How to Avoid Informationآ Plagiarism (same words, no quotation marks): In research writing,...
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How to Avoid Plagiarism
What is PLAGIARISM?
My job is to make sure you know
what it is, and how to avoid it…
Topics of Discussion
So, what is this thing called
How can I avoid plagiarism within
my research paper and other
Why is academic integrity so
important if I‟m only looking to get
out of school?
How do we define “PLAGIARISM”?
Tough one… It ranges from failure
to properly cite your sources all the
way through “wholesale cheating”.
American Heritage Dictionary: the
theft and use of another‟s ideas or
writings as one‟s own.”
Plagiarism can be unintentional or
deliberate, but it can be avoided!
Examples of Plagiarism
Buying a paper from a research
services or term paper mill…$$$$
Turning in another student‟s work
without that student‟s knowledge
Turning in a paper that someone
else wrote for you
Copying from a source without
Examples of Plagiarism, continued Copying materials from a source using
proper documentation but leaving out
Paraphrasing from a source without
AND….thanks to the Internet,
Turning in a paper from a “free term
PUT THE BRAKES ON PLAGIARISM! (http://alexia.lis.uiuc.edu/~janicke/plagiary.htm)
What are “Paper Mills”? Paper mills are businesses
(usually on-line) that provide
you with a pre-written research
Does the disclaimer matter?
Cost: $1-10 per page, with
delivery being up to $15
Some require a submitted paper
in order for a “freebie”
Examples of Paper Mills
Yep, I know „em, as do MANY others!
There are at least 250 sites that
promote these “specials”…
Other People‟s Papers
Absolutely Free On-Line Essays
PURCHASED PAPERS Evil House of Cheat
A1 Term Paper
What does the purchaser get?
Other than getting in academic
trouble, you would get…
No guarantee of quality or
Papers that are dated and not
reflective of current events and
Substandard writing and research (www.coastal.edu/library/papermil.htm)
How to Avoid Plagiarism
Why should I be concerned?
How can I prevent plagiarism in my
What are the guidelines I should
follow to avoid plagiarizing
someone else‟s work?
Why should I be concerned about plagiarism?
If you do it, you‟re cheating
yourself- what are YOU learning
It‟s dishonest because it
misrepresents you and your work.
It can get you in LOTS of trouble!
It devalues the original work.
It‟s WRONG; it‟s THEFT.
How can I avoid plagiarism within my work? The most important way to avoid
GIVE CREDIT TO YOUR
Whenever you use…
another person‟s idea, opinion, or
any facts, statistics, graphs,
drawings,etc.-- any pieces of info.--
that are not common knowledge
AND whenever you use...
quotations of another person‟s
actual written or spoken words
a paraphrase of another person‟s
written or spoken words
IF YOU DON‟T KNOW,
ASK, ASK, ASK!!!
Remember... Plagiarism can be unintentional (“I
didn‟t know”) to planned and deliberate (“I‟m NOT doing my own work, I‟ll just „borrow‟ this person‟s…”).
Either way, it‟s still THEFT. And you WILL get in trouble!
This is when you use your own words and ideas to describe what you‟ve seen and/or read…
Okay, read this passage, then put it in your
own words….IN WRITING!!!
The rise of industry, the growth of cities,
and the expansion of the population were
the three great developments of the
nineteenth century American history. As
new, larger, steam-powered factories
became a feature of the American
landscape in the East, they transferred farm
hands into industrial laborers, and provided
jobs for a rising tide of immigrants.
Williams, Joyce. Lizzie Borden: A Case Book
of Family and Crime in the 1890s. Indiana
University Press, Bloomington: 1980.
This is MLA
We’ll discuss in class what you’ve done, and
how to keep on doing what you’re doing, or
stop before you go any further…
The key is to know what plagiarism is…
Intentional plagiarism: deliberate copying or use of another's work without credit.
Unintentional plagiarism: results from not knowing citation standards ("I thought the Internet was free!"), from sloppy research and poor note-taking, or from careless "cutting and pasting” of electronic sources. (UC Davis Website)
IGNORANCE IS NO EXCUSE!
Guidelines for avoiding plagiarism
Use your own thoughts and ideas; choose
Give credit for copied, adapted, or
Use quotations if you repeat another‟s
Avoid using others‟ works with minor
i.e., “Less” instead of “fewer”,
reversing the order of sentence, etc.
Common knowledge: If MOST people
would know this info, then you‟re okay…
WHEN IN DOUBT, CITE!
Examples to AVOID…
The Original Source:
" In research writing, sources are cited for
two reasons: to alert readers to the
sources of your information and to give
credit to the writers from whom you
have borrowed words and ideas." Another MLA
Hacker, Diana. A Writer's Reference. St.
Martin's Press, New York: 1995.
Plagiarism (same words, no quotation marks):
In research writing, sources are cited to alert
readers to the sources of your information and
to give credit to the writers from whom you have
borrowed words and ideas.
The student has used the author's exact words, leaving out
only a phrase, without quotation marks or a citation.
Also Plagiarism (incorrect paraphrase):
In research writing, we cite sources for a couple
reasons: to notify readers of our information
sources and give credit to those from whom we
have borrowed. (Hacker).
The student has made only slight changes, substituting
words such as "a couple" for "two", "notify" for "alert", and
"our"/"we" for "your"/"you," leaving out a few words, and
giving an incomplete citation.
A Solution (appropriate paraphrase):
A researcher cites her sources to ensure
her audience knows where she got her
information, and to recognize and
credit the original work (Hacker, 260).
This student has paraphrased in her own
words, while accurately reflecting and citing
the author's ideas.
A Different Solution (quotation with cite):
In her book A Writer's Reference, Diana Hacker
notes, "In research writing, sources are cited for
two reasons: to alert readers to the sources of your
information and to give credit to the writers from
whom you have borrowed words and ideas" (260).
By introducing his source, the student signals that the
following material is from that source. All verbatim words are
in quotation marks, and the source of the quote is cited with
a page number.
What is “integrity”, and what does it matter to me? According to the American
Heritage Dictionary, integrity