History of the Ancient and Medieval World

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History of the Ancient and Medieval World. Absolutism. Walsingham Academy Mrs. McArthur Room 111. Extra-Credit: due Fri. 5/15. 2 Portraits: 2 Absolute Monarchs – You be the judge!. The Reformation. The Renaissance. The Voyages Of Discovery. The Scientific Revolution. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of History of the Ancient and Medieval World

  • History of the Ancient and Medieval World

    Walsingham AcademyMrs. McArthurRoom 111Absolutism

  • Extra-Credit: due Fri. 5/152 Portraits: 2 Absolute Monarchs You be the judge!

  • Emerging Nation States Foundation of Modern Europe

  • The New MonarchiesMachiavellis view of the successful rulerThe prince: agent of change in state formationThe need for unity, security and prosperityHow to model: Absolutism emerges on continentThe monarch must break feudal ties to pastWhat to look for in the successful state

  • The New Monarchies (cont.)Church and nobility subordinated to monarchBureaucracy to supervise royal policiesRoyal system of justiceRoyal monopoly on military powerDependable and adequate source of income

    Winners and losers in the modern Europe

    First contestant: Spain

  • The Spanish Armada (1588)the decisive action off Calais; the English attack at midnight led by the eight fire ships that forced the Spanish to cut their cables and escape to the East

  • Assignment 1

    Read text, pp 504-508Complete outlineAnswer Thinking Critically, pp 506Answer question, View of Toledo, pp 508 Complete Map Skills activity, pp 505

    Palace of El Escorial where Philip II, King of Spain, planned the invasion of England by the Armada

  • Spains Golden Age (1550-1650)

  • Positive and Negative Effects of Wealth from the Americas on Spain

  • The New Monarchies: England

    Good Queen Bess dies (1603): Stuarts inheritDivine Right: I will not be content that my power be disputed upon.Parliament Responds: English Civil War (Cavaliers and Roundheads)King beheaded I am a martyr of the people. (1649)The Commonwealth, The Restoration and The Glorious Revolution (Whew!)Winning state or losing state in the new Europe?Analysis

  • Assignment 2Read text, pp. 516-520Define blue termsAnswer questions 4 Checkpoint questionsAnswer Thinking Critically, Infographic, pp 519

    Cavalier Style: ( la van Dyck)Long, flowing ringlets, elaborate, embellished clothes and plumed hats!

  • Assignment 3Read text, pp. 520-523Answer 2 Checkpoint questionsDefine termsAnswer thematic Questions, pp 521 and 522

    Roundhead Style:Short hair, plain (military) dressOliver CromwellLord Protector of England 1653-1658

  • Assignment 4Complete activities on following two slides.Assignment 5Test Yourself- Chp. 16, Sec. 1/3Exams are coming!

  • Thomas Hobbes: LeviathanNo arts; no letters; no society; and which is worst of all, continual fear and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.The Papacy is not other than the Ghost of the deceased Roman Empire, sitting crowned upon the grave thereof.The condition of manis a condition of war of everyone against everyone.

    Written in 1651, Leviathan is considered by many to be the foundation of modern, western political philosophy.What view of man in a state of nature does Hobbes appear to have?What prescription might he have had for his country?What legacy do you think has left us?

  • AbsolutismSpainEnglandAnalyze and Justify.

    In a brief paragraph, analyze the visual sources on slide 10. Give to or email me your answer by Friday 5/15.

    Rumor has it that Louis XIV was very taken with Anthony van Dycks portrait of Charles I.Although the French king had no intention of allowing history to repeat itself (like, you know, getting beheaded) he nevertheless recommended as a model this portrait to his own painter, Hyacinthe Rigaud.

    What do these portraits, together, suggest about how these monarchs viewed themselves and their role?How might one argue that, based on the visual evidence, Louis sought, with his own portrait, to enhance the image of the absolute monarch? Consider:What is the setting of each portrait?How are the monarchs standing, dressed? What about expressions?What, if any, personality is revealed?