HERBAL AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS. Herbal medicine also known as: Herbal medicine also known as:...

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Transcript of HERBAL AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS. Herbal medicine also known as: Herbal medicine also known as:...


  • HERBAL AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTSHerbal medicine also known as:Botanical medicinePhytotherapy Herbal medicine is used by 80% of the worlds population.More than 750 herbs are available on the market.About $ 5 billion a year is the cost of herbal medicine in the USA.Herb

  • HOW HERBS WORKSynergismPhytonutrientsAntioxidants

  • SYNERGISMThe action of more than one ingredient in the herbs produces specific therapeutic effects.Example: Tea tree oilHas many ingredientsEach ingredient by itself does not have a strong antimicrobial effect.But a combination of more than 8 ingredients in the oil produces antimicrobial ability.Due to this complexity in tea tree oil, microbes will have difficulties developing resistance. This is opposite of what we see in conventional medicine today. Microbes are getting resistant to antibiotics.

  • PHYTONUTRIENTSChemicals found in the plants that make them biologically active.They serve as defense mechanisms against insects.They are in groups that enhance the healing effect of each other.They are the source for:Plants colorPlants flavorPlants natural disease resistance

  • PHYTONUTRIENTSExample of phytonutrients:AlkaloidsBitter principlesCarbohydratesCarotenoidsEssential oilsFatty oilsGlycosidesIsoflavonesTannins

    See Textbook page 125 for properties and use/effects.

  • ANTIOXIDANTSGroup of:VitaminsMineralsEnzymesHerbsThey protect body from free radicalsFree radicals naturally occur in the body.Some of the oxygen molecules lose one pair of electrons as the body goes through normal process to fuel the body.Consequently, they attempt to use the extra oxygen from the other stable molecules.

  • PRODUCTION OF FREE RADICALSInternal sources:Oxygen consumptionEmotional stressStrenuous exercise

    External sources:Air pollutionCigarette smokeFactory exhaustCar exhaustPesticidesHerbicidesFood contaminantsChemotherapyRadiation

  • ANTIOXIDANTSControl the free radicals.They act as free radicals scavengers.We produce less antioxidants as we age.Dietary antioxidants are advised as we age or become ill.

  • ANTIOXIDANTSSources of AntioxidantsVitamin CVitamin ECarotenoidsSeleniumFruits and vegetablesHerbs such as:BilberryGinkgoGrape seed extractGreen teaFruits and vegetables

  • SAFETYPlants were used safely in the past by our elders due to their knowledge and wisdom.The safety of uses is not clear today.Plants and herbs may interact with prescribed and over the counter (OTC) medications.So, it should be supervised by a practitioner knowledgeable in the field of integrative medicine.Nurse practitioners, knowledgeable in herbal medicine, can be excellent integrative practitioners to prescribe herbs and nutritional supplements.Please advise your patients to seek professional help.