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  • Information, Research & GIS - Swansea Council, February 2020. www.swansea.gov.uk/pcaprofiles 1

    Information, Research & GIS (Strategic Delivery Unit), February 2020

     Electoral Wards within constituency: Bishopston, Clydach, Fairwood, Gorseinon,

    Gower, Gowerton, Kingsbridge, Llangyfelach, Lower Loughor, Mawr, Newton, Oystermouth, Penclawdd, Penllergaer, Pennard, Penyrheol, Pontarddulais, Upper Loughor, West Cross

     Neighbouring Constituency Areas: Llanelli, Carmarthen East & Dinefwr, Neath, Swansea East, Swansea West

     Area: 29,819 hectares / 298.19 km² (2011 Census)

     Population Density (2018): 267 people per km²

     Population Change (2008 to 2018): +2,600 / +3% (ONS estimates, rounded)

     Employment: 20,000 (ONS workplace estimate, 2018). Largest broad sectors: Accommodation & food services (3,000 / 15.0%), Health (3,000 / 15.0%).

    Population: 79,500 (source: mid-2018 estimates, rounded - Office for National Statistics / ONS)

    Electoral representation:

    National Assembly for Wales: Rebecca Evans AM (Labour), elected May 2016. UK Parliament: Tonia Antoniazzi MP (Labour), elected June 2017.

    Voter turnout: 2016 = 50.10%; 2017 = 73.49%. Parliamentary electors (1 Dec 2018): 60,091.

    GOWER CONSTITUENCY AREA PROFILE

    Electoral Wards

  • Information, Research & GIS - Swansea Council, February 2020. www.swansea.gov.uk/pcaprofiles 2

  • Information, Research & GIS - Swansea Council, February 2020. www.swansea.gov.uk/pcaprofiles 3

    POPULATION STATISTICS Gower Constituency Area (PCA) Mid-2018 population estimates

    Population Gower PCA Swansea Total % %

    Aged: 0-4 3,788 4.8 5.1 5-15 10,078 12.7 11.9

    16-24 7,176 9.0 14.1 25-44 17,719 22.3 24.8 45-64 21,874 27.5 24.6 65-74 10,152 12.8 10.4

    75+ 8,717 11.0 9.0 Total 79,504 100 100 Male 38,665 48.6 49.9

    Female 40,839 51.4 50.1

    2011 Census Data Population Characteristics Gower PCA Gower PCA % Swansea %

    People: born in Wales 62,754 80.6 77.7 born outside UK 2,729 3.5 7.2

    in non-white ethnic groups 1,614 2.1 6.0 with long-term health problem or disability 17,932 23.0 23.3

    with no qualifications (aged 16+) 12,947 20.3 23.9 with higher level qualifications (aged 16+) 20,217 31.7 25.8

    able to speak Welsh (aged 3+) 11,711 15.5 11.4

    Household Composition Gower PCA Gower PCA % Swansea %

    Total households / (Average Household Size) 33,551 (2.3) (2.3) Household type: One person: Age 65+ 4,929 14.7 13.4

    Other 5,168 15.4 19.9 One family only: All aged 65+ 3,655 10.9 8.7

    Married or Same-Sex Civil Partnership Couple 12,109 36.1 30.4 Cohabiting Couple 2,611 7.8 8.6

    Lone Parent 3,440 10.3 11.7 Other Household Types 1,639 4.9 7.3

    Source: 2011 Census, ONS.

     Lowest population of the three PCAs in Swansea (mid-2018), and 17th largest population of the 40 PCAs in Wales.

     Relatively higher proportion of people aged over 45 compared with the Swansea average

     Lower proportions of younger people (aged 16-44), but other age groups close to average

     Higher percentages (than Swansea) born in Wales and able to speak Welsh (2011 Census)

     Higher proportions of people with higher level qualifications and couple / older person households.

    4000 2000 0 2000 4000

    0-4

    5-9

    10-14

    15-19

    20-24

    25-29

    30-34

    35-39

    40-44

    45-49

    50-54

    55-59

    60-64

    65-69

    70-74

    75-79

    80-84

    85-89

    90+

    Population

    Age Female

    Male

    Source: Small area population estimates (2018), ONS.

  • Information, Research & GIS - Swansea Council, February 2020. www.swansea.gov.uk/pcaprofiles 4

    HOUSING STATISTICS

    Accommodation Type and Tenure Household Accommodation Type Gower PCA Gower PCA % Swansea % All household spaces (incl. vacant/second homes) 35,966 100 100

    Detached 13,531 37.6 23.2 Semi-detached 13,255 36.9 33.3

    Terraced (incl. end terrace) 5,344 14.9 26.4 Flat, maisonette or apartment 2,952 8.2 16.7

    Caravan or other mobile/temporary 110 0.3 0.4 Household Tenure Gower PCA Gower PCA % Swansea % All households 33,551 100 100

    Households: Owned: Owned outright 13,955 41.6 33.4

    Owned with a mortgage or loan 12,030 35.9 30.6 Households: Rented:

    Social Rented; from Council (Local Authority) 2,687 8.0 12.7

    Social Rented; Other (incl. RSL/HA) 979 2.9 6.5 Private Rented (total) 3,281 9.8 14.7

    Other (incl. Shared Ownership, Living Rent Free) 619 1.8 2.0 Source: 2011 Census, ONS. Dwelling Stock by Council Tax Band, March 2019 Council Tax Band: A B C D E F G H I Total

    Gower PCA 2,880 6,400 7,870 6,140 5,870 4,450 2,420 800 350 37,160 Gower PCA % 7.8 17.2 21.2 16.5 15.8 12.0 6.5 2.2 0.9 100

    Swansea % 15.1 25.0 21.6 15.0 11.4 7.1 3.4 1.0 0.5 100 Source: Valuation Office Agency (VOA) administrative database as at 31 March 2019. Average house price (by type), 2018-19

    Ward \ Type: Detached Semi-det. Terraced Flat / mais. All types Gower PCA £260,000 £152,000 £129,975 £115,000 £175,000

    Change on year +£10,000 +£12,000 +£4,975 -£2,250 +£10,000 Change % (+4.0) (+8.6) (+4.0) (-1.9) (+6.1)

    Swansea average £244,998 £149,475 £113,000 £120,000 £149,000 %-change (annual) +7.6% (+£17,248) +6.8% (+£9,480) +2.7% (+£3,000) -5.1% (-£6,500) +6.4% (+£9,000) Source: House Price Statistics for subnational geographies (HPSSAs), ONS. Note: £ figures are the median price paid by property type for year ending June 2019, calculated using Land Registry data.

     Higher proportion of (especially) detached and semi-detached housing (2011 Census)

     More households in ‘owned’ (outright or with mortgage) tenures than Swansea average, and less in the social and private rented sectors

     Larger percentage of dwellings in Council Tax bands D and above than Swansea average

     House prices (June 2019, all house types) are on average £26,000 higher than the Swansea figure.

  • Information, Research & GIS - Swansea Council, February 2020. www.swansea.gov.uk/pcaprofiles 5

    SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA MSOAs within Gower PCA boundary:

     Local estimates of average net annual household

    income are available via ONS model-based estimates at MSOA (Middle Super Output Area) level for 2015/16. This constituency area contains all or part of 12 MSOAs, with figures ranging from £25,300 (Swansea 005, see map) to £32,600 (Swansea 030). The median figure (the middle value of MSOAs in this area) is £28,750; 7% above the Swansea median of £26,900.

     NS-SeC data (socio-economic position based on occupation) indicates a higher than average level of managerial and intermediate occupations (NS-SeC classes 1-4) and slightly lower proportions of routine and manual occupations (NS-SeC classes 5-7).

    Socio-economic classification (NS-SeC) Gower PCA Gower PCA % Swansea %

    All usual residents aged 16-74 56,049 100 100 1-2. Higher managerial, administrative & professional 19,862 35.4 27.5 3-4. Intermediate occupations 13,285 23.7 20.3 5-7. Routine and manual occupations 17,205 30.7 33.9 8. Never worked and long-term unemployed 1,932 3.4 5.2 Not classified (full-time students) 3,765 6.7 13.1

    Source: NS-SeC – ‘National Statistics Socio-economic Classification’ (three-class version). 2011 Census, ONS.

    ECONOMIC ACTIVITY, LABOUR MARKET AND BENEFIT STATISTICS

    Economic Activity (people aged 16-74) Gower PCA Gower PCA % Swansea %

    Economically Active 37,195 66.4 63.0 Employees: Part-time and Full-time 29,058 51.8 47.9 Self-employed 4,995 8.9 6.6 Unemployed 1,659 3.0 3.9

    Economically Inactive 18,854 33.6 37.0 Retired 10,859 19.4 15.6 Looking after Home or Family 1,808 3.2 3.7 Long-term Sick or Disabled 2,964 5.3 6.9 Other 855 1.5 2.1

    Students (economically active and inactive) 3,851 6.9 13.3

    Source: 2011 Census, ONS.

    Benefit claimants (selected, as at August 2019) Gower PCA Rate % Swansea %

    Claimant Count unemployment (JSA/UC) 965 2.1 3.4 Universal Credit (total claimants) 2,368 5.1 7.4 Incapacity Benefits (ESA and IB/SDA) 2,730 5.8 7.3 Disability-related benefits (PIP, DLA and AA) 9,195 11.6 12.4 Pension Credit (PC) 2,011 10.7 15.7

    Source: Department for Work & Pensions and ONS.

    Note: Claimant Count unemployment includes Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) claimants plus Universal Credit (UC) claimants who are required to seek work. ESA = Employment Support Allowance; IB/SDA = Incapacity Benefit / Severe Disablement Allowance; PIP = Personal Independence Payment; DLA = Disability Living Allowance; AA = Attendance Allowance. Estimated rates shown as % of population aged 16-64, except disability benefits (all people) and PC (aged 65+). Universal Credit is replacing six means-tested benefits and tax credits (known as legacy benefits): Income-based JSA; Income-related ESA; Income Support; Working Tax Credit; Child Tax Credit; Housing Benefit. Further statistical information on UC and other benefits is available.

    The use of Ordnance Survey data within this document is subject to terms and conditions - www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/business-and-government/public-sector/mapp