Groundwater Pollution Vulnerability Mapping of Sicily

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Transcript of Groundwater Pollution Vulnerability Mapping of Sicily

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    Submitted to:

    Professor Antonino ZichichiWorld Federation of ScientistsLausanne,Switzerland

    Submitted by:World Federation of ScientistsPollution Panel Task Force

    Sicilian Regional Resources Commission,Pollution Task Force:Proposal for Soil and GroundwaterPollution Vulnerability Mapping andEnvironmental Database Managementfor Sicily

    Proposal No. 09001.63

  • An Equal Opportunity Employer University of California P.O. Box 808 Livermore, California 94551 Telephone (510) 422-1100 Twx 910-386-8339 UCLLL LVMR

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    17 September 2003

    Professor Antonino Zichichi, PresidentWorld Federation of Scientists32 Chemin de MornexLausanneCH-1003 Switzerland

    RE: Proposal for the Sicilian Regional Resource Commission for the Development of a Soil and Groundwater Pollution Vulnerability Mapping and Environmental Database for Sicily, Prepared by the World Federation of Scientists, Pollution Task Force

    Dear Professor Zichichi:

    The World Federation of Scientists Pollution Task Force is pleased to submit thisproposal prepared in conjunction with Professor Aurelio Aureli of the University ofCatania, Hydrogeology Department, to develop a pollution vulnerability mappingdatabase for Sicily. The goal of this project is to preserve the groundwater resources ofSicily for future generations, and to prevent pollution that could limit the future growthof the Regions economy. This will be accomplished by developing a state-of-the-artdatabase to catalog existing and future threats to groundwater resources, in conjunctionwith pollution vulnerability mapping of Sicilys groundwater aquifers. Thecombination of these two important data resources will result in an invaluable tool forgovernment planning and scientific research. The pollution vulnerability mappingdatabase will be made available to interested government officials and scientists via theInternet, and will become a model for developing countries with threatened andlimited groundwater resources.

    The Pollution Task Force consists of a highly qualified team of experts in geology,hydrogeology, and natural sciences, including individuals from Italian and SicilianUniversities, each of whom brings unique and specialized experience in supportingthis type of project. Members of the Pollution Task Force will execute the completionof activities summarized in this proposal, and will partner with Sicilian Universitiesto ensure the future health of Sicilys groundwater resources.

  • Professor Antonino Zichichi, PresidentWorld Federation of Scientists

    17 September 2003Page 2

    On behalf of the Pollution Task Force, we look forward to supporting the WorldFederation of Scientists on this important project in a timely fashion. If youhave any questions, require further information, or would like to meet with us,please do not hesitate to contact me at (925) 423-8877 or by e-mail at: ragaini1@llnl.gov.

    Sincerely yours,

    Richard Ragaini (Gina Calderone)Richard Ragaini, Ph.D.Chairman of Pollution Permanent Monitoring PanelWorld Federation of Scientists

    RR/mkpEnclosure

    cc: Dr. Claude Manoli (CERN) (5 copies)Professor Robert Clark (University of Arizona) (1 copy)Professor Aurelio Aureli (University of Catania) (2 copies)Professor Giuseppe Tito Aronica (University of Messina) (1 copy)Professor Lorne Everett (The Shaw Group) (1 copy)Professor Vittorio Ragaini (University of Milano) (1 copy)

    Professor Igor Zektser (Russian Academy of Sciences) (1 copy)Luca Rossi (Italian Civil Protection Agency) (1 copy)Gina Calderone (EA Science and Technology) (3 copies)

  • ContentsPollution Vulnerability Mapping and Environmental Database

    Use or disclosure of data on this page is subject to the restriction on the contents page of this document (0900163/0903). i

    CONTENTS

    Page

    1. PROTECTING THE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES OF SICILY ......................... 1-1

    1.1 Introduction......................................................................................................... 1-1

    2. PROPOSED ACTIONS .............................................................................................. 2-1

    2.1 Develop a Comprehensive Database ..................................................................... 2-12.2 Pollution Vulnerability Mapping Database ............................................................ 2-22.3 Web-Based Deployment and Training................................................................... 2-32.4 Training for Pollution Prevention and Engineering Technologies .......................... 2-52.5 Benefits of Proposed Project ................................................................................ 2-6

    3. PROJECT TEAM AND COLLABORATION WITH UNIVERSITIES ...................... 3-1

    4. SCHEDULE AND PRELIMINARY BUDGET .......................................................... 4-1

    4.1 Schedule Stakeholders and Technical Meetings .................................................... 4-14.2 Develop a Comprehensive Database ..................................................................... 4-14.3 Pollution Vulnerability Mapping Database ............................................................ 4-14.4 Web-Based Deployment ....................................................................................... 4-14.5 Training ............................................................................................................... 4-24.6 Proposed Project Budget...................................................................................... 4-2

    The information contained in this proposal shall not be disclosed outside the World Federation of Scientists and shall not be duplicated, used,or disclosed, in whole or in part, for any purpose other than to evaluate this proposal. If a contract is awarded to this offerror as a result ofor in connection with the submission of the data herein, World Federation of Scientists shall have the right to duplicate, use, or disclose thedata to the extent provided by the contract. This restriction does not limit World Federation of Scientists right to use information containedin the data if it is obtained from another source without restriction. The data subject to this restriction comprise the whole of this proposal.

  • Section 1 Protecting the Groundwater Resources of SicilyPollution Vulnerability Mapping and Environmental Database

    Use or disclosure of data on this page is subject to the restriction on the contents page of this document (0900163/0903). 1-1

    Section 1 PROTECTING THE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES OF SICILY

    1.1 INTRODUCTION

    As a result of increasing development, urbanization, and industrial land use inSicily, the existing natural resources are subject to increasing vulnerabilityand risk of adverse impacts. In particular, groundwater resources arethreatened due to contamination from industrial sources and fromuncontrolled land use practices that may seriously impact the water quality ofSicily. Sicily has been identified as a high risk area due to the increase inindustrial land use, and the fact that there are limited groundwater resourcesdue to the Islands hydrogeologic setting and potential salt water impacts ondrinking water. Additionally, the proposed Strait of Messina Bridge project ineastern Sicily will result in a significant increase in land development anddemand to water resources on the Island. Without effective management ofgroundwater resources, future industrial activities in Sicily and other areas ofthe Island may degrade groundwater resources, thereby limiting water supplyfor drinking water and other purposes. The future development and quality oflife for the residents of Sicily could be severely limited by water restrictionsdue to pollution, salt water intrusion, degradation of groundwater resources,and/or uncontrolled industrial growth.

    Currently, the integration of important environmental data for Sicily is poor.There is currently no centralized database that contains relevant informationthat can be accessed by government officials, policy makers, or scientificresearchers. Important pollution vulnerability data are available fromnumerous sources, however, this information cannot be integrated due to itswidely dispersed nature. Without an integrated database, important environmental data cannot be effectively used tolimit pollution that may have long-term impacts to the future development of Sicily.

    In order to accommodate the continuedeconomic and ongoing industrial growth inSicily, the World Federation of Scientists(WFS) Regional Resource Commission forSicily, Pollution Task Force, in conjunctionwith the University of Catania, is proposingto develop a pollution vulnerability mappingand environmental database specific to Sicilyto be used by government officials anddecision-making authorities. The goal of thispollution vulnerability mapping andenvironmental database will be to clearlydefine those areas of Sicily wheregroundwater aquifers and water resources areunder threat, and where ongoing land use

    Soil and Groundwater PollutionVulnerability Mapping andEnvironmental DatabaseManagement for Sicily willinclude:

    Design and construction of acomputer database that canbe used to identify threats togroundwater resources inSicily.

    Development ofcomprehensive mappingtools to distribute criticalinformation to governmentand scientists.

    Creation of a Web siteclearinghouse forenvironmental data forSicilian and Italian officials tobuild maps and easilyaccess information.

    Provide training to personneland decision-makers forpollution prevention andadvanced use of the soil andgroundwater vulnerabilitysystem.

    Satellite photograph of Sicily.

  • Section 1 Protecting the Groundwater