History of Missouri Missouri Compromise. 1818 Missouri Territory has sufficient population to become...

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Transcript of History of Missouri Missouri Compromise. 1818 Missouri Territory has sufficient population to become...

  • History of MissouriMissouri Compromise

  • Missouri Compromise1818

    Missouri Territory has sufficient population to become a state

    Missouri petitions Congress for admission to the Union as a state

  • Missouri CompromiseThe U.S. in 181822 states in the U.S.11 free states, 11 slave states

    Balance of power between slave and free statesFree states control House of Representatives105 votes to 81Equal representation in SenateEach faction has power to prevent passage of legislation not to its liking

  • Missouri CompromiseSlavery in the South

    Integral part of Southern life and culture for 200 years

    Economy dependent upon slavery for agriculture

  • Missouri Compromise1819

    Majority of Missouri settlers are from the South

    More than 2,000 slaves live in Missouri Territory

    Missouri expected to become a slave state

    Missouri Statehood Bill goes to House of Representatives

  • Missouri Compromise

    NY Rep James Tallmadge proposes amendment to ban slavery in MissouriForbid importation of slavesEmancipation of all slaves born in Missouri

    February, 1819: Amendment passes in House, but not in Senate

    U.S. again confronted with volatile issue of spread of slavery into new territories and states

  • Missouri Compromise1820

    Missouri statehood controversy becomes a national issue as slavery is debated

    January: Maine petitions Congress for statehood

    March 3: Compromise is reached

  • Missouri Compromise - Results

    The compromise will allow Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, and Maine to enter as a free state

    Balance of power will remain the same in Congress with an equal number of slave and free states

  • Missouri Compromise

    Henry Clay, Speaker of the House, is regarded as the author of the compromise

  • Missouri Compromise - ResultsAttempts to address issue of further spread of slavery

    36 30 N. latitude line (southern boundary of Missouri)

    Louisiana Purchase territory north of the line will be free (except Missouri)

    Louisiana Purchase territory south of the line will be slave

    Slavery confrontation is postponed

  • Missouri Compromise - Results36 30 North Latitude Line

  • Missouri Compromise Statehood1820

    June: Delegates meet in St. Louis to draw up a constitution

    July: Missouris first Constitution is adopted

    August: Missouris first state elections are held and the first governor is elected

  • Missouri Compromise Statehood

    Missouri Constitution is sent to Congress for approval

    Missouri Constitution

    Provision barring immigration of free blacks

    Northern Congressman object

  • Missouri Compromise - Again

    2nd Missouri Compromise is necessary

    Missouri legislature makes solemn promise never to carry out the provision

    Pledge nothing in the Missouri constitution will be interpreted to abridge the rights of citizens of the U.S.

    Charter is approved and Missouri is admitted to the Union

  • Missouri Compromise StatehoodIn 1821

    August 10: Missouri becomes the 24th state of the Union

    St. Charles is the state capitol until a permanent location is later designated

    (A bill to create the State Seal was not adopted until January 11, 1822)

  • Official Song of the State of Missouri:Missouri WaltzHush-a-bye, ma baby, slumber time is comin' soon;Rest yo' head upon my breast, while mommy hums a tune;The sandman is callin', where shadows are fallin',While the soft breezes sigh as in days long gone by.

    Way down in Missouri where I heard this melody,When I was a little child on my mommy's knee;The old folks were hummin', their banjos were strumminSo sweet and low.

    Strum, strum, strum, strum, strum,Seems I hear those banjos playin' once again,Hum, hum, hum, hum, hum,That same old plaintive strain.Hum, hum, hum, hum, hum,That same old plaintive strain.

    Hear that mournful melody,It just haunts you the whole day long,And you wander in dreams, back to Dixie, it seems,When you hear that old song.

    Hush a-bye, my baby, go to sleep on Mommy's knee,Journey back to Dixieland in dreams again with me;It seems like your Mommy is there again,And the old folks were strummin' that old refrain.

    Way down in Missouri where I learned this lullaby,When the stars were blinkin' and the moon was climbin' high,Seems I hear voices low, as in days long agoSingin' hush a-bye.

  • Missouri Compromise Statehood

    James Monroe is President of the United States when Missouri becomes a state

    Alexander McNair is Missouris first Governor

    http://www.50states.com/songs/mo.htmWritten by James Royce Shannon Music by John Valentine Eppel as arranged by Frederick Knight Logan