Greener mobile phones

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A STEP TO MAKE EARTH TOXIC FREE GREENER MOBILE PHONESTushar SwamiB.Tech ElectronicsMaharaja Agrasen College

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI would like to express my gratitude and appreciation to all those who gave me the possibility to complete this report. A special thanks to my department teachers, whose help, stimulating suggestions and encouragement, helped me in preparing this report. I would also like to thank my Chemistry Teacher who helped me to do this research.This opportunity to do research on the topic Greener Mobile Phones enhanced my knowledge and concepts of Sciences. I am really thankful to them.

OUTLINEWhat is e-Waste?E-Waste ManagementE-Waste HazardsComponents of a PhoneBasis of ResearchComparison of problem and solutionConclusionFuture

WHAT IS E-WASTE?

E-WASTEe-waste - term for electronic products that have become unwanted, non-working or obsolete and have essentially reached the end of their useful life.

main reason for being obsolete - technology advancement at sucha high rate.

thus, many electronic devices become trash after a short use.

old electronic items contribute to e-waste such as VCRs being replaced by DVD players, and DVD players being replaced by Blu-ray players.

Sources : http://www.bostonelectronicwaste.com/go-green/what-is-ewaste

E-WASTEAnnual global e-Waste production is pegged at approximately 50 million metric tonnes.

India - fifth biggest producer of e-waste in the world, discarding 1.7 million tonnes of electronic and electrical equipment in 2014, e-waste is likely to rise by 21 per cent in next three years.

Best way to deal with E-Waste 3 Rs

Sources : http://www.cleaneindia.org/

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THE TRUTHDespite a wide range of environmental legislation in India there are no specific laws or guidelines for electronic waste or computer waste.

Recycling electronics isnt like recycling cardboard. These products are not easy to recycle. Proper and safe recycling often costs more money than the materials are worth.

Barely 4% of the e-Waste produced in India is recycled.

The rest goes to landfills and incinerators.

Sources : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/

Sources : http://electronics-for-you/html

BASIC COMPONENTS OF A MOBILE PHONE

BASIS OF THE RESEARCH All the components stated are full of toxic chemicals and compounds.

Which can lead to severe damage to human beings plus environment if just simply thrown away.

Research work a decent attempt to find a replacement from the periodic table which are less damaging to our nature on disposing off.

But without causing much difference in their efficiency.

Sources : http://www.gettyimages.ca/detail/illustration

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GaAshigh speed semiconductors that are used as RF amplifiers in mobile phonesSources : http://www.mpdigest.com/issue/Articles/2010/sept/Opinion/Default.asp

Antimony & BFRsused to protect phones from catching fire

Sources : http://www.recyclingyourmobile.co.uk/toxic-materials.htm http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/sb.htm

ABSused in the plastic casing of mobile phonesSources : http://www.mobilemuster.com.au/learn-about-recycling/ http://www.plasticsintl.com/abs.htm

CONCLUSIONThese alterations are capable of reducing the toxicity of our devices by a large amount without causing any noticeable difference in their efficiency.

But since these changes are not tested in real life till now, so nothing concrete can be stated right now.

Once we get sure about them, we can get these pass through a pilot stage.

FUTUREThere are still some materials which are required to be replaced like:

Mercury used in LCDsLead used in PCBs, and other heavy metals and hazardous materials like Cadmium and Lithium

Because being the new generation of our country, its our duty to keep our environment as one of our top priorities while making a new invention or innovation.

SO WE CANT SAY THAT ITS AN END, BUT JUST THE BEGINNING.

OTHER REFERENCEShttp://wearesocial.net/blog/2014/http://www.cleanup.org.au/au/http://www.theguardian.com/http://www.cleanup.org.au/Handbook for Organic Chemistry - by Kr DesaiThe Elements by Nick MannPeriodic Tales : Theory of Elements