Great Alexander the - John Pollard Digital Portfolio Was Alexander the Great’s empire really a...

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Transcript of Great Alexander the - John Pollard Digital Portfolio Was Alexander the Great’s empire really a...

  • Alexander the Great What’s in a name?

  • Philip II ● King of Macedonia ● Created a professional army

    ○ Used a phalanx ● Conquered Greece ● Assassinated

    ○ But by whom?

  • Phalanx ● Rows of soldiers ● 21 foot pikes ● Effective against

    cavalry

  • Early Life ● Fought with Philip ● Taught by Aristotle ● Maybe assassinated

    Philip

  • Conquests ● “Master of Greece” ● Defeated Darius III

    to conquer Persia in 331 B.C.

    ● Pushed towards India ● Admired Achilles ● Gordion Knot

  • The End of the Earth ● Made it to India

    ○ Enslaved and slaughtered his enemies

    ● Army forced him to turn back ○ Made it to Indus River ○ Returned to Susa ○ Withdrew from public life

    ● Died in Babylon after battling a fever for 10 days

  • Legacy ● Empire broken into 3 kingdoms

    ○ Macedonia, Egypt, and Syria ● Accomplished:

    ○ Spread Greek culture ■ Alexandrias ■ Hellenistic culture

    influenced Western Civilization

    ○ Cultural integration ○ God-king

  • Questions? ● Was Alexander the Great’s empire really a “one world”

    empire? ● What factors led to the breakup of his empire? ● How has Hellenistic culture influenced Western

    Civilization? ● Was Alexander the Great really great? Why or why not?

    ○ Compare his actions to the list we made at the beginning of class.