History homework club is - .History homework club is ... industrialisation of Britain allowed ...
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Haslingden High School
Humanities Faculty HISTORY HOMEWORK
Year 8 Block B
Subject Teacher: _______________________________
Date Given: ____________ Date to Hand in:___________
History homework club is __________________
THIS PAGE IS FOR CLOSE THE GAP ONCE THE BOOK IS MARKED
DONT DO THIS PAGE FOR HOMEWORK.
What was the area you could have improved?
How could you have improved?
Correct your work in this space:
The Victorian Age
In the last term, you have learned a lot about the period called the Industrial Revolution. It was a time when the United Kingdom started to modernize and to become more like it is today. Huge buildings such
as factories were constructed, smoke filled the skies and new forms of transport were used. The industrialisation of Britain allowed people the time, money and transport to enjoy holidays and entertainment as we do today.
Over the next few pages you are going to learn about some of the main ways that the everyday lives of Victorian people changed.
This booklet should take you around 3 hours to complete. Therefore you cannot do it all on one
night. You should start it on the first night that you receive it and do part each day through the
TASK 1 This is a list of key words to learn for a spelling test when you come back to school with
this booklet. It should take about 30 minutes.
TASK 2 This is about the railways in Victorian England. This should take you about 30 minutes.
TASK 4 This is about football in Victorian England. This should take you about 30 minutes.
ASSESSED TASK The assessed task is the most important part of the booklet. It should take
you about 60 to 90 minutes. It should certainly NOT take less than 1 hour to do a proper job. If
you finish it much more quickly, you should read it again to check that you have fully answered the
On ______________________ there will be a homework club in B27. This will be where history teachers are waiting to help you with the homework. If you want to attend, turn up between 3 and
4 so that we can give you support.
If you cannot make Thursday for some reason, speak to your history teacher about another time that you can ask for help if you are stuck.
TASK 1 - Key Words Use this page to test how good you are at spelling the key words about Victorian Britain.
1) Look at the spellings and try to memorise them.
2) Fold the page in half along the dotted line.
3) In the space provided try to write the words out again from memory try not to look! If you struggle to
remember all the words, try testing yourself using 4 words at a time.
4) Check your spellings and correct any mistakes.
TASK 2 - The Railways
The Victorian age was the greatest period of the railways in Britain. The railways almost completely wiped
out all other forms of transport and made long distance travel possible for large numbers of people for the very first time. Every important town in the UK got its first railway station
These engravings are taken from the Illustrated London News, 22nd May 1847. They show first, second and third class passengers traveling to the horses races at Epsom. They tell us a great deal not just about transport, but Victorian people in general. Look carefully at the pictures below and then answer the
questions that follow.
First class train carriage:
Second class train carriage:
Third class train carriage:
Answer the questions that follow in the spaces provided
1. How many differences can you see between the railway carriages that the different classes of
2. What do you think was the artist's opinion of the people in first class and why?
3. What do you think was the artist's opinion of the people in third class and why?
4. The source is a cartoon from a newspaper. The newspaper was written for rich people in London. Can you think of any reasons why a historian should be careful using it? A good answer will mention the type
of source, where it was published and one other aspect.
5. In what ways do you think the railways changed life and towns in Britain?
TASK 3 - Football
The railways were to make a huge difference to the leisure activities of the Victorians. Not only were there opportunities for holidays, but sporting events also grew in popularity. Special trains and trips were run to take people to the races, cricket matches or the FA Cup Final, which was held for the first time in 1872.
In 1888 the Football League was founded. This was made up of professional teams, for the first time players were paid a regular wage. 5 out of 12 of the founder members of the league were from this area
(Accrington, Bolton, Blackburn, Burnley and Preston) It would have been impossible for the first teams to have travelled to play away matches without regular trains. Before the development of railways it would have taken a full day to travel from places like Manchester to London. So the railways were very important
in the development of professional football in Britain
As you can see, the railways brought people closer together.
Imagine if you were Liverpool playing Arsenal in London before the railways, can you see how long it would take you?
Railways not only helped teams and fans follow their teams around the country, but they also transported newspapers. This meant that you didnt have to wait days after the match to find
out the latest scores!
Look at the picture below.
Answer the questions that are on the next page
1. List the differences between Victorian Footballers (use the photograph) and those of today.
2. What does the source suggest about the popularity of football in the Victorian age?
Explain using evidence from the source.
3. Explain what impact the railways had on leisure activities such as watching sport.
ASSESSED TASK What was it like in a Victorian mine?
This piece of work is the piece that will mainly lead to the grade that you receive for this piece of work.
You need to complete the work carefully and to the best of your ability.
You will need to read the sources and the key information carefully.
This is a list of deaths from a burial
register of Radstock, a mining town
Frederick William Bond, age 12.
Head fractured by a kick from a
horse in Clandon Coal Pit.
William Bourne, age 9.
Killed by falling down Ludlow coal
pit 24 fathoms (37 metres)
26thy November 1824
George Chappel, age 8
Killed by falling down Ludlow coal
John Ashman, age 11
Killed by falling down the Tyning
Joseph Parfitt, age 9
Killed by bad air in a coal pit
This is from a report made by a royal commission into
mines. It started in 1840, and 24 investigators travelled
the country interviewing men, women and children in the
mines. It was printed in 1842 and filled 3 huge books.
A coal bearer, 11 years old
I go down with the women at 5 in the morning and come up
at 5 at night. I carry the large bits of coal from the wall face
to the pit bottom. It is some weight to carry. The roof is very
low. I have to bend my back and legs and the water comes
frequently up to the calves of my legs. I have no liking for
the work. Father makes me like it. Never got hurt, but I was
obliged (forced) to scramble out of the pit when the bad air
A pump boy, 10 years old
I pump out the water in the under bottom of the pit to keep
the coal face dry. I am obliged to pump fast or the water
would cover me. I had to run away a few weeks ago as the
water came up so fast that I could not pump at all. The
water frequently covers my legs. I have been two years at
the pump. I am paid 10d (10 pennies) a day. No holiday but
the Sabbath. I go down at 3, sometimes 5 in the morning, and come up at 6 or 7 at night.
Many mine owners were worred about the report on mines (source 2). If the government decided to
stop mines employing children, they would lose money.
One man who owned many mines in the north-east of England was the Marquess of Londonderry.
In 1842, he gave a speech to Parliament. This is a part of his speech.
The commissioners who investigated the mines were expecting to find problems. They were not fair in
how they investigated. They spoke to the children and asked them questions in a way which made the
answers sound bad. They asked boys who are trouble-causers and girls who are ignorant and didnt
understand the questions.
Conditions in the mines are fine.