Holt Algebra 1 113 Exponential Growth and Decay Solve problems involving exponential growth and...
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Transcript of Holt Algebra 1 113 Exponential Growth and Decay Solve problems involving exponential growth and...
Slide 1Objective
NOTES
1. The number of employees at a certain company is 1440 and is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the number of employees in the company after 9 years.
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
2. $12,000 invested at a rate of 6% compounded quarterly; 15 years
3. $500 invested at a rate of 2.5% compounded annually; 10 years
4. The deer population of a game preserve is decreasing by 2% per year. The original population was 1850. Write an exponential decay function to model the situation. Then find the population after 4 years.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Exponential growth occurs when an quantity increases by the same rate r in each period t. When this happens, the value of the quantity at any given time can be calculated as a function of the rate and the original amount.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 1A: Exponential Growth
The original value of a painting is $9,000 and the value increases by 7% each year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the painting’s value in 15 years.
Step 1 Write the exponential growth function for this situation.
y = a(1 + r)t
Simplify.
y = 9000(1.07)t
= 9000(1 + 0.07)15
The value of the painting in 15 years is $24,831.28.
Substitute 15 for t.
Use a calculator and round to the nearest hundredth.
The original value of a painting is $9,000 and the value increases by 7% each year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the painting’s value in 15 years.
Holt Algebra 1
Example 1B
A sculpture is increasing in value at a rate of 8% per year, and its value in 2000 was $1200. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the sculpture’s value in 2006.
Step 1 Write the exponential function for this problem.
y = 1200(1 + .08)t
= 1200(1 + 0.08)6
The value of the painting in 6 years is $1,904.25.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
A common application of exponential growth is compound interest. Recall that simple interest is earned or paid only on the principal. Compound interest is interest earned or paid on both the principal and previously earned interest.
Holt Algebra 1
quarterly means “4 times per year” (n =4).
monthly means “12 times per year” (n = 12).
Reading Math
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 2A: Finance Application
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
$1200 invested at a rate of 2% compounded quarterly; 3 years.
Step 1 Write the compound interest function for this situation.
= 1200(1.005)4t
Write the formula.
Substitute 1200 for P, 0.02 for r, and 4 for n.
Simplify.
Example 2A Continued
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
Step 2 Find the balance after 3 years.
≈ 1274.01
The balance after 3 years is $1,274.01.
$1200 invested at a rate of 2% compounded quarterly; 3 years.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 2B: Finance Application
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
$15,000 invested at a rate of 4.8% compounded monthly; 2 years.
Step 1 Write the compound interest function for this situation.
Write the formula.
Substitute 15,000 for P, 0.048 for r, and 12 for n.
= 15,000(1.004)12t
Simplify.
Example 2B Continued
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
$15,000 invested at a rate of 4.8% compounded monthly; 2 years.
Step 2 Find the balance after 2 years.
≈ 16,508.22
The balance after 2 years is $16,508.22.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Exponential decay occurs when a quantity decreases by the same rate r in each time period t. Just like exponential growth, the value of the quantity at any given time can be calculated by using the rate and the original amount.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Notice an important difference between exponential growth functions and exponential decay functions. For exponential growth, the value inside the parentheses will be greater than 1 because r is added to 1. For exponential decay, the value inside the parentheses will be less than 1 because r is subtracted from 1.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 3A: Exponential Decay
The population of a town is decreasing at a rate of 3% per year. In 2000 there were 1700 people. Write an exponential decay function to model this situation. Then find the population in 2012.
Step 1 Write the exponential decay function for this situation.
y = a(1 – r)t
The population in 2012 will be approximately 1180 people.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
The fish population in a local stream is decreasing at a rate of 3% per year. The original population was 48,000. Write an exponential decay function to model this situation. Then find the population after 7 years.
Step 1 Write the exponential decay function for this situation.
y = 48,000(1 – 0.03)t
The population after 7 years will be approximately 38,783 people.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Lesson Quiz: Part I
1. The number of employees at a certain company is 1440 and is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the number of employees in the company after 9 years.
y = 1440(1.015)t; 1646
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
2. $12,000 invested at a rate of 6% compounded quarterly; 15 years
A = 12,000(1.015)4t, $29,318.64
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Lesson Quiz: Part II
3. $500 invested at a rate of 2.5% compounded annually; 10 years
A = 500(1.025)t; $640.04
4. The deer population of a game preserve is decreasing by 2% per year. The original population was 1850. Write an exponential decay function to model the situation. Then find the population after 4 years.
y = 1850(0.98)t; 1706
NOTES
1. The number of employees at a certain company is 1440 and is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the number of employees in the company after 9 years.
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
2. $12,000 invested at a rate of 6% compounded quarterly; 15 years
3. $500 invested at a rate of 2.5% compounded annually; 10 years
4. The deer population of a game preserve is decreasing by 2% per year. The original population was 1850. Write an exponential decay function to model the situation. Then find the population after 4 years.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Exponential growth occurs when an quantity increases by the same rate r in each period t. When this happens, the value of the quantity at any given time can be calculated as a function of the rate and the original amount.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 1A: Exponential Growth
The original value of a painting is $9,000 and the value increases by 7% each year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the painting’s value in 15 years.
Step 1 Write the exponential growth function for this situation.
y = a(1 + r)t
Simplify.
y = 9000(1.07)t
= 9000(1 + 0.07)15
The value of the painting in 15 years is $24,831.28.
Substitute 15 for t.
Use a calculator and round to the nearest hundredth.
The original value of a painting is $9,000 and the value increases by 7% each year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the painting’s value in 15 years.
Holt Algebra 1
Example 1B
A sculpture is increasing in value at a rate of 8% per year, and its value in 2000 was $1200. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the sculpture’s value in 2006.
Step 1 Write the exponential function for this problem.
y = 1200(1 + .08)t
= 1200(1 + 0.08)6
The value of the painting in 6 years is $1,904.25.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
A common application of exponential growth is compound interest. Recall that simple interest is earned or paid only on the principal. Compound interest is interest earned or paid on both the principal and previously earned interest.
Holt Algebra 1
quarterly means “4 times per year” (n =4).
monthly means “12 times per year” (n = 12).
Reading Math
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 2A: Finance Application
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
$1200 invested at a rate of 2% compounded quarterly; 3 years.
Step 1 Write the compound interest function for this situation.
= 1200(1.005)4t
Write the formula.
Substitute 1200 for P, 0.02 for r, and 4 for n.
Simplify.
Example 2A Continued
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
Step 2 Find the balance after 3 years.
≈ 1274.01
The balance after 3 years is $1,274.01.
$1200 invested at a rate of 2% compounded quarterly; 3 years.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 2B: Finance Application
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
$15,000 invested at a rate of 4.8% compounded monthly; 2 years.
Step 1 Write the compound interest function for this situation.
Write the formula.
Substitute 15,000 for P, 0.048 for r, and 12 for n.
= 15,000(1.004)12t
Simplify.
Example 2B Continued
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
$15,000 invested at a rate of 4.8% compounded monthly; 2 years.
Step 2 Find the balance after 2 years.
≈ 16,508.22
The balance after 2 years is $16,508.22.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Exponential decay occurs when a quantity decreases by the same rate r in each time period t. Just like exponential growth, the value of the quantity at any given time can be calculated by using the rate and the original amount.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Notice an important difference between exponential growth functions and exponential decay functions. For exponential growth, the value inside the parentheses will be greater than 1 because r is added to 1. For exponential decay, the value inside the parentheses will be less than 1 because r is subtracted from 1.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Example 3A: Exponential Decay
The population of a town is decreasing at a rate of 3% per year. In 2000 there were 1700 people. Write an exponential decay function to model this situation. Then find the population in 2012.
Step 1 Write the exponential decay function for this situation.
y = a(1 – r)t
The population in 2012 will be approximately 1180 people.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
The fish population in a local stream is decreasing at a rate of 3% per year. The original population was 48,000. Write an exponential decay function to model this situation. Then find the population after 7 years.
Step 1 Write the exponential decay function for this situation.
y = 48,000(1 – 0.03)t
The population after 7 years will be approximately 38,783 people.
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Lesson Quiz: Part I
1. The number of employees at a certain company is 1440 and is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. Write an exponential growth function to model this situation. Then find the number of employees in the company after 9 years.
y = 1440(1.015)t; 1646
Write a compound interest function to model each situation. Then find the balance after the given number of years.
2. $12,000 invested at a rate of 6% compounded quarterly; 15 years
A = 12,000(1.015)4t, $29,318.64
Holt Algebra 1
Exponential Growth and Decay
Lesson Quiz: Part II
3. $500 invested at a rate of 2.5% compounded annually; 10 years
A = 500(1.025)t; $640.04
4. The deer population of a game preserve is decreasing by 2% per year. The original population was 1850. Write an exponential decay function to model the situation. Then find the population after 4 years.
y = 1850(0.98)t; 1706