Hungarian Uprising 1956. What caused the Uprising?

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    15-Jan-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    256
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Hungarian Uprising 1956. What caused the Uprising?

Hungarian Uprising

Hungarian Uprising1956What caused the Uprising?Nikita Khrushchev

Part of the Bolsheviks during WW1Part of the Red Army and fought against the Whites in the Ukraine during the Civil War Khrushchev's de-Stalinzation policy encouraged people living in Eastern Europe to believe that he was willing to give them more independence from the Soviet Union. After the Hungarian Khrushchev sent Janos Kadar to Hungary and imprisoned Nagy

Imre Nagy1953-1955 (1st term)Oct 1956-Nov 4 1956 (2nd term)Wanted to implement far reaching democracy for Hungarian people, improve daily lives of workers, withdraw from Warsaw PactExecuted in June 1958This fight is the fight for freedom by the Hungarian people against the Russian intervention, and it is possible that I shall only be able to stay at my post for one or two hours. The whole world will see how the Russian armed forces, contrary to all treaties and conventions, are crushing the resistance of the Hungarian people.

1) De-Stalinization

Death of Joseph Stalin= death of Stalinism- Showed Hope!Death relieved tensions in Soviet Union and E. European countries.Hungary wanted to become democraticHungary was a religious country, S.U. banned religious practices

2)Poland Uprising

Gave Poland new hope make itself democratic100,000 workers, students were on the streets protesting- StrikePolish has 10,000 troops and 400 tanks.19th October, 1956 Khrushchev flew to Warsaw, Poland and fought with the Polish with warships.Result: gained somewhat freedom such as the economy, but were part of the Warsaw Pact.

3)Warsaw PactTreaty between 8 E. and Central European countries.USSRs version of NATOPurpose: Treaty of friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual assistance.Provide aid to the countries if any opponents attacked

4)Hungarian EconomyA lot of PovertyHungarian families had barely anything to eatProduced a lot of food but was all imported to Soviet Union

Hungarian GoalOct 23 1956 students and workers from Budapest protested their 16 points which included more food, removal of secret police, and removal of Russian control > FREEDOMWanted to withdraw from the Warsaw Pact.Become democratic

What was the style of war, conflict, or dispute?Recall: Oct 23 1956 students/workers in Budapest protested for freedomOct 31: President Imre Nagy withdraws Hungary from Warsaw pactNov 4: Soviet tanks enter Budapest Soviet troops enter Hungary Major form of weaponry used were tanks which were used in world war 2 as they caused severe damage. These tanks caused:BrutalityKilling of wounded peopleTanks dragged bodies through streets as warning to protestors CombatantsWorkers, university and school students, soldiers Had a massive riot in Budapest, HungaryStalins statue was smashed and protesters chanted Russians go home Long live NagyNovember 4th, Russians fought with Hungarians with tanks and destroyed Hungarian army and children were also fighting with dangerous weapons.

Help for Hungary A resolution from UNOResult:30,000 people killed in Budapest200,000 people fled to the West to seek safety from the Soviet brutalityOver 700 Soviet soldiers die & other executed from refusing to fightPresident Imre Nagy was executed in RomaniaNov 14: the goal of the Soviet Union was to have Hungary under control from MoscowDuring the protest Soviet Union was already sending in Kadar to be put in charge and for communism to be restored. Why did nobody help?WHERE WAS THE US? During the time of the Cold war the US continuously preached about helping nations that were under communist rule.During the crisis Eisenhower stated: I feel with the Hungarian people. To all those suffering under communist slavery, let us say you can count on us.

However the US did nothing! Why?The Geographic location of HungaryToo risky that a war would result if US intervened in HungaryBoth the US and Soviet Union were huge nuclear powers so the risk of a nuclear war was too muchSuez crisis was the main priority by BR, FR, US. Not Hungary.

Role of the UNNov 1: Nagy asked UN to become involved in countrys dispute1.Establishes, for the above-mentioned purposes, a Special Committee, composed of representatives of Australia, Ceylon, Denmark, Tunisia and Uruguay, to investigate, and to establish and maintain direct observation in Hungary and elsewhere, taking testimony, collecting evidence and receiving information, as appropriate, in order to report its findings to the General Assembly at its eleventh session, and thereafter from time to time to prepare additional reports for the information of Member States and of the General Assembly if it is in session;

2.Calls upon the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Hungary to co-operate in every way with the Committee, and in particular, to permit the Committee and its staff to enter the territory of Hungary and to travel freely therein;The actions of the UN lead to a forced peace treaty signing between Soviet union and Hungary however it was unsuccessful.

What were the types of settlements which concluded the uprising?The result of the Hungarian uprising was neither a victory, ceasefire, or a negotiated settlementThousands of Hungarians were arrested and deported to the Soviet UnionKadar comes to power but implements a form of communism called Goushlash Communism. This was communism with free market economics. BibliographyBBC: GCSE Bitesize. "Cause and Effect of the Hungarian Revolution." n.d. 10 February 2013. .Clare, John D. "Hungarian Revolution 1956." 2002. John D. Claire. 10 February 2013. .Poznan-Life. "Poznan 1956 Uprising." 2005. 10 February 2013. .Sam Houston State University. "The Warsaw Pact." n.d. 10 February 2013. .Socialist Worker. "Poland 1956: The Poznan uprising." 1 July 2006. 10 February 2013. .Trueman, Chris. "The Hungarian Uprising of 1956." 2000. 10 February 2013. .United Nations. "Report of the Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary." 1957. lib.com. 10 February 2013. .