Hellenistic period

download Hellenistic period

of 21

  • date post

    11-Jan-2017
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    187
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Hellenistic period

  • 321 BCE-31 BCE

    Three realms emerged: Antigonid Empire(Greece) Seleucid Empire(Mesopotamia & Persia) Ptolemaic Empire (Egypt, Palestine, Cyrenaica)

  • Characters at a glance

    Public buildings Town planning Arches & Trusses

    Corinthian order was popular

    Hellenistic cities oPriene oPergamum oAlexandria oDura Europos oDelos oRhodes

  • Important features Theatre

    Temple

    Villas

    Palaces

    Libraries

    Stadia

    Streets

    Agora

    Stoa

  • FEATURES 1)Villas Internal courtyard

    Two storeys common 2)Library Library at Pergamum

    held up 200,000 volumes

  • 3)Palaces Palace of Macedonian Kings:

    Superstructure - unburnt

    brick

    Courtyard with 16 columns

    on each side

    Rooms on all four sides

    South rooms-mosaic floors;

    separate vestibule; marble

    threshold

  • Palace of Alexandria

    collection of buildings

    Religious, administrative, reception and garrison

    buildings

    Museum and Library

    Luxurious Dining pavilion-100 couches

    Other royal buildings

    Less spectacular

    Modest houses at elevated position in citadel town

  • 4)Theatres

    Theatre

    Auditorium for thousands

    Orchestra where chorus danced and

    sang

    Stage building

    Separated from

    auditorium by a

    passage

  • Theatre of Dionysus

    ORCHESTRA STAGE BUILDING

    SEATING

  • e)Stadium

    The stadium at Epidaurus

    was placed in a natural

    elongated hollow with stone

    seating.

    It forms the part of natural

    contour.

    The people adopted a

    method that followed the lay

    of the land.

  • 6)Circuit walls # protected &defined city # lime-washed mud-brick fortifications

    # Facing-stone with varying fills

    # Tower, rampart walks, parapets

    5)Funerary Architecture rock-cut tombs cut into cliffs

    Some had stairway approach

    chambers opening off a courtyard

  • P R I E N E

    CITY

    OF

  • Major religious

    and economic

    centre.

    Occupies a sloping ground.

    Not all the area

    within the city walls

    was occupied.

  • Proper

    town

    planning

    can

    be

    seen;

    GRID

    PATTERN.

  • From

    south to

    north, the

    STREETS

    are almost

    narrower.

    a skillful

    play of solids

    and voids and

    of private and

    public zones

    NARROW

    WIDER ROAD

  • At the centre-AGORA

    occupying two blocks of

    the grid.

    AGORA

    Juts out from the

    grid.

    Does not align

    with the side

    streets.

  • Agora completely

    surrounded by STOAS

    Built in

    DORIC order

  • Behind the north

    stoa-

    ASSEMBLY HALL

  • Holds perhaps

    640 people

    Constructed with limestone.

    Stone seats arranged in straight

    lines round three sides.

  • West- TEMPLE

    OF ATHENA

    POLIAS,

    Greek Goddess of

    wisdom, courage &

    inspiration

  • East-THEATRE

    North- SANCTUARY

    dedicated to Demeter

    A GYMNASIUM at

    the lower edge