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What is Photography?

Hello and welcome to

Beginners Photography workshop Today we are going to go over the basics of photography and try and answer some of those questions that can put you off!

Like when you hear something like this the composition is critical so the photographer can express the emotion on the subject with use of Symmetry by adjusting the F-stop to enhance the depth of field which emphasis the focal point of the image.

What are they talking about!!!!!NOW, unfortunately most of what you hear professional photographers talking about is necessary and most times vital to capturing a beautiful image.

So today I will try and explain as much as possible about the basics of photography.Now remember if you have question

Dont be afraid to ask What is Photography?{

Basically photography is a combination of visual imagination and design, craft skillsand practical organizing ability

Try not to become absorbed in the craft detailtoo soon. Begin by putting it into a perspective with a broad look at what making photographs is all about.

On the one hand there is the Machinery and techniques themselves. And on the other you have the variety of approaches to picture making.

Photography is a Medium- a vehicle for communicating facts or fictions and expressing ideas

It requires craftsmanship and artistic ability Technical knowledge is necessary if you want to to make full use of your tools and so work with confidence.

Knowing how-

Frees you to concentrate on What and Why( The photographs content and meaning)

Taking photographs calls for a mixture of.Carefully followed routines and craft skillsto control results

B) Creative decisions about subject matter and the intention of your picture Developing an eye for composition helps to simplify and strengthen the point of your picture. Learn from other photographers pictures.

But do Not let their ways of seeing get in the way of your own.

So we will start with the machinery of Photography Oh the Technology!DSLR, Megapixels, Image Stabilisation, Dust Reduction, Live View, Sensors, facial recognition..........

What does it all mean? (and why does it matter to me?)

14Types of Digital Cameras3 Main classifications

- Point and Shoot

- Prosumer or Bridge

- Digital SLR

15Point and Shoot digital Cameras (P&S)- Commonly referred to as consumer digital cameras.

- Represent probably 90% of all digital cameras on the market

- Typically small, compact and lightweight

- Targeted at broad majority

- Typically very User-Friendly

- Image Quality has improved drastically

16Prosumer or Bridge Digital CamerasCommon term used to describe advanced models of P&S(now also used to describe many entry level DSLR's)- Similar in shape and appearance to Digital SLR's- Typically have extended zoom range (8-12X Optical Equiv)

- Typically combine user friendly P&S features with more advanced manual features.

17Digital SLR (DSLR)SLR Stands for Single Lens Reflex

- Have larger sensors, resulting in greater image quality

- Tend to favor manual control, lacking many automatic settings found on P&S

- Much larger and heavier

- Ability to interchange system lenses

18So What is the REAL difference between a digital SLR and a point and shoot camera?

19The short answer is.....Image QualityBut Why?How can a 6 megapixel DSLR take a better picture than a 10 megapixel point and shoot?

Because Size Matters!

20How the digital sensor works- Each digital image is made from millions of tiny squares, known as pixels.

- Essentially, an image is recorded by tiny microlenses (pixels) which make up the cameras sensor


21All Pixels are not created equal!

-A digital sensor is essentially made up of millions of tiny micro-lenses (pixels)

- Pixels are analog devices which record light and color data

- Larger Sensors contain larger pixels, which are much better at collecting this data

22Digital Sensors Compared

23Full-Frame versus APS-C Sized Sensors

24Digital Camera Features and Technologies Megapixels Determine the total size (Dimensions) of the image recorded by camera

- More MP does not always mean a better picture

25Megapixels vs Print-SizeTechnology "How many megapixels do I really need for my purposes" - a quite common question. The following table provides an overview of megapixels in relation to the max. recommended print size - ROUGHLY. A print resolution of 300dpi corresponds to magazine quality. "Acceptable" prints don't require 300dpi but e.g. 2MP will not scale to something like 20x30cm without a severe loss of quality.Megapixels Resolution common print size (rougly 300dpi)2 MP 1600x1200 10x13cm / 4x6"3 MP 2048x1536 13x18cm / 5x7"4 MP 2400 x 1600 18x23cm / 6x8"6 MP 3000x2000 20x30cm / 7x10"8 MP 3600x2400 30x40cm / 10x14"12 MP - better more 4200x2800 40x60cm / 16x24"

Possibly a little food for thought whether you really require a camera with more than 10 megapixels ...26

Lets take a run through the basic shooting modes that most digital cameras have (both point and shoot and DSLRs have most of these).Automatic ModeI suspect no one will need any introduction to this mode (as it seems most digital camera owners use it). Auto mode tells your camera to use its best judgement to select shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can. With some cameras auto mode lets you override flash or change it to red eye reduction. This mode will give you nice results in many shooting conditions, however you need to keep in mind that youre not telling your camera any extra information about the type of shot youre taking so it will be guessing as to what you want. As a result some of the following modes might be more appropriate to select as they give your camera a few more hints (without you needing to do anything more).Automatic ModesPortrait ModeWhen you switch to portrait mode your camera will automatically select a large aperture (small number) which helps to keep your background out of focus (ie it sets a narrow depth of field ensuring your subject is the only thing in focus and is therefore the centre of attention in the shot). Portrait mode works best when youre photographing a single subject so get in close enough to your subject (either by zooming in or walking closer) so that your photographing the head and shoulders of them). Also if youre shooting into the sun you might want to trigger your flash to add a little light onto their face.Macro ModeMacro mode lets you move your closer into your subject to take a close up picture. Its great for shooting flowers, insects or other small objects. Different digital cameras will have macro modes with different capabilities including different focussing distances (usually between 2-10cm for point and shoot cameras). When you use macro mode youll notice that focussing is more difficult as at short distances the depth of field is very narrow (just millimetres at times). Keep your camera and the object youre photographing parallel if possible or youll find a lot of it will be out of focus. Youll probably also find that you wont want to use your cameras built in flash when photographing close up objects or theyll be burnt out. Lastly a tripod is invaluable in macro shots as the depth of field is so small that even moving towards or away from your subject slightly can make your subject out of focus. (Ill write a full tutorial on Macro Photography in the coming weeks).Landscape ModeThis mode is almost the exact opposite of portrait mode in that it sets the camera up with a small aperture (large number) to make sure as much of the scene youre photographing will be in focus as possible (i.e. it give you a large depth of field). Its therefore ideal for capturing shots of wide scenes, particularly those with points of interest at different distances from the camera. At times your camera might also select a slower shutter speed in this mode (to compensate for the small aperture) so you might want to consider a tripod or other method of ensuring your camera is still.

Photographing moving objects is what sports mode (also called action mode in some cameras) is designed for. It is ideal for photographing any moving objects including people playing sports, pets, cars, wildlife etc. Sports mode attempts to freeze the action by increasing the shutter speed. When photographing fast moving subjects you can also increase your chances of capturing them with panning of your camera along with the subject and/or by attempting to pre focus your camera on a spot where the subject will be when you want to photograph it (this takes practice).Night ModeThis is a really fun mode to play around with and can create some wonderfully colourful and interesting shots. Night mode (a technique also called slow shutter sync) is for shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground (and subject). If you use this mode for a serious or well balanced shot you should use a tripod or your background will be blurred however its also fun to take shots with this handheld to purposely blur your backgrounds especially when there is a situation with lights behind your subject as it can give a fun and experimental look (great for parties and dance floors with coloured lights).Movie ModeThis mode extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones. Most new digital cameras these days come with a movie mode that records both video but also sound. The quality