Hylluppställning på svenska högskole- och specialbibliotek ... 532427/FULLTEXT01.pdf...

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  • Man måste ställa upp Hylluppställning på svenska högskole- och specialbibliotek

    som klassificerar i DDC

    Einar Ehn

    Institutionen för ABM Uppsatser inom biblioteks- & informationsvetenskap ISSN 1650-4267 Masteruppsats, 30 högskolepoäng, 2012, nr 564

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    Författare/Author Einar Ehn

    Svensk titel Man måste ställa upp Hylluppställning på svenska högskole- och specialbibliotek som klassificerar i DDC

    English Title Shelving Dewey Shelving strategies among Swedish university and special libraries using the DDC

    Handledare/Supervisor Peter Sjökvist

    Abstract The aim of this master's thesis is to examine how shelving is organized among Swedish libraries that have switched from the Swedish classification system SAB to using the DDC, and what problems arise in this process. The method used is interviewing librarians at Swedish university and special libraries.

    The Swedish national library announced their swap to the DDC in 2008, and several libraries followed suit. The reported advantages with a switch were mainly that using an international classification system meant that Swedish libraries would no longer have to undertake a time consuming classification work, since most of the foreign literature already is Dewey classified. Disadvantages were that the DDC is not adapted to Swedish cir- cumstances. Research on open shelving show that obtaining a browsable book collection requires a broad shelf classification. If libraries motivate their shelving solution by wanting browsable collections, efforts will be made to keep shelf classification broad enough. Certain categories have by tradition been shelved separately in Swedish libraries, and this study seeks to find out if a classification shift changes this custom, and if so, whether or not this is only attributable to the change of classification.

    Findings show that libraries motivated their swapping of classification mostly by the perceived flaws of the SAB system, and not by the promise of saving time, nor by the benefits of the DDC system. Most librarians seemed to lack sufficient knowledge of the DDC, which may be a reason why librarians claimed that the work- load necessary to re-shelve the stock was the biggest drawback with switching to the DDC. Most libraries desired browsable shelves, and therefore used shelf lists to better be able to adapt the classification system to the stock. The custom of shelving certain categories separately survived the classification swap for some categories, but not for others. In the latter case this can be ascribed to a dwindling use of these specific categories by the patrons.

    Ämnesord Dewey decimalklassifikation, SAB-systemet, hylluppställning, browsing

    Key words Classification, Dewey Decimal, SAB classification, Library shelving, Browsing

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    Innehållsförteckning

    Inledning .............................................................................................. 7 Definitioner och förkortningar .............................................................................9 Bakgrund och tidigare forskning........................................................................10

    Bakgrund................................................................................................................... 10 Tidigare forskning .................................................................................................... 12

    Syfte och frågeställning......................................................................................13

    Teoretisk referensram....................................................................... 16 Kunskapsorganisation ........................................................................................16 Klassifikation .....................................................................................................17

    Bibliografisk klassifikation....................................................................................... 17 Begreppshierarkier.................................................................................................... 18 Browsing................................................................................................................... 18

    SAB....................................................................................................................20 Historia ..................................................................................................................... 20 Underhåll .................................................................................................................. 21 Notation .................................................................................................................... 21 Ämnesord.................................................................................................................. 22 Målgrupp och utbredning ......................................................................................... 22

    DDC ...................................................................................................................22 Historia ..................................................................................................................... 22 Underhåll .................................................................................................................. 23 Notation .................................................................................................................... 24 Ämnesord.................................................................................................................. 24 Målgrupp och utbredning ......................................................................................... 24

    Skillnader och likheter mellan SAB och DDC ..................................................24 Underhåll .................................................................................................................. 24 Notation .................................................................................................................... 25 Avdelningar .............................................................................................................. 27 Ämnesord.................................................................................................................. 29 Målgrupp och utbredning ......................................................................................... 29

    Hylluppställningsprinciper .................................................................................30 Hylluppställning enligt SAB (eller klassifikation som ej är DDC) .......................... 30 Hylluppställning enligt DDC.................................................................................... 30 Bruten hylluppställning ............................................................................................ 31 Blandad uppställning ................................................................................................ 31 Numerus currens....................................................................................................... 31 Klartext ..................................................................................................................... 31 Avdelningar särplacerade från ordinarie samlingar.................................................. 32

    Argument för och emot en övergång till DDC...................................................34

    Källmaterial och metod .................................................................... 36

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    Källmaterial........................................................................................................36 Metod .................................................................................................................37

    Redovisning och analys av empiriskt material .............................. 40 Biblioteken .........................................................................................................41

    Ájttes bibliotek ......................................................................................................... 41 Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek ........................................................................ 41 Biblioteket vid Högskolan i Gävle............................................................................ 41 Biblioteket vid Högskolan i Skövde ......................................................................... 41 Biblioteket vid Högskolan i Väst.............................................................................. 42 Blekinge Tekniska Högskolas bibliotek ................................................................... 42 BMC-biblioteket ....................................................................................................... 42 Ekonomikums bibliotek............................................................................................ 42 Geo- och Biobiblioteken........................................................................................... 43 Högskolan i Borås, Bibliotek och läranderesurser (BLR)........................................ 43 Karin Boye-biblioteket ............................................................................................. 43 Linköpings universitetsbibliotek .............................................................................. 43 Linnéuniversitetets bibliotek .................................................................................... 44 HT-biblioteken vid Lunds universitet...............................