“HARRISON BERGERON” KURT VONNEGUT Satire. Definition What is Satire?
Transcript of “HARRISON BERGERON” KURT VONNEGUT Satire. Definition What is Satire?
What is Satire?
Satire—any kind of writing, speaking, or art that ridicules some weakness in individuals or society.
Vehicles of Satire
Create a list of some elements of our society (political or social) that may be or have been satirized:
Weird Al Yankovic
“You’re Pitiful” satirizes the song “You’re Beautiful” by James Blunt
Saturday Night Live
Stylistic Devices of Satire
Hyperbole: A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to emphasize strong feelings or to create a satiric effect
Understatement: The technique of creating emphasis by saying less than what is actually or literally true
Sarcasm: a type of verbal irony often in the form of a remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary but the actual meaning is critical
Verbal Irony: words of praise which convey criticism and words of criticism which convey praise
Think about the pressure you or students in your school might feel to be “the same”—to act, think, or dress the same way others do. Do you think the pressure to be the same comes from outside forces or from personal desires? Do you think being the same makes most people happy, or would they really prefer to act on their own? Jot down your thoughts.
History of Satire
Started in ancient Greece Roman Empire- Horace and Juvenal:criticized Roman’s decadence. “Golden Age”- 17th and 18th century-Jonathan Swift 19th century- went into decline besidessome exceptions like Mark Twain
Characteristics of Satire
Attempts to bring about change throughhumor Often targets social or politicalinstitutions Uses irony and exaggeration Typically attacks hypocrisy, arrogance,greed, vanity, etc.
Types of Satire
Horatian Satire- playful andgentle humor. Ex- The Rape ofthe LockJuvenalian Satire- Dark, bitter,scornfulEx- Jonathan Swift