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Transcript of Green Cities - ?· DEVELOPING AN ECO-MODEL CITY IN JAPAN TOYAMA‘S COMPACT CITY STRATEGY –...

  • Green Cities New Approaches to Confronting Climate Change

    OECD WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA, SPAIN 11 JUNE 2009

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    The Workshop on Green Cities: New Approaches to Confronting Climate Change, 11 June 2009, Las

    Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, was organised by the OECD and the City Council of Las Palmas, Gran

    Canaria.

    Special thanks are given to the Mayor of Las Palmas, Mr. Jernimo Saavedra Acevedo, Sebastin

    Franquis Vera (Director of Presidency) and Benito Cabrera Figueroa (Director of Economy and Finance)

    as well as Andrs Caballero Quintana (Head of Economic Studies), Jernimo Samuel Ramrez Santana

    (Chief of Protocol), Ana Buenda Lozano (Senior Analyst, Economic Studies), Leslie Perea Cook (Senior

    Analyst, International Relations Unit) and Emma Rodriguez Alamo (Senior Analyst, Communication

    Cabinet). We are also grateful to Jose Manuel Rodriguez Alvarez, Deputy Director of European Affairs,

    City of Madrid, and former Spanish Delegate of the OECD Working Party on Urban Areas.

    The OECD Workshop on Green Cities: New Approaches to Confronting Climate Change, is part of

    the OECD programme of work on regional development, directed by Mario Pezzini, Deputy Director,

    Public Governance and Territorial Development and headed by Marcos Bonturi, Head of the OECD

    Regional Competitiveness and Governance Division.

    The conference was co-ordinated by Lamia Kamal-Chaoui, Head of the Urban Development

    Programme, in collaboration with Suzanne-Nicola Leprince, and Marie-Claire Guttery and with the

    support of Michael G. Donovan and Olaf Merk. The content of the conference agenda has also benefitted

    from valuable suggestions from Jan Corfee-Morlot (Environment Directorate) and Hiroshi Kobayashi

    (Regional Sustainable Development Division). The proceedings were edited by Victoria C. Elliott,

    writer/editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and prepared for publication by

    Sophia Katsira, Laura Woodman, Jeanette Duboys and Erin Byrne, OECD Secretariat.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    AGENDA ...................................................................................................................................... 8

    OPENING SPEECH BY THE MAYOR OF LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA,

    JERONIMO SAAVEDRA ACEVEDO ...................................................................................... 18

    OPENING SPEECH AND WELCOMING STATEMENT BY THE HEAD OF

    THE OECD REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS AND GOVERNANCE DIVISION,

    MARCOS BONTURI ................................................................................................................. 20

    SESSION 1-A: INSIDE THE GREEN POLICY TOOLBOX: INNOVATIONS IN URBAN

    PLANNING AND GOVERNANCE .......................................................................................... 21

    THE NEW MEANING OF METROPOLITAN PLANNING IN THE

    ILE DE FRANCE REGION

    by Vincent Fouchier, Institut damnagement et durbanisme, Ile de France .................... 22

    DEVELOPING AN ECO-MODEL CITY IN JAPAN TOYAMAS COMPACT

    CITY STRATEGY REDUCING CO2

    by Masashi Mori, Mayor of Toyama City, Japan ................................................................ 38

    CLIMATE CHANGE IN PARIS: CITY PLANNING, STRATEGY AND

    GOVERNANCE FOR A COMPACT CAPITAL

    by Hlne de Largentaye, Sustainable Development Adviser, Paris City Council,

    France .................................................................................................................................. 49

    AN EXAMPLE OF A PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AS AN INSTRUMENT

    OF CLIMATE PROTECTION IN AN URBAN REGION WITH RURAL

    SURROUNDINGS

    by Marlene Potthoff, Deputy Director, Climate Protection Agency, Region of Hanover,

    Germany .............................................................................................................................. 55

    INSIDE THE GREEN POLICY TOOLBOX: INNOVATIONS IN URBAN

    PLANNING AND GOVERNANCE

    by Eduardo Jorge Martins Alves Sobrinho, Secretary for Green and Environment,

    City Hall of So Paulo, Brazil ............................................................................................. 64

    GREEN TRANSPORTATION, EXPERIENCES OF BEIJING

    by Liu Zhili, Liu Xiaoming, Yang Zhongwei, Ge Yu, Chen Jinchuan .................................. 67

    CLIMATE CHANGES IN EGYPT: EXISTING EFFORTS AND

    RECOMMENDATIONS

    by Ayman El-Hefnawi, Vice Chairman, General Organisation for Physical Planning,

    Ministry of Housing Utilities and Urban Development, Egypt ............................................ 75

    SESSION 1-B: THE POTENTIAL OF THE GREEN ECONOMY ........................................... 83

    UNITED KINGDOM: CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE

    by Keith Thorpe, Head of Urban Policy Support, Cities and Urban Policy Division,

    Department for Communities and Local Government, United Kingdom, UK Delegate

    to the OECD Working Party on Territorial Policy in Urban Areas .................................... 84

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    THE POTENTIAL OF THE GREEN ECONOMY

    by Nam-Geon Cho, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements, Adviser to

    the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs, Korea ............................................ 93

    THE POTENTIAL OF THE GREEN ECONOMY

    by Mat Santamouris, Group Building Environmental Studies, Physics Department,

    University of Athens, Athens, Greece ................................................................................ 108

    TORONTOS GREEN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

    by Christine Raissis, Director, Strategic Growth and Sector Development, Economic

    Development, Culture and Tourism, City of Toronto ........................................................ 118

    AGGLOMERATION, ACCESSIBILITY, ATTRACTIVENESS: THE TRIPLE-A

    FACTOR OF URBAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    by Fabio Grazi, International Research Centre on the Environment and

    Development (CIRED), Paris, France ............................................................................... 138

    SESSION 2-A: GREEN GOVERNMENT: WHY CO-OPERATION ACROSS

    LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT IS ESSENTIAL? .................................................................... 153

    EXCERPTS FROM INFORMATION PAPER ON INNOVATIONS IN MULTI-

    LEVEL GOVERNANCE FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY: SHARINGEXPERIENCE

    WITH MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE TO ENHANCE ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    by Sara Pasquier, Energy Efficiency Unit, International Energy Agency ......................... 154

    CLIMATE LA LOS ANGELES MUNICIPAL CLIMATE CHANGE

    PROGRAMME

    by Beth Jines, Assistant General Manager, Environmentla, Los Angeles ......................... 167

    GREEN GOVERNMENT: WHY CO-OPERATION ACROSS LEVELS OF

    GOVERNMENTS IS ESSENTIAL

    by Juan Carlos Zentella Gomez, Deputy General Director for Land Planning, Mexico .. 177

    SESSION 2-B: FINANCING CLIMATE FRIENDLY INITIATIVES .................................... 185

    FINANCING CLIMATE-FRIENDLY INITIATIVES: THE ROLE OF THE

    EUROPEAN INVESTMENT BANK

    by Brian G. Field, Senior Economist, European Investment Bank .................................... 186

    CLIMATE INVESTMENT PROGRAMMES IN SWEDEN

    by Ola Gransson, Head of Section, Division for Sustainable Development,

    Ministry of Environment, Sweden ...................................................................................... 193

    A COMMUNITY TAKES CHARGE: THE EVOLUTION OF BOULDERS

    CARBON TAX

    by Jonathan Koehn, Environmental Affairs Director, City of Boulder, Colorado,

    United States ...................................................................................................................... 195

    INPUT AND EXPERIENCES FROM THE WORLD BANK URBAN FINANCE

    AND CLIMATE CHANGE: FINANCING CLIMATE-FRIENDLY INITIATIVES

    AT CITY LEVEL

    by Mila Freire, Senior Advisor, World Bank ..................................................................... 207

    SESSION 3-A: BLUE IS THE NEW GREEN: EMERGING TRENDS IN WATER

    MANAGEMENT ...................................................................................................................... 219

    FLOOD RISK ASSESSMENT AND POLICY IN THE NETHERLANDS

    by Wouter Jonkhoff, Economist, TNO, the Netherlands .................................................... 220

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    GREEN CITIES: NEW APPROACHES TO CONFRONTING CLIMATE

    CHANGE: THE VENICE EXPERIENCE

    by Antonio Paruzzolo, Managing Director of Thetis Spa, Venice, Italy ............................ 241

    A WATER COMPANY PERSPECTIVE

    by Paul Hickey, Head of Environmental Services, Anglian Water, United Kingdom ....... 259

    BUILDING RESILIENCE TO SEA-LEVEL RISE IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA

    by Laura Grape, Senior Environmental Planner, Northern Virginia

    Regional Commission ........................................................................................................ 272

    SESSION 3-B: MANAGING PORT CITIES ........................................................................... 283

    LAS PALMAS PORT AS AN URBAN TOOL

    by Javier Snchez-Simn Muos, President of the Port Authority of Las Palmas,

    Spain .................................................................................................................................. 284

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    AGENDA

    GREEN CITIES: NEW APPROACHES TO CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE

    OECD Workshop, Alfredo Kraus Auditorium, Las Palm