IEBC Presentation Connected Kenya 2012

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    Elections and Technology: CitizenInclusion, Investment andOpportunities

    Dismas Ongondi

    Independent Electoral andBoundaries Commission

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    Background

    IREC (Kriegler Commission) Findings

    The voter register was materially defective and

    probably included the names of over 1.2Mdeceased persons

    There were serious delays in tallying, recording,transcribing and transmission of results whichcontributed to the explosive political climate

    Electoral Commission replaced with two InterimCommissions: IIEC and IEBC

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    The Constitution of Kenya, 2010

    Chapter 6- Leadership and Integrity

    Chapter 7- Representation of the people Part 1: Electoral System and Process

    Part 2: IEBC and Delimitation, Articles 88-90.

    Part 3: Political Parties

    Various Acts and Bills

    IEBC Act, Elections Act, Political Parties Act

    Finance Campaign Bill

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    LEGALFRAMEWORK

    PLANNING &IMPLEMENTATION

    TRAINING &EDUCATION

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    ELECTORALCAMPAIGN

    VOTINGOPERATIONS &ELECTION DAY

    VERIFICATION

    OF RESULTS

    POSTELECTION

    THEELECTORAL

    CYCLE

    CONSTITUTION

    LEGISLATION

    ELECTORALBODIES

    ELECTION CALENDAR

    BUDGETING,FUNDING &FINANCING

    RECRUITMENT &PROCUREMENT

    LOGISTICS &SECURITY

    OPERATIONALTRAINING FORELECTIONOFFICIALS

    CIVIC EDUCATION

    PARTIES &CANDIDATES

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    OBSERVERACCREDITATION

    CAMPAIGNCOORDINATION

    PARTYFINANCING

    MEDIAACCESS

    BREACHES &PENALTIES

    VOTING

    VOTECOUNTING

    SPECIAL &

    EXTERNALVOTING

    TABULATION

    OF RESULTS

    COMPLAINTS &APPEALS

    OFFICIALRESULTS

    LEGAL REFORM

    AUDITS &EVALUATIONS

    INSTITUTIONALSTRENGTHENING &

    PROFESSIONALDEVELOPMENT

    ARCHIVING &RESEARCH

    VOTERS LISTS

    UPDATECODES OFCONDUCT

    VOTER

    INFORMATION

    CODES OFCONDUCT

    Elections and Technology

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    LEGALFRAMEWORK

    PLANNING &IMPLEMENTATION

    TRAINING &EDUCATION

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    ELECTORALCAMPAIGN

    VOTINGOPERATIONS &ELECTION DAY

    VERIFICATION

    OF RESULTS

    POSTELECTION

    THEELECTORAL

    CYCLE

    CONSTITUTION

    LEGISLATION

    ELECTORALBODIES

    ELECTION CALENDAR

    BUDGETING,FUNDING &FINANCING

    RECRUITMENT &PROCUREMENT

    LOGISTICS &SECURITY

    OPERATIONALTRAINING FORELECTIONOFFICIALS

    CIVIC EDUCATION

    PARTIES &CANDIDATES

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    OBSERVERACCREDITATION

    CAMPAIGNCOORDINATION

    PARTYFINANCING

    MEDIAACCESS

    BREACHES &PENALTIES

    VOTING

    VOTECOUNTING

    SPECIAL &

    EXTERNALVOTING

    TABULATION

    OF RESULTS

    COMPLAINTS &APPEALS

    OFFICIALRESULTS

    LEGAL REFORM

    AUDITS &EVALUATIONS

    INSTITUTIONALSTRENGTHENING &

    PROFESSIONALDEVELOPMENT

    ARCHIVING &RESEARCH

    VOTERS LISTS

    UPDATECODES OFCONDUCT

    VOTER

    INFORMATION

    CODES OFCONDUCT

    Elections and Technology1. Pre-election

    Integrated systems for internaloperations

    GIS for delimitation, security andvulnerability mappings.

    Social media for voter education Election calendars Accreditation of observers, agents,

    reporters, etc. E-learning systems???

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    LEGALFRAMEWORK

    PLANNING &IMPLEMENTATION

    TRAINING &EDUCATION

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    ELECTORALCAMPAIGN

    VOTINGOPERATIONS &ELECTION DAY

    VERIFICATION

    OF RESULTS

    POSTELECTION

    THEELECTORAL

    CYCLE

    CONSTITUTION

    LEGISLATION

    ELECTORALBODIES

    ELECTION CALENDAR

    BUDGETING,FUNDING &FINANCING

    RECRUITMENT &PROCUREMENT

    LOGISTICS &SECURITY

    OPERATIONALTRAINING FORELECTIONOFFICIALS

    CIVIC EDUCATION

    PARTIES &CANDIDATES

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    OBSERVERACCREDITATION

    CAMPAIGNCOORDINATION

    PARTYFINANCING

    MEDIAACCESS

    BREACHES &PENALTIES

    VOTING

    VOTECOUNTING

    SPECIAL &

    EXTERNALVOTING

    TABULATION

    OF RESULTS

    COMPLAINTS &APPEALS

    OFFICIALRESULTS

    LEGAL REFORM

    AUDITS &EVALUATIONS

    INSTITUTIONALSTRENGTHENING &

    PROFESSIONALDEVELOPMENT

    ARCHIVING &RESEARCH

    VOTERS LISTS

    UPDATECODES OFCONDUCT

    VOTER

    INFORMATION

    CODES OFCONDUCT

    High-tech VR systems (BVR) Registration of citizens residing

    outside the country GIS for electoral planning and

    navigation Candidates Nominations

    Elections and Technology1. Campaign

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    LEGALFRAMEWORK

    PLANNING &IMPLEMENTATION

    TRAINING &EDUCATION

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    ELECTORALCAMPAIGN

    VOTINGOPERATIONS &ELECTION DAY

    VERIFICATION

    OF RESULTS

    POSTELECTION

    THEELECTORAL

    CYCLE

    CONSTITUTION

    LEGISLATION

    ELECTORALBODIES

    ELECTION CALENDAR

    BUDGETING,FUNDING &FINANCING

    RECRUITMENT &PROCUREMENT

    LOGISTICS &SECURITY

    OPERATIONALTRAINING FORELECTIONOFFICIALS

    CIVIC EDUCATION

    PARTIES &CANDIDATES

    VOTERREGISTRATION

    OBSERVERACCREDITATION

    CAMPAIGNCOORDINATION

    PARTYFINANCING

    MEDIAACCESS

    BREACHES &PENALTIES

    VOTING

    VOTECOUNTING

    SPECIAL &

    EXTERNALVOTING

    TABULATION

    OF RESULTS

    COMPLAINTS &APPEALS

    OFFICIALRESULTS

    LEGAL REFORM

    AUDITS &EVALUATIONS

    INSTITUTIONALSTRENGTHENING &

    PROFESSIONALDEVELOPMENT

    ARCHIVING &RESEARCH

    VOTERS LISTS

    UPDATECODES OFCONDUCT

    VOTER

    INFORMATION

    CODES OFCONDUCT

    Elections and Technology Electronic Voter Identification System Election Watch observations,

    progress monitoring, incidentreporting.

    Collection, Tabulation andTransmission of results

    External Voting Results preservation and retrieval.

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    The Electoral Process: Legal

    Framework

    Elections Act, 2011

    A10: No voters cards required A 22-A34:Nominations and Elections

    A40: Voter Education

    Accreditation: Observers, Agents, Reporters, etc

    A 44: Use of appropriate technology in theelectoral process

    Political Parties Act, 2011

    Registration of Political Parties

    Funding and Accounts of Political Parties

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    Benefits to real people

    Election nights havebeen robed of their oldglamour and palpabletension Lukoye Atwoli

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    Opportunities

    Falling costs of technology

    Techno-savvy population

    Existing public goodwill and trust

    Supportive legal framework Permanent and Independent Commission Use of appropriate technology in elections

    Diaspora registration and voting

    Integration of ICT for internal operations

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    Challenges

    Expanded scope of elections

    Inadequate infrastructure Lack of focus on synergies

    Network interconnectivity

    Cost of high-tech and sustainability Political, logistical, security issues, etc

    Insufficient national ownership

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    Growth Areas

    Promotion of local enterprises

    cybercafes, developers, mobileapplications, network providers, etc

    (SMS)

    Contribution to peace and development

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    Coping with expanded scope

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    It is enough that the peopleknow there was an election.The people who cast the votesdecide nothing. The people

    who count the votes decideeverything. Joseph Stalin

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    Thank You!

    It is enough that the people know there willbe an election. The people who cast thevotes will decide everything. Every votecounts! IEBC