Humanistic-Existential Paradigm Self-actualization Theory

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Transcript of Humanistic-Existential Paradigm Self-actualization Theory

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)Humanistic-Existential ParadigmSelf-actualization Theory

Maslows AssumptionsHuman nature is basically good, not evilNormal human development involves the actualization of this inherent goodness

Central Human MotiveSelf-Actualization

Maslows Assumptions...Psychopathology results from the frustration of a human beings essential nature

Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsSelf-ActualizationEsteemLoveSafetyPhysiologicalMaslows Hierarchy of NeedsPHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDSMOST NEEDS HAVE TO DO WITHSURVIVAL PHYSICALLY ANDPSYCHOLOGICALLY5Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsPHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDSFood

Water

Air

Sleep

Shelter5Food: A Most Powerful Need

South American Rugby team crashed in 1970Food was the most pressing problem.They ate human flesh for survival.Even the strongest taboo was broken to fill the basic need for food.Food: A Most Powerful NeedIk tribe in Uganda forced to give up hunting and live on unfertile landlong standing social mores dissolve - people became psychopathicngag, word for food, also becomes word for goodparents steal food from children, children from other children

Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsPHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDSSAFETY NEEDSON THE WHOLE AN INDIVIDUALCANNOT SATISFY ANY LEVELUNLESS NEEDS BELOW ARESATISFIED

from physical attackfrom emotional attackfrom fatal diseasefrom invasionfrom extreme losses (job, family members, home, friends)Safety NeedsSafety: A Most Powerful Needwhen frightened, our thoughts and energies are divertedthreat of, or actual attack creates fight or flight reaction threats to safety can be physical or emotional

Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsPHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDSSAFETY NEEDSLOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS7

Inclusion - part of a group: colleagues, peers, family, clubs Affection - love and be loved Control - influence over others and selfLove and Belonging(social/emotional)Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsPHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDSSAFETY NEEDSLOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDSESTEEM NEEDS8

respect from others through: awards honors status respect for self through: mastery achievement competenceEsteem Needsemotional (ego)Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsSELF-ACTUALIZATIONNEEDFORMASLOW EMPHASIZES NEED FOR SELF ACTUALIZATION ISA HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS PRIMEMOTIVATION9Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsSELF-ACTUALIZATIONNEEDFORMASLOW EMPHASIZES NEED FOR SELF ACTUALIZATION ISA HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS PRIMEMOTIVATIONSELF-ACTUALIZATION MEANS ACTUALIZING ONES POTENTIAL BECOMING ALL ONE ISCAPABLE OF BECOMING10

stop cruelty and exploitationencourage talent in otherstry to be a good human beingdo work one considers worthwhileenjoy taking on responsibilitiesprefer intrinsic satisfaction seek truthgive unselfish lovebe justSelf-Actualization NeedsB-Needs of the Self-Actualized

TruthGoodnessBeautyUnityAlivenessUniquenessPerfection and NecessityCompletionJustice and orderSimplicityRichnessEffortlessnessPlayfulnessSelf-sufficiencyMeaningfulnessMaslows Hierarchy of Needs

PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDSSAFETY NEEDSLOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDSESTEEM NEEDSSELF-ACTUALIZATIONNEED11