History of film photo s2011

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  1. 1. History of Film Photo
  2. 2. Camera Obscura
  3. 3. A room or a small building with no windows.There is one small hole in one wall and it is fitted with a lens.This projected an image from outside onto the opposite wall inside the room!However the image wasupside down. WHY?Light travels in a straight line and when some of the rays reflected from a bright subject pass through a small hole in thin material they do not scatter but cross and reform as an upside down image on a flat surface held parallel to the hole.(Is that a run-on sentence????)
  4. 4. The earliest mention of this type of device was by theChinesephilosopher Mo-Ti (5th century BC).Thats 2,500 Years Ago! Portable versions developed in the 1660s
  5. 5. Johann Heinrich Schulze 1725
  6. 7. In around the year 1725, this German anatomy professor discovered that by leaving a glass bottle filled withchalk ,silver chloride , andnitric acidby a window, the sunlight would turn the chemicals on the sunlight exposed side darker (due to the silver chloride) However, he could not figure out how to make the images (created by the silver chloride mixture and sunlight) remain permanent.
  7. 8. Carl Wilhelm Scheele 1777
  8. 10. Carl Scheele repeated Johanne Schulzes experiment in around 1777.He also noted the chemical reaction of light on silver compounds as well as other substances.Unlike Johanne Schulze, Scheelediscovered that ammonia would dissolve the silver chloride andleave an image intact.
  9. 11. First Printed Photographs1816-1840
  10. 12. Worlds Oldest Photo Sold to the French National Library in 2002
    • The image of an engraving depicting a man leading a horse was made in1825 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce , who invented a technique known as heliography.
  11. 13. But It Doesnt Look Like a Photo?!?!
    • Philippe Garner, who was in charge of the sale for the auctioneers Sotheby's, in Paris said: "If you look at this, it might not first be recognized as what we call today a photograph.
    • "And in fact, it is printed ink on paper.
    • "The crucial stage in creating this plate, however, is the etching by the action of light on light-sensitive chemicals of a metal plate which is then used as the printing plate."
  12. 14. 1826 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce A Heliograph (Sun Drawing) created with an 8 hour exposure. "View from the Window at Le Gras"
  13. 15. Louis Jaques Mande Daguerre 1835-1837
  14. 17. Louis Jacques-Mande Daguerre in 1837 "LAtelier de lartiste"
  15. 18. Louis Jacques-Mande Daguerre in 1838
  16. 19.
    • This is one of the oldest known photograph of a human being in existence. It depends on how one defines photograph, but this was taken by LouisJacques-Mande Daguerre in 1838 . This is a photo of the Boulevard du Temple in Paris. This is a busy street and there was a lot of traffic, but since the exposure was so long, about 15-20 minutes, none of the moving figures can be seen. The only people visible are a guy getting his boots polished and the bootblack.
  17. 20. Louis Daguerre exposedsilver coated copper platestoiodine , which obtained silver iodide.He then exposed the plates tolightfor several minutes.He then coated the plate withmercury vaporwhich was heated to 75C to adhere the mercury with the silver.He then fixed the image insalt water . These Daguerreotypes were the earliest type of photograph that was commercially available to the public. Very popular during the late 1840s to the early 1850s.Rarely made after the 1860s.
  18. 21. 1840's Coldwater Hotel Coldwater, Michigan Daguerreotype photo of a hotel located near the Coldwater River and Sauk Trail.
  19. 22. 1840
  20. 23. Robert Cornelius 1839 First Self Portrait
  21. 24. William Henry Fox Talbot 1835-1841
  22. 26. William Talbot created a photographic process called aCalotype . He first made an exposure on paper that was treated with silver compounds which produced anegative image .This paper with a negative image was than placed over another sheet of paper that was treated with silver compounds.This paper sandwich was then exposed to bright light which produced apositive imageon that second sheet of paper. Our first photo assignment in FILM PHOTOGRAPHY will be making Calotypes!
  23. 27. Flowers, Leaves, and StemOak Tree in Winter18381842
  24. 28. Solar Photo-Micrograph, Transverse Section Stem 1839
  25. 29. Frederick Scott Archer 1851
  26. 31. In around 1851 Frederick Archer introduced theCollodianwet-plate photographic process. A clean glass plate had to be evenly coated with a substance called collodian.While still damp, the plate had to be dipped into a silver nitrate solution, then inserted into the camera, and then exposed.It was then developed immediately and then allowed to dry.
  27. 32. How to take and make photographsby the wet plate Collodian process | Video
  28. 33. Kenilworth: Caesar's Tower from the Inner CourtEarly 1850's
  29. 34. Rochester Cathedral, Castle, and Bridge 1850-1859
  30. 35. Mathew Brady 1861-1865
  31. 37. Civil War Photographer He employedAlexander Gardner ,James Gardner ,Timothy H. O'Sullivan ,William Pywell ,George N. Barnard ,Thomas C. Roche , and seventeen other men, each of whom was given a traveling darkroom,to go out and photograph the Civil War.
  32. 38. Lincoln and his Commanders 1863
  33. 40. The Devils Den
  34. 42. Timothy OSullivan 1861-1869
  35. 43. Civil War Photographer 1861-1865
  36. 44. Dead Boy at FredericksburgDecember 1862
  37. 45. Harvest of Death 1863
  38. 46. Official Photographer on the U.S. Geological Exploration 1867-1869 He photographed the west to attract settlers.
  39. 47. Mojave MenSouthwest Indian1871
  40. 48. Black CanyonColorado River1871
  41. 49. Shoshone FallsSnake River, Idaho1874
  42. 50. Will Soule 1869-1874
  43. 51. Native American Photographerat Fort Sill Oklahoma
  44. 52. Scalped Hunter Near Fort Dodge, KansasDecember 7, 1868
  45. 53. Lone bear, Kiowa1868
  46. 54. Native American silversmith from Navajo tribe sitting with his wares. 1870
  47. 55. Asa-to-yet, Native American Comanche chief, sitting with arms crossed & gun in hand. 1870
  48. 56. William Henry Jackson mid 1800s - early 1900s
  49. 58. High Bridge in Loop, Colorado 1828
  50. 59. Photographer for the U.S. Geological Survey during1871 He photographed the west to attract settlers.
  51. 60. Liberty CapMammoth Hot Springs YNP1871
  52. 61. The Beehive Group of GeysersYellowstone Park
  53. 62. Tower FallsYellowstone National Park1892
  54. 63. Late 1880s. Flexible film was created to replace the heavy glass plates
  55. 64. The Kodak Brownie(1900, 1952-1967 )
  56. 66. Jacob Riis late 1880s-1890s
  57. 67. Famous for recording the poverty in New York City Streets
  58. 68. Five Cents LodgingBayard Street1889
  59. 69. Children sleeping in Mulberry Street1890
  60. 70. Minding Baby1890
  61. 71. Young Boys Asleep In Street
  62. 72. Edward Curtis1895-early 1900s
  63. 73. Native American Photographer
  64. 74. Two Hopi girls sit on the ground eating melons 1900
  65. 75. Zuni Girl with Jar1903
  66. 76. Chief Red Hawk Sioux1905
  67. 77. Qahatika Indian Girl 1907
  68. 78. Crows Heart - Mandan 1908
  69. 79. White Man Runs Him Crow Scout for Custer 1908
  70. 80. Plenty Coups 1908
  71. 81. Clarence White late 1890s - early 1900s
  72. 82. In 1914 he opened up his own School of Photography.He photographed simple subjects and tried to focus on mood and romanticism.His main subjects were women and children.
  73. 83. The Orchard 1905
  74. 84. Morning 1908
  75. 86. Frances Benjamin Johnston 1890s-1920s
  76. 87. One of the earliest female photographers.Around 1900, she spent time at Hampton Institute in Hampton Virginia photographing African Americans while they were learning trades.
  77. 88. Cooking Class1899
  78. 89. Stairway of the Treasurer's Residence, Students at Work, The Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia . 1899-1900.
  79. 90. Tuskegee History Class 1902
  80. 91. 1900
  81. 92. Alfred Stieglitzlate 1890s- early 1930s
  82. 93. The Founding Father of Photographic Art
  83. 94. GEORGIA OKEEFFE 1918 1930
  84. 95. Icy Night1893
  85. 96. A bit of Venice1894
  86. 97. Edward Weston1903-1948
  87. 98. Precise and Sharp presentation of Still Life's and Landscapes
  88. 99. Shell 1927
  89. 100. Cypress Point Lobos1929
  90. 101. Cabbage Leaf 1931
  91. 102. Edward Steichen1905 1950s
  92. 103. Director of Arial photography during WWI, Naval Photo Institute Director during WWII, and Fashion Photographer
  93. 105. After Attack 1918
  94. 106. Gloria Swanson 1924
  95. 107. Kendall Lee 1925
  96. 108. Greta Garbo1928
  97. 109. Lewis Hineearly 1904-1930s
  98. 110. He photographed social issues and things that needed to be changed.such as The Great Depression and Child Labor.
  99. 111. Cotton Mill spinner1909
  100. 114. Power House Mechanic Working on Steam Pump 1920
  101. 115. Construction of the Empire State Building1930 -1931
  102. 116. Charles Clyde Ebbets
    • Construction of the Rockefeller Center or
    Lunch BreakRockefeller Center Construction1932
  103. 117. 1913 35mm Black and White film was created
  104. 118. Dorothea Lange early 1920s-1950s
  105. 119. Famous for her photographs of the Great Depression
  106. 120. Migrant Mother 1936 Migrant Mother"
  107. 121. Men walking tow