GROWING TENSIONS Texas History, Ch. 8 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS Texas economy was closely tied to the...

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Transcript of GROWING TENSIONS Texas History, Ch. 8 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS Texas economy was closely tied to the...

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Slide 2 GROWING TENSIONS Texas History, Ch. 8 Slide 3 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS Texas economy was closely tied to the economy of the United States, since most immigrants to Texas came from there. Slide 4 HADEN EDWARDS Haden Edwards was awarded contract in East Texas, near Nacogdoches Haden Edwards was awarded contract in East Texas, near Nacogdoches Edwards found that settlers were already living on his lands. Edwards found that settlers were already living on his lands. Slide 5 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIA Edwards brother, Benjamin, and a small group of settlers took over the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches Edwards brother, Benjamin, and a small group of settlers took over the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches They proclaimed themselves an independent country from Mexico. They proclaimed themselves an independent country from Mexico. Slide 6 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIA Mexican soldiers were sent to put down the revolt. Most Fredonians fled back into the U.S. The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers. Slide 7 OLD STONE FORT Nacogdoches was the site of the 1 st clash between colonists and Mexican authorities. Nacogdoches was the site of the 1 st clash between colonists and Mexican authorities. Slide 8 Investigation into Revolt Mexican soldiers were sent to Nacogdoches to prevent new uprisings. Mexican soldiers were sent to Nacogdoches to prevent new uprisings. Colonel Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo American influence was strong, as settlers from the U.S. outnumbered Mexican settlers. Colonel Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo American influence was strong, as settlers from the U.S. outnumbered Mexican settlers. Slide 9 NEW LAWS In 1829, the president of Mexico issued a decree, or order that has the force of law, abolishing slavery in both Mexico and Texas. In 1829, the president of Mexico issued a decree, or order that has the force of law, abolishing slavery in both Mexico and Texas. Texans wanted to be exempt, or excused, from this decree. Texans wanted to be exempt, or excused, from this decree. Law never put into effect, but raised fears among Anglo-American slaveholders. Law never put into effect, but raised fears among Anglo-American slaveholders. Slide 10 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830 New forts created New forts created Custom duties were placed on American goods Custom duties were placed on American goods Empresario contracts were suspended Empresario contracts were suspended The purpose of the law was to deny further Anglo-American influence in East Texas The purpose of the law was to deny further Anglo-American influence in East Texas Slide 11 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830 Ended all immigration from the United States Ended all immigration from the United States Slide 12 ANAHUAC Port and Mexican garrison that controlled commerce into Mexico Port and Mexican garrison that controlled commerce into Mexico Commanded by John Davis Bradburn Commanded by John Davis Bradburn Slide 13 ANAHUAC Bradburn was unpopular with the settlers; he arrested Travis and Jack for interfering with the collection of import taxes. Slide 14 ANAHUAC The Mexican commander of Nacogdoches garrison sided with settlers and removed Bradburn from command. Slide 15 BATTLE OF VELASCO John Austin traveled to get a cannon to fight against Bradburn at Anahuac. John Austin traveled to get a cannon to fight against Bradburn at Anahuac. Mexican troops under Col. Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. Mexican troops under Col. Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. Slide 16 BATTLE OF VELASCO The two groups fought; Ugartechea and his troops surrendered. Slide 17 TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS While waiting for John Austins return, colonists adopted a resolution declaring their loyalty to Mexico. Slide 18 TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS A resolution is a formal statement. Slide 19 MEXICAN REVOLUTION Santa Anna was popular with the colonists because he declared he was a Federalist. Santa Anna was popular with the colonists because he declared he was a Federalist. Anastasio Bustamente was the unpopular Centralist President of Mexico. Anastasio Bustamente was the unpopular Centralist President of Mexico. Slide 20 CONVENTIONS OF 1832-1833 Delegates met at San Felipe and resolved that Texas become a separate Mexican state Delegates met at San Felipe and resolved that Texas become a separate Mexican state Prepared a constitution for the proposed state Prepared a constitution for the proposed state Slide 21 CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833 Austin traveled to Mexico City to meet with Santa Anna. Austin traveled to Mexico City to meet with Santa Anna. Slide 22 AUSTIN IS ARRESTED On his return to Texas, Austin was arrested in Saltillo for a letter he had written to authorities in San Antonio On his return to Texas, Austin was arrested in Saltillo for a letter he had written to authorities in San Antonio Austin spent a year in jail in Mexico City Austin spent a year in jail in Mexico City Cos claimed Santa Anna now rejected the Constitution of 1824. Cos claimed Santa Anna now rejected the Constitution of 1824. Slide 23 MARTIN DE COS Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Brother-in-law of Santa Anna Brother-in-law of Santa Anna Wanted to arrest Texas leaders Wanted to arrest Texas leaders Slide 24 CONSULTATION OF 1835 Texas colonists concerned about the situation and called for a convention at Washington-On- The-Brazos. Slide 25 WASHINGTON-ON-THE- BRAZOS Slide 26 Peace Party vs. War Party Stephen F. Austin returned from Mexico and told delegates to prepare for war. Stephen F. Austin returned from Mexico and told delegates to prepare for war. War is our only resource. War is our only resource. Slide 27 TEXAS in 1835 Austin approved the actions of the Consultation because he thought Santa Anna was becoming a dictator. Slide 28 REVIEW QUESTIONS Slide 29 REVIEW QUESTION Where was the Consultation of 1835 held? Mexico City Washington-on-the-Brazos San Felipe Slide 30 answer Washington-On- The-Brazos Slide 31 REVIEW QUESTION Austin said, War is our only resource! Why? He thought war would help the economy He believed Santa Anna had become a dictator He believed war was the only way for Texas to stay apart from Mexico Slide 32 answer He believed Santa Anna had become a dictator Slide 33 REVIEW QUESTION With which countrys economy was Texas most closely tied? United States France Spain Slide 34 answer The United States Slide 35 REVIEW QUESTION What action suspended empresario contracts and immigration to Texas from the U.S.? The Law of April 6, 1830 Mexican Constitution of 1824 Consultation of 1832-1833 Slide 36 answer Law of April 6, 1830 Slide 37 REVIEW QUESTION What was the purpose of the Law of April 6, 1830? To eliminate import taxes To deny Spanish occupation To deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas Slide 38 answer To deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas. Slide 39 REVIEW QUESTION Who was Martin de Cos? Representative to the Coahuila y Tejas legislature Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Governor of Mexico Slide 40 answer Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Slide 41 REVIEW QUESTION Why was Santa Anna initially popular with the Texas colonists? He declared himself a Centralist He declared himself a Republican He declared himself a Federalist Slide 42 answer Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist. Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist. Slide 43 REVIEW QUESTION What did the 1829 decree do? Ended immigration to Texas Ended slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas Ended slavery in both Mexico and Texas Slide 44 answer It abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas Slide 45 REVIEW QUESTION What did Empressario Haden Edwards find upon his arrival in Nacogdoches in East Texas? A Native American village A fertile wilderness People already living on the land Slide 46 answer People were already living on the land. Slide 47 REVIEW QUESTION Why did Benjamin Edwards seize the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches? To frighten Native Americans To revolt against Austins colony To declare independence from Mexico Slide 48 answer Slide 49 REVIEW QUESTION What happened as a result of the Fredonian Revolt? The U.S. lost interest in Texas The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers Fredonia gained its independence Slide 50 answer The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers Slide 51 REVIEW QUESTION Where was the site of the 1 st clash between Texas colonists and Mexican troops? Nacogdoches Republic of Fredonia Washington-on-the-Brazos Slide 52 answer The Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches. Slide 53 REVIEW QUESTION What were the Turtle Bay Resolutions? Document that Santa Anna promised to support Constitution for the proposed Mexican state of Texas Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico Slide 54 answer Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico Slide 55 REVIEW QUESTION After Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers put down the revolt at Fredonia, what did he observe? Anglo American influence was strong Settlers were mostly Catholic Settlers owned no slaves Slide 56 answer Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong. Slide 57 REVIEW QUESTION Why did Ugartechea try to arrest John Austin at the Battle of Velasco? Austin refused to pay customs duties Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel There was a warrant for Austins arrest Slide 58 answer Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. Slide 59 REVIEW QUESTION Where were the conventions of 1832 and 1833 held? What was resolved in 1833? San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state Washington-on-the-Brazos; to end Mexican rule in Texas Nacogdoches; to accept the Mexican constitution Slide 60 answer San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state Slide 61 REVIEW QUESTION What is an order that has the force of law? Rule Constitution Decree Slide 62 answer Decree Slide 63 R