Historic Preservation and Aging in Place PRESERVING PEOPLE, PRESERVING PLACE

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Transcript of Historic Preservation and Aging in Place PRESERVING PEOPLE, PRESERVING PLACE

Preserving People, Preserving Place

Historic Preservation and Aging in PlacePreserving People, Preserving Place

the place can benefit from your presenceYou find a good place, you want to stay

3People contribute, nurture, protect , develop relationships Percentage of people age 60+ who want to remain in their current residence and are confident they will be able to afford to do soUnweighted N=4,272Weighted N=918,078Unweighted N=4,509Weighted N=973,489

Disagree5%Agree*94%

VeryConfident61%Not VeryConfident**39%Neither/DK/RF1%We asked respondents whether they agree or disagree with the following statement: What Id really like to do is stay in my current residence for as long as possible.For people who answered agree we calculated the percentage of adults age 60+ who were very confident/not very confident that they will be able to afford to live in their current residence for as long as they would like.*Agree includes those who said Strongly agree or Somewhat agree.**Not Very Confident includes those who said Somewhat confident, Not too confident, Not confident at all, Dont know, or Refused.

Figure 2.1, Indiana Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008 Excludes Area 2 (Elkhart, Kosciusko, LaPorte, Marshall & St. Joseph Counties) which was surveyed in 2006.NORC = naturally occurring retirement communitya community that was not originally designed forseniors, but that has a large proportion of residents who are older adults (at least 60 years old). These communities are not created to meet the needs of seniorsliving independentlyin their homes, but rather evolve naturally, as adult residents age in place.So what helps people stay put? Stable employment/incomeMobility options availableStrong and stable social/familial relationshipsAccess to servicesEmotional attachmentFinancial/personal investmentA home that works over timeChanges to your home that allow you to remain independent, prevent accidents, and increase the safety and convenience of your home

Home modifications

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32-259This is one of the examples of an inexpensive modification. A clothespin over a stove knob makes the knobs easier to operate. In addition to the clothes pin one may want to mark the off position with red fingernail polish to help those with failing eyesight to locate it easier. The need is huge A million Hoosiers with wide range of disabilities167,000 Hoosiers with visual disabilities172,000 Hoosiers with hearing disabilities548,000 Hoosiers have difficulty walking, using stairs45,000 Hoosiers use wheelchairs140,000 Hoosiers use canes, walkers, crutches190,000 Hoosiers with ADL limitations390,000 Hoosiers with disability-related housework limitation485,000 Hoosiers with disability-related employment limitation 8 of 10 deaths were persons over age 65With hip fractures:24% die within one year50% return to prior level of independence

In U.S. 9,600 deaths from falls in the homeYet, 1/3 of these accidents can be prevented by home modification. Percentage of householders age 60+ in housing units with home modification needs*Unweighted N=667Weighted N=147,283Unweighted N=4,509Weighted N=973,489

One or more modification needed15%No modifications needed85%

Planning to modify79%Not planning to modify*People were asked whether their current residence needs any significant repairs, modifications, or changes to improve their ability to live there over the next five years.*People who said that their homes need modification were asked if they plan to make the change over the next five years.

Figure 3.1, IndianaNote: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.17%4%DK/RF

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008 Excludes Area 2 (Elkhart, Kosciusko, LaPorte, Marshall & St. Joseph Counties) which was surveyed in 2006.146,00019,000Type of modification needed

Cosmetic/minor repairsBetter cooling in the summerAccommodations for disabilitiesStructural changes/ major repairsBathroom modificationMedical emergency response systemFix problem with insects/rodentsOtherBetter heating in the winterFigure 3.2, Indiana

Unweighted N=4,509Weighted N=973,489

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008 Excludes Area 2 (Elkhart, Kosciusko, LaPorte, Marshall & St. Joseph Counties) which was surveyed in 2006.8,7605,840Addin on: Accessory Dwelling Units Housing for Aging in Place

Technical Assistance/PlansSmall grants to purchase consultationWorkshops and videosWage subsidies for eligible employeesProduced 75 ADUs in two years!

Santa Cruz, CA

Startin from Scratch

Movin on Up!

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ELDER-CENTRIC VILLAGE MOVEMENTEnvironments for Aging 2011 | March 22, 2011#2011 Morrison Kattman Menze, Inc.Think of a small town you are familiar with, and then think of a typical CCRC.Cities like Kendallville, IN (Pop = 10,000) have no choice BUT to embrace themselves as an environment for aging.The scale is eerily similar, the density and diversity is not.30Accessible bldg. designShopping w/in close proximityDrugstores, grocery, & hospitals in close proximityRecreation opportunitiesSafe, well-designed sidewalks Complete StreetsDesign on a human scaleProvide choicesMixed-use developmentPreserve urban centersVibrant public spacesProtect environmentalresourcesConserve landscapesDesign matters Livable Communities

AARP Livable CommunitiesAIA Principles for Livable Communities 2012 Age2Age

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So what policies and actions are needed for this?Housing:Existing built/natural assetsSocial capital and political willFinancial incentivesZoning ordinance revisionsDemonstrate marketFor profit and not for profit community development activities that promote the above features will have access to financial incentives that may include the following:

Targeted HUD funding (HOME, CDBG, etc.)Tax abatementsTax credits for service employees living in the zoneHousing trust funds, Historic Tax creditsFee waivers (permits, tie-ons, etc.)Low interest loans and grantsParking waiversDensity bonusesTargeted services and vendor discountsLot size waiversStreet vacation (street to path)Specialized zoningCommunity land trust propertiesDownpayment assistance programLocation efficient mortgages Design assistance Efficient development reviewTax increment retention for the districtReal Estate transfer taxGrants Alternative currencies (e.g. Time Bank)Municipal bonds Marketing and promotional support

Every human community, if it is to last, must exert a kind of centripetal force, holding local soil and local memory in place.

Wendell Berry

Contact informationPhilip B. Stafford, Ph.D.Director, Center on Aging & Community, Indiana Institute on Disability and CommunityIndiana University1905 N. Range RoadBloomington, IN [email protected]

www.lifetimecommunities.org

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