Grammar Grabs - Imperatives

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Transcript of Grammar Grabs - Imperatives

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    Imperatives

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    What are they?

    Verbs used to

    Give orders/commands

    Give directions/instructions

    Make requests

    Give advice/suggestions

    Give warnings

    Invite someone

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    Always use the

    BASE FORM

    of the verb

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    Always in the

    2nd person (you!)

    Subject is implied

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    Persons (real quick!)

    1st person = I

    2nd person = you (speaking to someone directly. Either singular or plural.)

    3rd person = groups and others (they, them, us)

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    SIT DOWN!

    (YOU) sit down

    In the 2nd

    person but we dont say it.

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    Imperatives and Modals

    Not usually given with modals

    Exception:

    BE ABLE TO

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    Imperatives and Modals

    When used it is very specific

    Be able to do 100 push-ups tomorrow!

    This is not asking is you CAN do it. It is a direct order to make sure you

    can do it!

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    LETS LOOK AT SOME EXAMPLES OF IMPERATIVE USE

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    Give Orders/Commands

    Jump into the pool!

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    Give Directions/Instructions

    Go straight on Main street. Turn right on

    Maple street.

    Add more barbeque sauce!

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    Make Requests

    Listen carefully.

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    Give Advice / Suggestions

    Try it!!

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    Give Warnings

    Dont touch that!!

    Dont cross the street!!

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    Invite Someone

    Come to my house at

    7:00.

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    Please and Thank you

    SIT DOWN!

    Thats an order.

    Thats not nice!

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    PLEASE Want to be nice

    Modify by adding

    PLEASE at the BEGINNINGFor when you really want to be nice

    Please sit down.

    Please introduce yourself.

    Please eat something.

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    PLEASE - Be nice but be FIRM

    Modify by adding

    PLEASE at the ENDStronger but nice. Giving the order and THEN softening

    Have your tickets ready please.

    Sit down please.

    Go now please.

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    LETS Together

    Modify by adding

    LETS at the BEGINNINGTo make more of suggestion than a command

    (like a should statement like using modals)

    Lets go to dinner.

    Lets ride the rollercoaster

    Lets talk about it.

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    LETS Not with the speaker

    Modify by adding

    LETs at the ENDWhen I dont mean ME I mean YOU!

    DIRECTING at the other person

    Hey guys lets be a little quieter.

    Lets try to be on time today.

    Lets not go down that path.

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    LETS TEST WHAT WEVE LEARNED

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    Q1

    You can put "please" with an imperative at either the beginning or end of a sentence to make it more polite.

    TRUE

    FALSE

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    Q2

    When you use "let's" in a sentence, it includes the speaker in the imperative statement.

    TRUE

    FALSE

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    Q3

    Do we usually use modals in an

    imperative statement?

    TRUE

    FALSE

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    Q4

    ______________ sit down and relax.

    PLEASE

    LETS

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    Q5

    ______________ both leave by 11 p.m.

    because we both have to work early in

    the morning.

    PLEASE

    LETS

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    Q6

    ______________ be quiet. You are

    disturbing the other people in the room.

    PLEASE

    LETS

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    Q7

    "Second person" in grammar refers to:

    A. I (the speaker)

    B. you (the audience)

    C. he/she/they (some other people)

    D. it

    E. two people

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    Q8

    Which is more polite

    A. Please introduce yourself.

    B. Introduce yourself please.

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    Q9

    Which is strongest?

    A. Take off your shirt.

    B. Please take off your shirt.

    C. Take off your shirt, please.

    D. Let's take off our shirts.

    E. We should take off our shirts.

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    NOW PRACTICE!