How do authors grab your attention
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- 1. Essential Questions 1 What are ways readers construct meaning fromtext? 2 How do readers determine the most importantinformation given to them by the author?
2. How do authors grab yourattention? Use the organizational features and text structures and featuresto construct meaning from fiction and non-fiction text Understand that not all ideas or features have equalimportance. Use schema, questioning, inferring, determining importance to beable to state the explicit main idea and to determine what theauthor felt was important NOT whats interesting to the reader Use evidence from the text will display their thinking 3. Strategy Lesson Plans Inferencing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWSqxItd9SU 4. ExcuseOur centers nose was runny.Cheer Our forwards had the flu.The guards were feelingfunny. Thats why we lost tobyyou.Timothy Your team is overrated. WeTocherreally didnt try.Our coach was constipated.Im telling you no lie.Now go and take a showerand hop back on your bus.You know well beat you nexttime, so youd best watch outfor us! 5. Text says This means My evidence is Important to the author because 6. Determining Importance http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KveNKQw9dd4Bring Your Own Lunchby Bruce Lansky Dont eat school lunches not even a lick. They might make you nauseous.They might make you sick. Just take a small bite andyoull start to feel ill. If the veggies dont get you, the meatloaf sure will. 7. The Principal Is Missing by Kenn NesbittThe principal is missing.Hes nowhere to be found.He isnt in his closet.The teachers tried to page him,Hes not behind his door.and theyve hunted all around. He isnt underneath his desk or hiding in a drawer.He isnt in the staff room.If you should see our principal,He isnt in the gym, please send him back to school,and all the kids are wondering and tell him we apologize.just whats become of him. We know that we were cruel.Weve looked in every classroom. Please tell him that we miss him.Weve peeked in every hall.Were sorry we were mean.We even checked the bathroomsBut tell him next Saint Patricks Dayand inspected every stall. he needs to wear some green. 8. Activating Schema PowerPoint Presentation 9. Snow DayKenn NesbittSnow day! Up hillwent Fred.Fred said.Down hillAll play.Fred sped.Sled streakedLets sled! on past.No school! Mom shrieked,Too fast!Just snow.Snow blew.Way cool. Cant see!Fred flew.Lets go!Hit tree.Fred ranSled bent.Freds headin shed.got dent.Had plan. Poor Fred.Got sled. He cried.Now playsGo slow,insidesnow days.Mom said.I know,said Fred. 10. Asking QuestionsDescribe the picture Question I am Answered in the textor write the words asking myselffrom the text.Answered by researchingMy question was notanswered 11. Authors Craft Students Job is to read like a writer Understand text features Determine whats important 12. Narrative Texts Just as a woodworker uses many tools andtechniques to craft a piece of furniture, a skilledauthor uses tools and techniques of languageand storytelling to craft a piece of writing. 13. Setting Time and Place Examples Boston, Massachusetts, in 1809 lonely farmhouse on a dark night Midwestern town during the Depression, the courthouse time of day Why is it important? Setting provides a backdrop for the action. Think about setting not justas factual information but as an essential part of a storys mood andemotional impact. Careful portrayal of setting can convey meaningthrough interaction with characters and plot. How do I create it? To create setting, provide information about time and place and usedescriptive language to evoke vivid sights, sounds, smells, and othersensations. Pay close attention to the mood a setting conveys. 14. Characterization Characterization is the way in which authors convey information about their characters. Descriptions of a characters appearance, behavior, interests, way of speaking, and other mannerisms are all part of characterization. Why is it important? Characterization is a crucial part of making a story compelling. In order to interest and move readers, characters need to seem real. Authors achieve this by providing details that make characters individual and particular. Good characterization gives readers a strong sense of characters personalities and complexities; it makes characters vivid, alive and believable. How do I create it? Create characterization by choosing details that make real or fictional characters seem life-like and individual. 15. Literary Devices/Figurative Language Literary devices are the tools and techniques oflanguage that authors use to convey meaning.Skilled use of literary devices brings richness andclarity to a text. Figurative language or speech contains images. Thewriter or speaker describes something through theuse of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, andto make things clearer. The result of using thistechnique is the creation of interesting images. 16. Personification What is it? Personification is a figure of speech that gives human qualities to objects, animals, or ideas. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0TKJItZ_qkw Why is it important? Personification connects readers with the object that is personified. Personification can make descriptions of non-human entities more vivid, or can help readers understand, sympathize with, or react emotionally to non-human characters. How do I do it? Give human-like qualities or emotions to inanimate entities or non- human beings. 17. "IM A LITTLE TEAPOT" Im a little teapot, short and stout.Here is my handle, and here is my spout. When I spy a teacup, then I shout, Tip me over and pour me out! Poem Says Personified Object Author used this device to 18. Idioms Cat Got Your Tongue I was feeling shy when my uncle came. "Has the cat got your tongue?" he said. He must have meant, "Why arent you talking?"Because my tongue was still in my head.Poem SaysReal MeaningAuthor used this device to 19. All earsCan of wormsAnts in your pantsCold feetArm and a leg Crash a partyAt the end of your rope Cry your eyes outAxe to grindDont wash your dirty laundryBack to the drawing board in publicBarking up the wrong tree Down in the dumpsBetween the lines Eagle eyesBlood out of a stoneElephant in the roomBlow your stack Feeling BlueBone to pickFifth wheelBull in a China shopFish out of waterBy the skin of your teeth Go round in circles 20. Grab the bull by its hornsHead is in the clouds Opening a can of wormsOut on a limbHeart of goldPiece of cakeHook, line, and sinkerPull someones legHorse of a different colorPull your weightIn the doghouse Rock the boatIt cost an arm and a legSee the lightJump the gunStick out like a sore thumbTall storyLike a fish needs a bicycleThin-skinnedMake wavesThrilled to bitsMoney talks Walk on eggshellsWritten all over your face 21. OnomatopoeiaWords that sound like theobjects or actions they refer toA pesky mosquito buzzedaround my head. 22. Crack an Egg Flip it over, just like that.Crack an egg.Press it down.Stir the butter. Squeeze it flat.Break the yolk.Pop the toast.Make it flutter. Spread jam thin.Stoke the heat.Say the word.Hear it sizzle.Shake the salt,Breakfasts in .just a drizzle. by Denise Rodgers 23. Text says This means The author used this device to 24. Alliteration Alliteration Repetition of words with the same beginningsounds Polly planted plenty of pretty pansies. Daddys Gone A HuntingBye, baby bunting, Daddys gone a - hunting, Gone to get a rabbit skin To wrap baby bunting in. 25. Betty Botter by Mother Goose Betty Botter bought some butter,but, she said, the butters bitter;if I put it in my batterit will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better.So she bought a bit of butterbetter than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter.So twas better Betty Botterbought a bit of better butter. 26. Text says This means The author used this device to 27. Mood angryfriendly fearful mischievous sad anxious frustration optimisticserious calm scared funny patriotic carefree gloomypeacefulshocked carefulhappy pessimistic silly cautious hopeful playful suspicious humorousproud terrified cheerful joyfulrelaxed thoughtful excitedupbeat lonely worried 28. One-Way Ticketby Langston Hughes, 1949I pick up my lifeBut not South.And take it with meI am fed upAnd I put it down in With Jim Crow laws,Chicago, Detroit,People who are cruelBuffalo, Scranton, And afraid.Any place that isWho lynch and run,North and EastWho are scared of meAnd not Dixie. And me of them.I pick up my lifeI pick up my lifeAnd take it on the train And take it awayTo Los Angeles, Bakersfield, On a one-way ticketSeattle, Oakland, Salt Lake, Gone up North,Any place that isGone out West,North and WestGone! 29. Text says This means The author used this device to 30. Simile What is it? A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things and uses the words "like," "as." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkMKaGLmkzk Why is it important? Similes make descriptions vivid by comparing their subjects with known events or things. Effective similes help readers visualize what is being described. How do I do it? Create a comparison by using "like, or "as." 31. FlintAn emerald is as green as grass, Your TeethA ruby red as blood; Your teeth are likeA sapphire shines as blue as stars;heaven;A flint lies in the mud. they come out atA diamond is a brilliant stone,night.To catch the worlds desire; They come back atAn opal holds a fiery spark; dawnBut a flint holds a fire.when theyre ready Christina Rossetti to bite.1830-1894 by Denise Rodgers 32. Text says This means The author used this device to 33. Additional Authors CraftStrategies Voice Descriptive Language and Detail Strong Verbs Powerful Leads Authentic Examples or True Stories Use of Effective Transitions Integrating diagrams, charts, and tables with text Identify the authors purpose persuade, entertain,inform 34. Patterns Readers select, appl