Halliburton Packer Shoes

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Halliburton Packer Shoes

Transcript of Halliburton Packer Shoes

  • May 2004 7-i

    Casing Sales Manual Packer Shoes

    Section 7

    Packer Shoes

    Contents

    7.1 Introduction to Packer Shoes .................................................................................. 7.1-17.1.1 Description and Application ............................................................................ 7.1-17.1.2 Industry and Halliburton Governing Specifications ......................................... 7.1-1

    7.1.2.1 API 5CTPetroleum and Natural Gas IndustriesSteel Pipes for Use as Casing or Tubing for Wells .................................................... 7.1-2

    7.1.2.2 API 5BSpecifications for Threading, Gauging, and Thread Inspection of Casing, Tubing, and Line Pipe Threads ................ 7.1-2

    7.1.2.3 NACE MR0175Material RequirementsSulfide Cracking-Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment .................. 7.1-2

    7.1.2.4 ASTM C109Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars .................................................... 7.1-2

    7.1.2.5 Halliburton Specifications ....................................................................... 7.1-27.2 855-Series Packer Shoes and Collars .................................................................... 7.2-17.3 Orifice Tube for 855-Series Packer Shoe ............................................................... 7.3-17.4 852-Series Packer Shoes and Collars .................................................................... 7.4-17.5 Cup-Type Casing Packer Shoes ............................................................................. 7.5-1

  • Packer Shoes Casing Sales Manual

    7-ii May 2004

    Notes

  • Casing Sales Manual Packer Shoes

    May 2004 7.1-1

    7.1 Introduction to Packer ShoesHalliburton manufactures the three followingtypes of packer shoes:

    Flapper valve type855 Series

    Poppet valve type852 Series

    Cup type

    7.1.1 Description and Application

    The flapper valve and poppet valve type packershoes are installed on the bottom of the casing stringas it is run in the wellbore. This process is used forapplications where casing will be set on top of aproducing formation completed as an openholecompletion. The flapper and poppet valve packershoes can be used for the following applications:

    Packing off the open hole below the casing tohelp protect low-pressure formations againstcement contamination

    Floating and guiding casing to bottom

    Allowing fluids to be circulated through thecasing before the tool is set in the open hole

    Both the flapper valve and poppet valve type packershoes allow the well to be circulated while casing isbeing run in the hole or at any time before the packerelement is set. Both types allow the casing to befloated in the hole if desired. The 855-series flappervalve tool equipped with an orifice tube will allow thecasing to fill as it is being run in the wellbore. The

    852-series (poppet) tool does not provide this fea-ture. Both tools can be ordered with premium threadsand special casing grades as customer service items(CSIs).

    Cup-type packer shoes perform the same functionsas the flapper and poppet valve types, except thecup-type packer shoe is most often used in workoveroperations where new casing or tubing is set insidedeteriorated outer casing. The cup-type packer shoehas either drillable or pumpout seats.

    7.1.2 Industry and HalliburtonGoverning Specifications

    All packer shoe equipment manufactured by Halli-burton is designed according to the applicable indus-try specifications detailed in the following sections.

    Copies of all API specifications, recommended prac-tices, and bulletins can be ordered from API. Call202.682.8375 or write to:

    American Petroleum InstitutePublications and Distribution Section1220 L Street NWWashington D.C. 20003

    The type of packer shoe used depends on the wellgeometry and the customers application. Each toolis designed for a different application and eachrequires different operation procedures to properlyperform for the well application.

  • Packer Shoes Casing Sales Manual

    7.1-2 May 2004

    7.1.2.1 API 5CTPetroleum and NaturalGas IndustriesSteel Pipes for Use asCasing or Tubing for WellsThe API 5CT International Standard specifies thetechnical delivery conditions for steel pipes (i.e.material strength, chemical makeup of casing, tub-ing, plain-end casing liners, and pup-joints) andaccessories. This International Standard applies tothe following connections in accordance with ISO10422 or API Spec 5B:

    Short round thread casing (STC), commonlyreferred to as short thread coupling

    Long round thread casing (LC), commonlyreferred to as LTC for long thread coupling

    Buttress thread casing (BC), commonly re-ferred to as BTC for buttress thread coupling

    Extreme-line casing (XC)

    Non-upset tubing (NU)

    External upset tubing (EU or EUE)

    Integral joint tubing (IJ)

    For such connections, this International Standardspecifies the technical delivery conditions for cou-plings and thread protection.

    For pipes covered by this International Standard,the sizes, masses, wall thicknesses, grades, andapplicable end finishes are defined.

    This International Standard may also be applied totubulars with connections not covered by ISO/APIstandards, such as proprietary threaded connec-tions.

    7.1.2.2 API 5BSpecifications forThreading, Gauging, and ThreadInspection of Casing, Tubing, and LinePipe ThreadsSpecification API 5B covers dimensions and mark-ing requirements for API Master thread gauges.Additional product threads and thread gauges, aswell as instruments and methods for the inspectionof threads for line pipe, round thread casing, but-

    tress casing, and extreme-line casing connectionsare included.

    The inspection procedures for measurements of taper,lead, height, and angle of thread are applicable tothreads with 11 turns per inch or less. All threaddimensions shown without tolerances are related tothe basis for connection design and are not subject tomeasurement to determine acceptance or rejectionof product.

    7.1.2.3 NACE MR0175MaterialRequirementsSulfide Cracking-Resistant Metallic Materials for OilfieldEquipmentThis standard presents metallic material require-ments for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC)for petroleum production, drilling, gathering andflowline equipment, and field processing facilities tobe used in H2S-bearing hydrocarbon service. Thisstandard is applicable to the materials and/or equip-ment specified (or by equivalent standards or speci-fications of other agencies).

    7.1.2.4 ASTM C109Standard TestMethod for Compressive Strength ofHydraulic Cement MortarsThis standard covers the test method used to deter-mine compressive strength of a cement mortar usinga 2-in. cube specimen to determine compliance withHalliburton specifications.

    7.1.2.5 Halliburton SpecificationsThe following Halliburton specification summariesrelate specifically to Halliburton equipment. Theseproprietary specifications outline how engineeringcontrols help ensure that Halliburton equipment isproperly manufactured.

    837.00008This specification outlines therequirements for Halliburton molded phenoliccomponents. It specifies the raw materials tobe used as well as the minimum acceptablephysical properties.

    820.00002This specification outlines theelastomer requirements for Halliburton rub-ber components.

  • Casing Sales Manual Packer Shoes

    May 2004 7.1-3

    68.00108This specification outlines therequirements for zinc phosphate coating ofHalliburton casing equipment made from cast-iron or steel as a base for painting, rubberiz-ing, or antigalling characteristics (for threadeditems). A minimum coating weight per squarefoot of surface area is specified along withquality control procedures that help ensureconsistent zinc phosphate coverage.

    68.00007/68.00008These specifications out-line the painting requirements for Halliburtoncasing equipment.

    820.00006This specification outlines thematerial requirements for aggregate concreteor mortar used in Halliburton casing equip-

    ment. Slurry recipes and production testingprocedures are specified, as well as minimumacceptable compressive strength values.

    70.71The specification details a method ofobtaining the documentation of the quality ofmanufactured parts through shop order iden-tification. This specification requires com-plete traceability including material,manufacturing, and testing. This documenta-tion is maintained for no less than five yearsand is available upon request.

    70.72030This specification details the re-quirements for labeling and storage of assem-blies and subassemblies that containelastomer components but do not requireexternal packaging to protect those elasto-meric components.

  • Packer Shoes Casing Sales Manual

    7.1-4 May 2004

    Notes

  • Casing Sales Manual Packer Shoes

    May 2004 7.2-1

    7.2 855-Series Packer Shoes and Collars

    DN

    0030

    81

    Figure 7.2.A855-series packer shoe

    Halliburton 855-series formation packer shoes withflapper valves (Figure 7.2.A) help protect low-pres-sure formations from pressure surges while casing isbeing run. They also help prevent contamination ofthe cement caused by gas pressure below the forma-tion packer. Figure 7.2.B shows a 855-series forma-tion packer shoe.

    Three operating configurations are possible withthis formation packer shoe:

    Run with the flapper valve closed to float thecasing in to the hole

    Run with an orifice tube to let the casing fillwhile running in the hole (Section 7.3, Figure7.3.A)

    Run as a collar by removing the plastic guidenose