“HARRISON BERGERON” KURT VONNEGUT Satire. Definition What is Satire?

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  • Definition What is Satire?
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  • Definition Satireany kind of writing, speaking, or art that ridicules some weakness in individuals or society.
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  • Vehicles of Satire Art Music Poetry/Prose Drama/TV Cartoons
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  • Brainstorming Create a list of some elements of our society (political or social) that may be or have been satirized:
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  • Music Weird Al Yankovic Youre Pitiful satirizes the song Youre Beautiful by James Blunt
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  • Prose George Orwell
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  • Television Saturday Night Live
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  • Cartoon
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  • Stylistic Devices of Satire Hyperbole: A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to emphasize strong feelings or to create a satiric effect Understatement: The technique of creating emphasis by saying less than what is actually or literally true Sarcasm: a type of verbal irony often in the form of a remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary but the actual meaning is critical Verbal Irony: words of praise which convey criticism and words of criticism which convey praise
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  • Harrison Bergeron Quickwrite: Think about the pressure you or students in your school might feel to be the sameto act, think, or dress the same way others do. Do you think the pressure to be the same comes from outside forces or from personal desires? Do you think being the same makes most people happy, or would they really prefer to act on their own? Jot down your thoughts.
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  • History of Satire Started in ancient Greece Roman Empire- Horace and Juvenal: criticized Romans decadence. Golden Age- 17th and 18th century- Jonathan Swift 19th century- went into decline besides some exceptions like Mark Twain
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  • Characteristics of Satire Attempts to bring about change through humor Often targets social or political institutions Uses irony and exaggeration Typically attacks hypocrisy, arrogance, greed, vanity, etc.
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  • Types of Satire Horatian Satire- playful and gentle humor. Ex- The Rape of the Lock Juvenalian Satire- Dark, bitter, scornful Ex- Jonathan Swift
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