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  • HUNGER IN POTTAWATOMIE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA: AN AARP SURVEY OF OKLAHOMA ADULTS

    MAY 2015

    Copyright© 2015 AAR P AAR P R esearch 601 ES treetN W W ashington,DC 20049 w w w .aarp.org/research R eprintingw ithP erm ission

    http://research.aarp.org/

  • Hunger in Pottawatomie County Oklahoma: AARP Survey of Adults Age 18+ 1

    BACKGROUND Nearly 50 million Americans (children and adults) are food insecure or at risk for hunger – facing the uncertainty of having enough food because of insufficient money or other resources to buy food.1,2 And in 2011, nearly 9 million Americans age 60 and older were at risk for hunger.3 Among states, Oklahoma ranks among the top five in the number of people who are hungry or food insecure – 653,820 or 17.2 percent of the population. This includes one in four children and one in sixteen seniors ages 60 and older living in Oklahoma4,5 In Pottawatomie county, 15.7 percent or one in seven residents are food insecure.6

    In their continued efforts to be an advocate and resource for all, in particular those ages 50 and older, AARP in Oklahoma commissioned this survey to gauge Pottawatomie county residents’ experience with hunger and their opinions about state support for food banks. This random digit dial and cell phone survey among 900 adults age 18 and older residing in Pottawatomie County shows most (80%) think the state government, local community organizations, and individuals should work to reduce the number of families at risk for hunger in the state.

    FULL METHODOLOGY The AARP 2014 Oklahoma Hunger Survey was conducted as a telephone survey targeted to Oklahoma adults age 18 and older living in Pottawatomie county. The questionnaire was developed by AARP staff and averaged 17 minutes in length. The interviews were conducted in English by Precision Opinion from November 25th to December 13th, 2014. The margin of sampling error for 900 completed interviews is ± 3.27%. The margin of sampling error for 604 interviews completed by Pottawatomie county residents is ± 4.0%.

    The sample utilized on this project was RDD landline and Enhanced Wireless cell phone records. RDD sample was pulled with virtual Genesys system from Marketing Systems Group (MSG), and the Enhanced Wireless sample was obtained from Scientific Telephone Samples.

    AARP in Oklahoma targeted Pottawatomie County where 55 percent of the population is below threshold of 130% poverty and about one in six is food insecure.7 The data were weighted by age and gender to reflect the population of residents in Pottawatomie County. A separate weighting scheme was also used for full statewide sample. Age and income differences are reported where author felt most relevant to overall findings. Please contact Jennifer Sauer at 202-434-6207 for additional information on the weighting, data analysis, survey design, or the Pottawatomie County survey data.

    The response rate for this study was measured using the American Association for Public Opinion Research’s (AAPOR) response rate 3 method. The cooperation rate was measured using AAPOR’s cooperation rate 3 method. The refusal rate was measured using AAPOR’s refusal rate 3 method. The table below contains these rates.

    Response Rate Cooperation Rate Refusal Rate

    37% 90% 8%

    Source: AAPOR Outcome Rate Calculator Version 2.1 May 2003

    This report will describe the weighted data from the 601 Pottawatomie County respondents ages 18 and older.

    1 Food Insecurity Among Older Adults. A report submitted to AARP Foundation August 2011 by James P. Ziliak, Ph.D. University of Kentucky and Craig Gundersen, Ph.D. University of Illinois http://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/aarp_foundation/pdf_2011/AARPFoundation_HungerReport_2011.pdf 2 Feeding America, Hunger in America, Hunger Facts, http://feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/hunger-facts/hunger-and-poverty-statistics.aspx 3 Ziliak, J.P., Gundersen, C. State of Hunger in American 2011: An Annual Report; Supplement, September 1, 2013 http://www.nfesh.org/wp- content/uploads/2013/03/NFESH-2013-Report-_Supplement_041113_Final.pdf 4 Pottawatomie County Food Bank Association, http://Pottawatomie County fba.org/AboutHunger/Hunger101.aspx 5 Ibid. James P. Ziliak, Ph.D. and Craig Gundersen, Ph.D., Page 70. http://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/aarp_foundation/pdf_2011/AARPFoundation_HungerReport_2011.pdf 6 Feeding America’s Map the Meal Gap, http://www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/our-research/map-the-meal-gap/. 7 Ibid. footnote 6

  • Hunger in Pottawatomie County Oklahoma: AARP Survey of Adults Age 18+ 2

    SURVEY HIGHLIGHTS

     N early half(47% )say they orsom eoneintheirhouseholdhasexperiencedfood insecurity,andtw o- thirds(66% )say som eoneclosetothem likeaneighbororfriendhaseverexperiencedthisproblem .

     Over one-third (35%) say there has been a time in the past two years when they worried their food would run out before they obtained the money to buy more.

     O nethird(33% )indicatethey havetakenatleastthreeofthesix m easurestestedinthesurvey to obtainfood suchasacceptedfinancialhelp,groceries,orfoodfrom fam ily orfriends,avoidedfillinga prescription,orskippedpaym entonautility/hom ebill.

     Atleastone-quartersay they skippedfillingaprescriptionorseeingadoctor(29% )orskipped paying autility orotherhom ebill(25% )tohavem oney forfood.

     Aboutoneinsix (15% )P ottaw atom ieadultssay thatinthepasttw oyears,they havereceivedfood orateam ealatalocalfoodpantry orsoupkitchen

     P ottaw atom ieCounty adults(57% )believethenum berofpeopleorfam iliesatriskforhungerin theircom m unity hasincreased since2012.

     Fourinten(41% )say theneedform oreorganizationsoragenciessuchasfoodpantriesorsoup kitchenshasincreasedinthepasttw oyearsandanotherfourinten(39% )believetheneedhas stayedthesam e.

     Justoverone-quarter(27% )say they arevery fam iliarw ithS N AP – theO klahom aFoodAssistance P rogram – and anotherthirty-onepercentsay they aresom ew hatfam iliar. And oneinfive(20% )of P ottaw atom ieCounty adultssay they oranyonelivingintheirhousehold iscurrently participatingin thisprogram .

     Few (12% )respondentsknow S N AP benefitscanbeusedtopurchaseplantsandseedsfortheirow n gardenand lessthanathird (31% )areaw arethesebenefitscanbeusedtopurchasefood atm ost localfarm ersm arkets.

     M ost(80% )say boththestategovernm entand publicorprivateorganizationssuchaschurchesor non-profitorganizations,andindividualsshould helpreducethenum beroffam iliesatriskforhunger inP ottaw atom ieCounty.

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AAR P staffthatcontributedtothedesignandim plem entationofthisstudy includesAAR P stateofficestaffin O klahom a:M ashellS ourjohn,S eanVoskuhl,andCraigDavis;M aggieBiscarroftheAAR P Foundation;R achelle Cum m ins,DarleneM atthew s,andEow naYoungHarrisonoftheR esearchCenter. P recisionO pinionfielded, entered,tabulated,andw eightedthedata. Form oreinform ationaboutthissurvey,them ethodology orthe dispositions,pleasecontactJenniferH.S [email protected] aarp.orgorat(202)434-6207.

    mailto:[email protected]

  • Hunger in Pottawatomie County Oklahoma: AARP Survey of Adults Age 18+ 3

    DETAILED FINDINGS

    Many Pottawatomie County adults have experienced food insecurity – a period when access to adequate food on a regular basis has been limited by a lack of money or resources to buy food. In fact, nearly half say they or someone in their household has experienced food insecurity, and two-thirds say another family member, friend or neighbor has ever experienced this problem. Over one-third say there has been a time in the past two years when they worried their food would run out before they obtained the money to buy more.

    Anyone, Including Self, in Household Ever Been Food Insecure?

    (n=608 Pottawatomie County Adults Age 18+)

    Any O therFam ily,N eighbor, FriendEverBeenFoodInsecure?

    (n=608P ottaw atom ieCounty AdultsAge18+)

    Worried Would Run Out Of Food Before Able To Buy More In Past 2 Years

    (n=608 Pottawatomie County Adults 18+)

    Younger respondents are significantly more likely than those ages 50 and older to indicate they or someone living in their household has faced food insecurity and has been worried about running out of food in the past 2 years. In addition, they are also more likely than those older to say they know another family member, neighbor or friend that has been food insecure. Oklahoma adults who report an annual income less than $45k are more likely than those with higher incomes to be, or know someone that has been, food insecure in the past 2 years or be worried they would run out of food before they could buy more.

    Age Self-Reported Annual Income

    Question

    %YES 18-49

    (n=332)

    %YES 50+

    (n=276)

    %YES

  • Hunger in Pottawatomie County Oklahoma: AARP Survey of Adults Age 18+ 4

    About one in six Pottawatomie adults say they have received food or eaten a meal at a local food pantry or soup kitchen in the past 2 years. Moreover, one third (33%) have taken at least three of the six measures tested in the survey to obtain food. In fact, one-third says that in the past two years, they have accepted financial help, groceries, or food from family or friends because there wasn’t enough money to buy food. Not eating, avoiding filling a prescription, cutting the size of their meals, selling something, or skipping payment on a utility/home bill are measures taken by at least one-quarter of Pottawatomie adults in the past two years to have money for food.

    Got Food or Ate Meal at Local Food Pantry or Soup Kitchen in Past 2 Years

    (n=608 Pottawatomie County ns Age 18+) Measures Taken in Past 2 Years Related to Food Insecurity