IDENTIFYING BUSINESS STUDENTS’ LEADERSHIP STYLES 238059/... attributed to organizations...

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Transcript of IDENTIFYING BUSINESS STUDENTS’ LEADERSHIP STYLES 238059/... attributed to organizations...

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    Business of Economics and Engineering, Field: International Marketing

    IDENTIFYING BUSINESS

    STUDENTS’ LEADERSHIP STYLES

    International Marketing D-level dissertation 24th of May 2007

    Authors: Agnieszka Borowa Hani S. Darwish

    Supervisor: Gabriel Awuah

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    CHAPTER ONE............................................................................................................... 4 1. Introduction ................................................................................................................... 6

    1.1 Background ................................................................................................................. 6 1.2 Research problem ........................................................................................................ 7 1.3 Purpose of the study .................................................................................................... 8 1.4 Scope and limitations................................................................................................... 8

    CHAPTER TWO............................................................................................................ 11 2. Frame of references ................................................................................................... 11

    2.1 Historical views on leadership ............................................................................... 11 2.3 Components of leadership.......................................................................................... 14

    2.3.1 The Leader.......................................................................................................... 15 2.3.2 The Follower ...................................................................................................... 16 2.3.3 The Situation ...................................................................................................... 16

    2.4 Specific theories of leadership styles..................................................................... 17 2.4.1 Managerial Grid incorporated with Situational Theory........................................ 17 2.4.2 Situational Leadership variable ........................................................................... 20

    CHAPTER THREE........................................................................................................ 23 3. Methodology................................................................................................................ 23

    3.1 Research strategy....................................................................................................... 23 3.2 Research method ....................................................................................................... 23 3.3 Data collection........................................................................................................... 24 3.4 Validity and reliability ............................................................................................... 26

    CHAPTER FOUR .......................................................................................................... 28 4. Empirical results......................................................................................................... 28

    4.1 Primary data .............................................................................................................. 28 4.1.1 Students’ work preferences ................................................................................. 28 4.1.2 Students’ concerns .............................................................................................. 30 4.1.3 Identified business students’ leadership style ...................................................... 33

    CHAPTER FIVE ............................................................................................................ 39 5. Analysis........................................................................................................................ 39

    5.1 Students’ work preferences ........................................................................................ 39 5.2 Students’ concerns..................................................................................................... 40 5.3 Identified business students’ leadership style ............................................................. 41

    CHAPTER SIX............................................................................................................... 44 6. Conclusions ................................................................................................................. 44

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    List of References:.......................................................................................................... 47 Articles.....................................................................................................................................45 Internet sources......................................................................................................................46 List of Figures.........................................................................................................................47 List of Tables..........................................................................................................................47

    Appendix 1 - Original Questioner

    Appendix 2 - The Questionnaire

    Appendix 3 - Scoring Section

    Appendix 4 - Sample Matrix

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    Abstract

    The fact is, no organization has ever become great without exceptional leadership -

    without leaders who can connect the efforts of their teams to the critical objectives of the

    organization, who can tap the full potential of each individual on their teams, who can align

    systems and clarify purposes, and who can inspire trust. The purpose of the study is to

    investigate and compare what management styles business students from Halmstad

    University, Sweden, will implement. Moreover, this study shows future leaders work

    preferences and concerns. As a tool for the findings the managerial grid (founded in 1964 by

    Blake and Mounton) was incorporated with situational theory (Hersey and Blanchard, 1977).

    The investigation was conducted applying a theoretical framework to empirical data. By

    analysing leadership styles and students work preferences, it illustrates the kind of leader a

    business student will potentially become and which direction he/she may take. Overall, the

    average of 130 business students from Halmstad University shows that they are going to be a

    Team Leader, because for them the people’s needs as well as the results of their work are

    important.

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    Acknowledgements

    This D-level dissertation was written at Halmstad University as a part of International

    Marketing Master Program in the spring semester 2007. The group consisted of two

    members: Agnieszka Borowa from Poland and Hani Darwish from USA. Together we

    worked as a dynamic team and at the same time as individuals, to investigate the future

    leaders at Halmstad University leadership styles development. We would like to thank our

    supervisor Gabriel Awuah who gave us guidance and support. Also, we would like to thank

    all business students who filled out the questionnaires which helped us gather information

    about students’ preferences and enabled us to achieve the purpose of this master’s thesis. In

    retrospect, we would like to thank each other for the time and effort; it was a great lesson and

    experience that will never be forgotten.

    _______________ ______________

    Agnieszka Borowa Hani S. Darwish

    Halmstad, 24th of May 2007

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    CHAPTER ONE

    1. Introduction

    In this chapter, a short background of the dissertation is described and an overview of the

    research problem. It also discusses the main purpose of searching for problems which need

    to be solved. Furthermore, it explains why the subject was chosen and shows the limitations.

    At the end of the chapter, an outline of the whole thesis is given.

    1.1 Background

    In recent years, the propagation of globalization can be attributed to several growing

    factors such as the advancements in new technologies which have enabled global

    communication to be more feasible and accessible, the increase in economic stability in

    several less developed nations such as India, and the developments in transportation which

    have made travelling more efficient. This has created numerous opportunities for firms from

    the addition of new markets to improved access of resources to a more comprehensive

    understanding of customers from the exposure of various cultures (http://northonline.sccd.ctc.

    edu/ssimes/rebeccafisk.html).

    Though extremely beneficial for organizational success, the introduction of these new

    opportunities has made operation more complex and has created several barriers. This may be

    attributed to organizations expanding too rapidly abroad, entering completely new markets

    without a more thorough understanding, and not properly rewarding workers with respect to

    their traits and cultural values. Whatever the case maybe, this leads companies to integrate

    cost-cutting measures such as down-sizing the work force, redu