Hindus celebrations and festivals Taylan Sharmah Citrine Class Year 2

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Transcript of Hindus celebrations and festivals Taylan Sharmah Citrine Class Year 2

  • Slide 1
  • Hindus celebrations and festivals Taylan Sharmah Citrine Class Year 2
  • Slide 2
  • Hinduism is the third largest world religion with about 900 million Hindus worldwide. They celebrate many festivals and celebrations. I have written about the festival: Vishu beacause it is in the month I was born April. I have listed other festivals too.
  • Slide 3
  • Vishu Vishu (Malayalam: ) is a Hindu festival celebrated in Kerala. It falls around 14 April of the Gregorian year. Vishu is considered a festival of light and fireworks, ] and decorating lights and bursting of firecrackers (Vishupadakkam) is part of the celebration. ] Other elements of Vishu include buying of new clothes (Puthukodi) for the occasion, the tradition of giving money called Vishukkaineetam, and the Vishu feast or Sadya, which consist of equal proportions of salty, sweet, sour and bitter items. The most important event in Vishu is the Vishukkani, which literally means "the first thing seen on the day of Vishu after waking up". The Vishukkani consists of a ritual arrangement of auspicious articles intended to signify prosperity, including rice, fruits and vegetables, betel leaves, arecanut, metal mirror, yellow flowers called konna (Cassia fistula), holy texts and coins, usually in the prayer room of the house. This is arranged the night before Vishu and is the first sight seen on Vishu. On Vishu, devotees often visit temples like Sabarimala Ayyappan Temple or Guruvayur Sree Krishna temple to have a 'Vishukkani Kazhcha' (viewing) in the early hours of the day.
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  • Makar SankrantiMakar Sankranti or PongalPongal Pongal is one of the most popular harvest festivals of southern India, mainly Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Pongal happens in the middle of January every year and marks the auspicious beginning of Uttarayan (sun's journey northwards). The Pongal festival lasts for four days. Celebrations include a drawing of Kolam, swinging & the cooking of delicious Pongal. This day coincides with Makara Sankranti.Makara Sankranti
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  • Vasant Panchami Vasant Panchami (also called Saraswati Puja by Bengalis, Oriyas and Biharis) is celebrated for the blessing of Saraswati, goddess of wisdom and the arts.
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  • ThaipusamThaipusam or KavadiKavadi Thaipusam is a Hindu festival celebrated mostly by the Tamil community. The word Thaipusam is derived from the Tamil month name Thai and Pusam, which refers to a star near the location of the moon during the festival. The festival commemorates the occasion when Parvati gave Murugan a spear so he could vanquish the evil demon Soorapadman. Kavadi Attam (Tamil: ) is a dance performed by the devotees during the ceremonial worship of Murugan, the Tamil God of War. It is often performed during the festival of Thaipusam and emphasises debt bondage. The Kavadi itself is a physical burden through which the devotees implore for help from the God Murugan.
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  • Maha Shivaratri Maha Shivaratri is the great night of Shiva, during which followers of Shiva observe religious fasting and the offering of Bael (Bilva) leaves to Shiva.
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  • Holi Holi or Phagwah is a popular spring festival. Holi commemorates the slaying of the demoness Holika by Lord Vishnu's devotee Prahlad. Thus, the festival's name is derived from the Sanskrit words "Holika Dahanam", which literally mean "Holika's slaying"
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  • Shigmo Shigmo is celebrated in Goa as one of the prominent festivals of the Konkani Hindu community.
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  • Vasant Navratri Navratri is the Hindu festival of worship and dance. In Sanskrit the term literally means "nine nights". During this festival the forms of Shakti are worshipped, and effigies are burned. Navratri is the Hindu festival of worship and dance. In Sanskrit the term literally means "nine nights". During this festival the forms of Shakti are worshipped, and effigies are burned.
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  • Rama Navami Rama Navami is the celebration of the birth of Rama.
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  • Gudi Padwa Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of the Chaitra month, and is celebrated as New Year's Day by Marathis and the Konkanis. According to the Brahma Purana, this is the day on which Brahma created the world. The date keeps changing every year in the month of march.
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  • Ugadi Ugadi (meaning "the start of an era" in Kannada) is New Year's Day for the Kannadigas and Telugus. It takes place on the same day as Gudi Padwa.
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  • Hanuman Jayanti Hanuman Jayanti is the celebration of the birth of Hanuman, Rama's loyal devotee.
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  • Mahalakshmi Vrata Mahalakshmi Vrata is a puja performed by married Hindu women to seek the blessings of Mahalakshmi, goddess of wealth and prosperity.
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  • Onam The festival commemorates the Vamana avatar of Vishnu and the subsequent homecoming of the legendary Emperor Mahabali. It falls during the month of Chingam (AugustSeptember) and lasts for ten days. The festival is marked by various festivities, including intricate flower carpets, elaborate banquet lunches, snake boat races, Onappottan, Kaazhchakkula in Guruvayoor, Puli Kali, Kaikottikkali etc. These festivities make Onam a unique festival on the earth which is embellished by most number of cultural elements and it can be undoubtedly said that these elements constitute the colorfulness, diversity and richness that no other festival can claim. On Onam day people conduct special prayers in Hindu temples. Although Prayers in Hindu temples are important part of the festival, non-Hindus are not allowed to enter temples.
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  • Krishna Janmaashtami Krishna Janmaashtami is the Hindu festival celebrating the birth of Krishna. It is actually called as Krishna Jayanthi. The date falls not only on the eight day of the waning moon of Bhadrapad, but always on Rohini Nakshatra.