GROUP COUNSELING Presented by: Stacy Solsaa & Jill Stephenson Professional School Counselors

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Transcript of GROUP COUNSELING Presented by: Stacy Solsaa & Jill Stephenson Professional School Counselors

Group Counseling


Stacy Solsaa & Jill Stephenson

Professional School Counselors

Jill & Stacy give brief background1Group CounselingThe Basics

Jill2Advantages of Group CounselingMore efficient pull together several with same concerns can be informalMembers keep fellow members honest, preventing them from manipulating as easily as they might during individual sessionsGroup relationships are more realistic than individual relationships between counselor and students Allows you to observe group interactionPeers may serve as a role modelStudents become aware that they are not aloneStudents have chance to practice skills with peersThis is a slide I had from my NSU SC class. What do you think? 3Changes In Ethical CodeProfessional school counselors:Screen prospective group members and maintain an awareness of participants needs, appropriate fit and personal goals in relation to the groups intention and focus. The school counselor takes reasonable precautions to protect members from physical & psychological harm resulting from interaction within the group.Recognize that best practice is to notify the parents/guardians of children participating in small groups. (In the past it was if counselor deemed appropriate & consistent with policy.)Jill - I am going to type the new ethics with the changes highlighted.4Changes in Ethical Code continuedc. Establish clear expectations in the group setting, and clearly state that confidentiality in group counseling cannot be guaranteed. Given the developmental and chronological ages of minors in schools, recognize the tenuous nature of confidentiality for minors renders some topics inappropriate for group work in a school setting.

d. Provide necessary follow up with group members, and document proceedings as appropriate.5Changes to Ethical Code Continuede. Develop professional competencies, and maintain appropriate education, training and supervision in group facilitation and any topics specific to the group.

f. Facilitate group work that is brief and solution-focused, working with a variety of academic, career, college and personal/social issues. (per Dr. Stone not therapeutic)6Consent and Policies for GroupsUsing a consent formSpecial groups offered to a special group of studentsSummer or after-school groups

Using a letterSmall groups that are part of the comprehensive school counseling program.

Using your school policiesGroups that all students participate in.Stacy: There are several different ways to get consent for students to participate in groups. You will want to use a consent to specialized groups or those held outside the normal school day. Also might want to use a consent form when you have no policies in place for group counseling. Provide examples of these. 7Group SelectionGroup selection can help you avoid problem group members and difficult dynamics Methods of groups selection could include surveys, questionnaires or input from teachersDecide characteristics of those who would be suited for group prior to reviewing students for the groupThe purpose of the group often can help when considering participantsSome groups may not require group selection, depending on the purpose

Stacy In general group selection in important in many groups situations. Many of the groups I have done, require little group selection as they are either voluntary or the entire targeted population is involved. Salvaging Sisterhood group, Large schools it suggested several ways to select girls for this group. In a small school, I just include all the girls in my 7th grade class (have had personality issues). Discuss Social Skills groups and how students have been divided depending on class size. Also share about Building Self-Confidence Group and how students were selected.I could add how I did handled forming a social skills groups specifically for deaf students & friends and for autistic student a few select students. Would this be the place or should it be under specific groups?8Group Chart

Stages of Group Development

10Evaluating Group CounselingSelf-rating: scale of 1-10; thumbs up/downUseful as a check in or throughout groupInformal use of open ended sentences I liked, I learned, a suggestion I have is, I wishSelf- monitoring of successfully meeting goalsStaying calm, fewer disagreements with friends, etc.Observations of target behavior by teachers or youPre-test/post testMonitoring of student or school kept records Grades, attendance, study time, etc.


Stacy: Give a couple examples of evaluations I have used in group. 7th Transition group: Journal Others: Surveys, Social Skills: Observation11Groups Run in SchoolResources and Sharing12Elementary GroupsSocial SkillsFocus on developing social skills kids need to succeed in schoolTeacher RequestsTarget special needs of a group of studentsFriendshipFocus on the qualities of a good friendAfter-School GroupsGenerally voluntary and can focus on many things

Stacy Brief explanation of Teacher Requests: Building Self-Confidence, Boys group: Resolving Conflict After School Groups: Caring Kids, Worry Free Warriors Summer Groups: Start Something, 13Middle and High School GroupsRelationship Groups (Girls/Boys Groups)Focus on friendship challenges of junior highFocus is on developing and maintaining healthy relationshipsTransition GroupsFocus on transitioning from Elem to middle school and from middle to high school

Stacy: Share some about Girls/Boys Groups and Rosline Wisemans curriculum. Transition Groups: 7th Grade group, 4th grade group. Transition Groups (Challenges: students do not attend everyday and it is difficult to get groups cohesion)

14More Ideas for GroupsSupport GroupsCould be held on a variety of topicsCould use as a way to touch base with students struggling in schoolStudy GroupsCould be offered by a group such as NHS, a way for students to help other studentsAttendance GroupsAddresses attendance issuesAt Risk GroupsGroups to target the needs of at risk students

Stacy: Just a comment about At risk students: we seem to have students that start to struggle at about 4th grade. Thinking about a ways to identify them at the end of 4th grade and then run a group in 5th, 6th and as long as needed in order to keep them on-track and motivated in school. Might use in-service days, still thinking about what the group would look like.15Odds & EndsDoing self-reflection outside of group using books and journalsUsed in HS anger managementSelf-advocacy skills and self-understanding for students on an IEPADHD students look at brain scanLearning disabilities talking with teachersFriendship groups for special needsDeaf students with friendsAutistic student with selected participants

Use example of using books held on reserve in library for HS anger group16Multi Use Activities

Share Rebeccas ball and Jenga blocks17M & MsPeople would be surprised that I..Im envious whenI usually amI dream aboutI get angry whenI enjoy If we have time we could use this as just a quick reference to a warm-up activity that can be used with any age and any type of group18

negativepositivepositivenegativepositivepositivenegative19ClosingMore Resources and Discussion20Where to Find this info

21Books and Curriculum (Girls in Real Life Situations) Julia Taylor and Shannon Tracie-BlackSalvaging Sisterhood: Julia TaylorStuding, Test Taking and Getting Good Grades: Susanna Palomares and Dianne SchillingBoundaries: Val J. Peter & Tom DowdThe You and Me Workbook: Lisa M. SchabA Bad Case of Tattle Tongue: Julia CookSorry: Trudy Ludwig

I could give an example of the book I use for the anger group here or under the discussion of the specific groups22More resourcesGreat Group Games: 175 Boredom-Busting, Zero-Prep Team Builder for All AgesSusan Ragsdale & Ann Saylor, 2007, SearchGames (& other stuff) for Group Chris Caver & Friends, 1998, Wood N BarnesSkills for Living: Group Counseling Activities for Young Adolescents Rosemarie Morganett, 1990, Research PressMad: How to Deal with Your Anger and Get Respect James Crist, PhD., 2008, Free SpiritPutting on the Breaks Activity Book for Young People with ADHD Quinn, Stern & Lee, 1993The Behavior Survival Guide for Kids (for EB students, easy reader version available) Thomas McIntyre, PhD

Questions and DiscussionIssues Scheduling ResistanceThe problem group member

Rebecca suggested that we discuss stages of a group a how to overcome resistance. I have some ideas on this but Im not sure where we would do this. Lets talk about this.24Support Groups Planning OutlineName and purpose of group: Day: Location:

Time: Year:

ObjectivesOpening ActivityTopics






Target concerns


Name of participants:GradeSession #


Adapted by Jill Stephenson