History of Missouri Missouri Compromise. 1818 Missouri Territory has sufficient population to become...
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History of MissouriMissouri Compromise
Missouri Territory has sufficient population to become a state
Missouri petitions Congress for admission to the Union as a state
Missouri CompromiseThe U.S. in 181822 states in the U.S.11 free states, 11 slave states
Balance of power between slave and free statesFree states control House of Representatives105 votes to 81Equal representation in SenateEach faction has power to prevent passage of legislation not to its liking
Missouri CompromiseSlavery in the South
Integral part of Southern life and culture for 200 years
Economy dependent upon slavery for agriculture
Majority of Missouri settlers are from the South
More than 2,000 slaves live in Missouri Territory
Missouri expected to become a slave state
Missouri Statehood Bill goes to House of Representatives
NY Rep James Tallmadge proposes amendment to ban slavery in MissouriForbid importation of slavesEmancipation of all slaves born in Missouri
February, 1819: Amendment passes in House, but not in Senate
U.S. again confronted with volatile issue of spread of slavery into new territories and states
Missouri statehood controversy becomes a national issue as slavery is debated
January: Maine petitions Congress for statehood
March 3: Compromise is reached
Missouri Compromise - Results
The compromise will allow Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, and Maine to enter as a free state
Balance of power will remain the same in Congress with an equal number of slave and free states
Henry Clay, Speaker of the House, is regarded as the author of the compromise
Missouri Compromise - ResultsAttempts to address issue of further spread of slavery
36 30 N. latitude line (southern boundary of Missouri)
Louisiana Purchase territory north of the line will be free (except Missouri)
Louisiana Purchase territory south of the line will be slave
Slavery confrontation is postponed
Missouri Compromise - Results36 30 North Latitude Line
Missouri Compromise Statehood1820
June: Delegates meet in St. Louis to draw up a constitution
July: Missouris first Constitution is adopted
August: Missouris first state elections are held and the first governor is elected
Missouri Compromise Statehood
Missouri Constitution is sent to Congress for approval
Provision barring immigration of free blacks
Northern Congressman object
Missouri Compromise - Again
2nd Missouri Compromise is necessary
Missouri legislature makes solemn promise never to carry out the provision
Pledge nothing in the Missouri constitution will be interpreted to abridge the rights of citizens of the U.S.
Charter is approved and Missouri is admitted to the Union
Missouri Compromise StatehoodIn 1821
August 10: Missouri becomes the 24th state of the Union
St. Charles is the state capitol until a permanent location is later designated
(A bill to create the State Seal was not adopted until January 11, 1822)
Official Song of the State of Missouri:Missouri WaltzHush-a-bye, ma baby, slumber time is comin' soon;Rest yo' head upon my breast, while mommy hums a tune;The sandman is callin', where shadows are fallin',While the soft breezes sigh as in days long gone by.
Way down in Missouri where I heard this melody,When I was a little child on my mommy's knee;The old folks were hummin', their banjos were strumminSo sweet and low.
Strum, strum, strum, strum, strum,Seems I hear those banjos playin' once again,Hum, hum, hum, hum, hum,That same old plaintive strain.Hum, hum, hum, hum, hum,That same old plaintive strain.
Hear that mournful melody,It just haunts you the whole day long,And you wander in dreams, back to Dixie, it seems,When you hear that old song.
Hush a-bye, my baby, go to sleep on Mommy's knee,Journey back to Dixieland in dreams again with me;It seems like your Mommy is there again,And the old folks were strummin' that old refrain.
Way down in Missouri where I learned this lullaby,When the stars were blinkin' and the moon was climbin' high,Seems I hear voices low, as in days long agoSingin' hush a-bye.
Missouri Compromise Statehood
James Monroe is President of the United States when Missouri becomes a state
Alexander McNair is Missouris first Governor
http://www.50states.com/songs/mo.htmWritten by James Royce Shannon Music by John Valentine Eppel as arranged by Frederick Knight Logan