 x no threshold level

    B-9 x 10g/kgCertain Shortchain Chlorinated Paraffins (Alkanes, C10-C13, chloro)

    * For materials in this Table with no threshold level, quantities occuring as unintentional trace contaminants should not be listed in

    Material Declarations and in the Inventory

    Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds

    Mercury and Mercury Compounds

    Lead and Lead Compounds

    Hexavalent Chromium and Hexavalent Chromium Compounds

    Polychlorinated Naphthalenes (more than 3 chlorine atoms)

    Polybrominated Biphenyl (PBBs)

    Threshold levelInventory

    TABLE B* Materials Listed in Appendix 2 of the Convention

    Materials

    Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)

    Radioactive Substances

    No.

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 10

    Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM)Table D: Exceptions (to be listed in IHM Part III)

    Part I Part II Part III

    D-1

    Computers, refrigerators, printers, scanners,

    television sets, radio sets, video cameras, video

    recorders, telephones, consumer batteries,

    fluorescent lamps, filament bulbs, lamps

    x

    Domestic and

    accommodation

    appliances

    Properties

    TABLE D Regular consumable goods potentially containing Hazardous Materials

    No.Inventory

    This Table does not include ship specific equipment integral to ship operations, which has to be listed in Part 1 of the Inventory

    Example

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 11

    Compliance with IMO requirements Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) for New Ships

    Preparation of IHM by the shipyard

    IHM is based on information delivered by suppliers

    Supplier provides for each product / material

    Suppliers Declaration of Conformity (SDoC)

    Material Declaration (MD)

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 12

    Compliance with IMO requirements Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) for Existing Ships

    Shipowner

    Responsible for IHM preparation for FiS

    Shall involve Hazardous Material Expert (HazMat Expert)

    prepares IHMs on behalf of shipowner

    Nominates a Designated Person for IHM Maintenance

    Shall only make use of authorized ship recycling facilities and cooperate

    Flag State / RO:

    Certification of IHM Part I (every 5 years)

    Port State Control / Flag State / RO

    Control of IHM Part I

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 13

    No. 13

    Compliance with IMO requirements Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) for Existing Ships

    of IHMs for FiS:

    requires uniform sampling and analyses methods

    requires consideration of only relevant HazMats

    prevents conflicts with ship recyclers

    requires expertise

    HazMat Expert

    knowledge and experience key for quality of IHM

    GL Academy offers training and approval for

    persons with maritime / HazMat knowledge

    Certification = open to class

    Expert Demand for GL-FIS, global distribution

    7 9 9 8

    17 14 14 11 10

    1215 15 14

    29

    24 24

    2018

    6

    5 5

    44

    33

    55

    333

    112

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    2017

    2018

    2019

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    No

    . o

    f H

    azM

    at

    Ex

    pe

    rts

    No. of Experts Americas

    No. of Experts Asia

    No. of Experts Europe

    Green Passport

    A.962(23)

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 14

    Compliance with IMO requirements Preparations for recycling by shipowner

    Preparation of IHM Prior to Final Voyage

    Completion of IHM (Part I, II and III)

    Minimize the amount of cargo residues/remaining wastes/fuel oil

    Selection of Ship Recycling Facility (SRF)

    Authorized & capable to deal with the materials onboard the ship

    Ship Recycling Plan (SRP)

    prepared by Ship Recycling Facility in cooperation with ship owner

    IHM is source of information for SRP

    International Ready for Recycling Certificate (IRRC)

    in future: to be issued by flag state prior to delivery of ship

  • Ship Recycling for Shipowners | | No. 15

    Planning ahead: When to prepare? Industry - today

    Globally ~ 50.000 existing ships will fall under the Convention

    5 years for compliance after entry into force of Convention

    Many IHMs are under preparation already today (NB & FiS)

    for which GL is ordered to certify

    IHM-demand is sharply rising

    decisions towards recycling more frequently

    forward looking shipowners start to prepare today

    * picture source from: www.panoramio.com/photos/original/3183818.