Heros & villains of the great crises of

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A summary of Peter Jonson's Great Crises of Capitalism, available from Connor Court Publishing

Transcript of Heros & villains of the great crises of

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2. Key points
Capitalism is like democracy not perfect but the best economic system ever devised
Capitalism has delivered great wealth but also dangerous financial crises
Financial crises might weaken or destroy capitalism strangling the golden goose
We need more sensible regulation
Individuals need to play the ups and downs
Now meet the heroes and villians of capitalism
3. Adam Smith capitalisms philosopher
4. Charles MacKay
His famous book: Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds.
The Tulipomania, Holland, 1636.
The Mississippi Bubble, France, 1720
The South Sea Bubble, England, 1720
Nobody seemed to imagine that the nation itself was as cupable as the South-Sea company. Nobody blamed the credulity and avarice of the people, - the degrading lust of gain, which had swallowed up every nobler quality of the national character, or the infatuation which had made the multitude run their heads with such frantic eagerness into the net held out to them by scheming projectors.
5. John Law
The inventor of paper money, created the Mississippi Bubble, France 1720, which was part of the destruction of the French Empire.
6. Sir John Blunt
Orchestrated the South Sea Bubble, London, 1720.
7. Duke of Wellington, Battle of Waterloo, 1815
It was damned close run thing, but England defeated France at the battle of Waterloo, with help from the Prussians.
Britain became the global superpower.
8. Nathan Rothschild
Helped fund Wellingtons campaign, then when the war ended converted gold to British bonds and made a financial killing.
Rothschild family cracked the code to create and maintain intergenerational wealth.
9. The Age of Innovation, 1816 1914
Stevensons Rocket, new inventions, new industries, new lands, all controlled by the Bank of England and the Gold Standard.
10. US & UK Share prices 1800 to 1914
11. Marvellous Melbournes Astonishing Property boom and bust
Gold discovered in 1851; massive development boom, land boom of heroic proportion, deep depression followed.
Big question: is 1850 equivalent to 1980?
Melbourne Property Prices 1874 to 1909
12. Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
Described WWI was a leap in the dark, and a roll of the iron dice.
13. John Maynard Keynes
Economic Consequences of the Peace
The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money
14. Charles Mitchell his role in the Great Depression
15. Sir Winston Churchill
Rescued modern capitalism in the final battle for Europe. The two World Wars bankrupted the UK, while establishing the USA as the new global superpower.
16. Sir Winston Churchill
The USA insisted after WWII that the US dollar become the global currency. But the USA has a mixed record as an economic manager, and its role is being challenged by China.
17. President Lyndon Johnson
Fought wars on Communism in Vietnam and on Poverty in the USA.
Most responsible for great inflation of the 1970s
18. Milton Friedman
Inflation is always an everywhere a monetary phenomenon.
19. US Fed Chairman Paul Volcker
Slayed the dragon of inflation in USA in 1979 rest of capitalist world followed in due course
20. Asian miracles and the inevitable asset busts
Plus-Asian Crisis 1998
Russian Crisis
LTCM Crisis
21. Western Witchcraft the world wide web
... and a reprise of the Age of Innovation ...
... but where was the Bank of England?
22. The US exports asset bubbles to the world
US Fed Chief Alan Greenspan
Do not fight asset bubbles; but respond to asset busts by cutting interest rates almost to zero
23. US Fed Chief Ben Bernanke
Follows Mr. Greenspan ... Seeking help
24. The legacy of Messrs Greenspan and Bernanke
... and it aint over yet.
25. Messages for governments and central banks
We need less discretionary economic policies
Rules based, not inspired acts of discretion
Perhaps a modern version of the Gold Standard
China has endorsed such a change in conflict with USA
Fiscal policy needs reform not panic reaction
Bail out policy needs clear rules also
26. Messages for individuals and families
Do you wish to build and conserve wealth?
Study the history of boom & bust
Take an intergenerational view someone in each generation has to become expert
Be prepared to play the big swings in asset prices