Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Training for Professional Truck Drivers
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Highway-Rail Grade CrossingTraining for Professional Truck Drivers
Presented by Operation Lifesaver
P R O V I D E D I N T H E I N T E R E S T O F S A F E T Y
S T A Y A L I V E W H E N Y O U D R I V E
Table of ContentsProfessional Truck Drivers Guide
1420 King Street,Suite 401Alexandria, Virginia22314-2750
T 1-800-537-6224P 703-739-0308F 703-519-8267W www.oli.org
Stay Alive When You Drive a DVD produced for Operation Lifesaver, Inc., by Big Picture
Printed materials designed by Marquis Graphic Design Associates
I N T R O D U C T I O N ........................................................................................................................ 1Target AudienceOperation LifesaverGoal of TrainingU.S. Rail Incident StatisticsVideo Notes
S I X S T E P S F O R T R U C K D R I V E R S A F E T Y ............................................................. 2Crossing a Highway-Rail Grade Crossing
R E V I E W P R O C E D U R E S AT H I G H W AY- R A I L C R O S S I N G S .......................... 3Five Safety ProceduresBefore Resuming Travel
S I G N S A N D S I G N A L S AT H I G H W AY- R A I L G R A D E C R O S S I N G S ...............4-5Passive Signs at Railroad CrossingsSigns in Advance of Railroad CrossingsActive Signal Devices at Railroad Crossings
S P E C I A L P R O C E D U R E S ......................................................................................................... 6Police Officer or Flagman at the CrossingPlanning a Safe RouteStorage (Containment) AreasWatch Your Trucks OverhangHazmat VehiclesPlan Ahead to Avoid an Emergency
R E A L I N C I D E N T S L E S S O N S L E A R N E D ................................................................... 7Bourbonnais, ILPortage, INSan Francisco, CACrescent, IABrighton, IL
C O M M E R C I A L D R I V E R D I S Q U A L I F I C AT I O N S ........................................................ 8Specific RegulationsSafety Statistics
P R O F E S S I O N A L T R U C K D R I V E R S A F E T Y Q U I Z .................................................... 9
S T A Y A L I V E W H E N Y O U D R I V E 1
TA R G E T A U D I E N C EOperation Lifesaver worked with our safety part-ners in the trucking industry to develop this train-ing video for professional drivers. This program isgeared to increase driver awareness of the poten-tial dangers at highway-rail grade crossings.Several situations that result in tragedy arereviewed to help drivers make decisions that couldsave their lives and the lives of others at highway-rail grade crossings.
O P E R AT I O N L I F E S AV E R , I N C .Stay Alive When You Drive, created forprofessional truck drivers, joins a number of train-ing videos developed by Operation Lifesaver Inc.(OLI). OLI is a non-profit, public education andsafety outreach program dedicated to endingcollisions, deaths and injuries at highway-railgrade crossings and along railroad rights-of-way.
A certified presenter is available for free to speakto driver training classes to reinforce these safetymaterials for truck drivers. Operation Lifesaverpresenters also give safety talks to communitygroups, school bus drivers, students and youngdrivers to raise awareness about railroad safety.Locate your states Operation Lifesaver coordina-tor online at www.oli.org.
G O A LOur goal is to assist drivers and driver trainers aswe work together to eliminate tragedies at thecrossings by explaining the potential dangers andhow to avoid them.
U . S . R A I L I N C I D E N T S TAT I S T I C SThe most recent vehicle-train and pedestrian-trainstatistics are available at the Operation Lifesaverwebsite:www.oli.org/statistics/statistics_overview.htm. This information comes from the Federal RailroadAdministration, which is mandated by Congress tocollect it from the railroads. The results can beofficially reported up to 90 days after a collision.
Stay Alive When You Drive,Professional Driver Training Video NotesStay Alive When You Drive, a training video developed by OperationLifesaver Inc., in cooperation with professional truck drivers and therailroad industry, provides important safety tips for drivers.
The video recognizes the enormous responsibilities faced byOperation Lifesavers partners who operate 18-wheel vehicles,extended vans and everything in between.
Divided into six scenarios, this 14-minute, fast-paced videoincludes several truck-train crashes that illustrate the high stakesdrivers face at crossings.
1. Stay Alive When You Drive Introductiona Trains = 12 million pounds coming your wayb Illusion: trains are moving slowly.c It takes a mile or more to stop a train = 18 football fields.
2. Should You Stay or Should You Go?a 15 50 Rule tells you where to stop.b Watch for Advance warnings, pavement markings, crossbuck.c You make the judgment; make it well.
3. Double Visiona Real challenge: multiple tracksb Know the length of your trailer and cab.c Add 15 feet when estimating length.
4. Low Ridera Dont get caught on a high profile/hump crossing.b Know your under clearance: between the bottom of truck
and rail.c Remember to raise your trailer jack/dolly legs before moving.d Forgetting to bring up trailer legs can hang up truck at crossing.
5. Crossroadsa To avoid a collision, follow signal of rail/police flagman.b If truck has a hazmat placard, it must stop at crossings.c Trains overhang the tracks by at least 3 feet on both sides.
6. If Youre Stuck on the Tracksa GET OUT of your vehicle.b Use the phone number from the Emergency Notification sign
at the railroad crossing to call to alert the railroad. If you donthave the number, call local police or 911.
7 Born to Be Wilda In bad weather, the wind can mask the sounds of train horns.b Take extra care to look and listen for trains in a storm.c Oversized loads require extra planning and smooth crossings.
8 Conclusion Lets never cross paths!a You earn the title Professional Driver every day of the year.b Maintain your role in the nations transportation system by
following the safety tips in this training and yourorganizations training materials.
L O O K , L I S T E N & L I V E2
Warning Signs & DevicesSix Steps for Truck Driver Safety
C R O S S I N G A H I G H W AY- R A I L G R A D E C R O S S I N G
STEP 1 Approach with Care
Prepare to Stop a Roll Down Window b Listen for a Train
a Open Windows and Doorsb Look Both Ways Carefullyc Look and Listen for the Train
a If necessary, Rock Back and Forth to see aroundpillars, posts, buildings, trees, etc.
STEP 2 Turn Off Radio and Fan
STEP 3 Look and Listen for Train STEP 4 Do a Double Take
STEP 5 Stop no closer than 15 feet fromthe crossing
STEP 6 GO! Cross with Care
S T A Y A L I V E W H E N Y O U D R I V E 3
F I V E S A F E T Y P R O C E D U R E S
When you see an AdvanceWarning sign, it alerts you to arailroad crossing ahead. It is timeto begin to slow your vehicle, soyou will be able to stop if a trainis approaching.
While slowing or stopped, look and listen care-fully in each direction for the sight and soundof a train.
Never shift on a railroad crossing to avoid therisk of stalling on the tracks.
Check for traffic around you before you startto move towards a crossing. Use a pull-outlane, if one is available. Turn on your flashers,if necessary to warn traffic that you are slow-ing down or stopping at the crossing.
Dont start across until you know you can crossthe tracks completely without stopping.
B E F O R E R E S U M I N G T R AV E L
Take a quick look in both directions before youstart your rig across.
If there is a traffic signal or a stop sign acrossthe tracks, make certain traffic will not trapyou on the crossing.
Before you cross, plan to have 15 feet clear-ance between your ICC (rear) bumper of yourtruck and the farthest rail. This will preventyour trucks overhang from getting hit.
If there are flashing lights and gates at thecrossing, stop when the lights start to flash.Wait until the lights stop flashing and thegates go completely up.
If there is no gate, but warning lights areflashing, you will be required to stop, thencan proceed when it is safe to do so.
If the warning lights at the crossing begin toflash after you have started across the trackswith your rig, keep going. Do not back up.
Review Procedures at Highway-Rail Crossings
L O O K , L I S T E N & L I V E4
Signs and Signals at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings
PA S S I V E S I G N S AT R A I L R O A DC R O S S I N G SPassive signs (not electronic) and Active trafficcontrol devices (gates, lights, bells) are installedalong the roads near the railroad tracks to regulate,warn and guide traffic. They alert drivers to thepresence of railroad tracks and to the possibilityof an approaching train.
These signs and signal devices also provide asafety message and remind the driver of thelaws regarding highway-rail grade crossings.What follows is a list of various signs and devicesthat you will encounter.
1. The CROSSBUCK sign appears on the right-hand side, prior to the railroad tracks. It hastwo white boards with the words: RAILROADCROSSING. It marks the crossing and should beconsidered the same as a YIELD sign.
You will see crossings with different combina-tions of signage: a crossbuck with a stop signattached below, where you are required tostop. At some crossings you will see a crossbuckpaired with a yield sign. Trains then go, if it isclear. I