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Transcript of GLOBAL SITUATION OF EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES .• A previously unrecognised...

  • GLOBAL SITUATION OF EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES

    Dr Paula Cceres-SotoHead, World Animal Health Information and Analysis Department

    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, 10 June 2015

  • 22

    1) The OIE and WAHIS

    2) OIE-listed diseases and reasons for immediatenotifications

    3) Recent situation of avian influenza

    4) Recent situation of FMD

    5) Situation of PPR

    6) Recent situation of Rabies

    7) Emerging diseases

    Contents

  • 33

    1) The OIE and WAHIS

    2) OIE-listed diseases and reasons for immediatenotifications

    3) Recent situation of avian influenza

    4) Recent situation of FMD

    5) Situation of PPR

    6) Recent situation of Rabies

    7) Emerging diseases

    Contents

  • 44

    To ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation,

    including zoonosis

    One of the OIEs main objective

    General mandate of the OIE: to improve animal health worldwide

    General mandate of the OIE

  • 5

    WAHIS

    Notification

    Communication

    Prevention VeterinariansPublic

    Countries

    Oficial Veterinary Services

    Laboratories confirmation

    Farmer Veterinarian Hunter Ranger Veterinarian Fisherman

    Confirmation

    Early detection

  • 6

    Early warning system

    Monitoring system

    Information from the

    Annual reports

    Alert messages for exceptional

    epidemiological events & for emerging diseases

    Information for 117 OIE-listed diseases twice a

    year

    Veterinary ServicesVaccine productionNational laboratoriesAnimal populationHuman cases of zoonoses

    ANIMAL DISEASE INFORMATION ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

  • 7

    WAHISMonitoring & Early warning

    systems

    Surveillancein domestic

    animals

    Surveillancein wild

    animals

  • 88

    Veterinary Services

    Veterinary Services

    Veterinary Services

    Verification of consistency

    with Historical Information

    Verification of consistency in the

    Regional and Global context

    CommunicationCommunication

    Verification of Qualitative and

    Quantitativeinformation

    VALIDATION & PUBLICATION ON WAHIS interface

    Verification process

    WAHIS

  • 99

    1) The OIE and WAHIS

    2) OIE-listed diseases and reasons for immediatenotifications

    3) Recent situation of avian influenza

    4) Recent situation of FMD

    5) Situation of PPR

    6) Recent situation of Rabies

    7) Emerging diseases

    Contents

  • 1010

    International spread and absent in at

    least one country

    10

    1

    Criteria for the inclusion of diseases, infections and infestations in the OIE List

  • 1111

    11

    12

    International spread and absent in at

    least one country

    Severe consequences in

    Humans or domestic animals or wild

    animals

    AND

    Criteria for the inclusion of diseases, infections and infestations in the OIE List

  • 1212

    12

    12

    International spread and absent in at

    least one country

    Severe consequences in

    Humans or domestic animals or wild

    animals

    3

    Reliable means of detection

    and diagnosis

    ANDAND

    Criteria for the inclusion of diseases, infections and infestations in the OIE List

  • 1313

    13

    1 2 3ANDAND

    117 OIE-Listed diseases in 2015

    Criteria for the inclusion of diseases, infections and infestations in the OIE List

  • 1414

    1. First occurrence

    2. Re-occurrence

    3. New strain

    4. Sudden and unexpected change in the distribution orincrease in incidence or virulence of, or morbidity ormortality

    5. Occurrence in an unusual host species

    Disease alerts for OIE-Listed diseases

    Within 24 hours

    Article 1.1.3. of Animal Health Codes:

  • 1515

    1) The OIE and WAHIS

    2) OIE-listed diseases and reasons for immediatenotifications

    3) Recent situation of avian influenza

    4) Recent situation of FMD

    5) Situation of PPR

    6) Recent situation of Rabies

    7) Emerging diseases

    Contents

  • 1616

    Importance of AI

    Economic

    impact

    Public health

    consequences

    HPAI events (January 2014 to 25 May 2015)

    35 countries67 826 615 susceptible

    H5N1 (as of May 2015)16 countries840 cases in humans 447 deaths

    H7N9 (as of February 2015)2 countries602 cases in humans 227 deaths

  • 1717

    0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

    LPAI HPAI

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

    LPAI HPAI

    No. immediate notifications and virussubtypes for AI

    No. Immediate notifications No. Virus subtypes

    Significant increase in 2014 and 2015

  • 1818

    Distribution of infection with avian influenzaviruses in 2014 and early 2015 Subtype H5

    34 countries/territories affected

  • 1919

    Distribution of infection with avian influenzaviruses in 2014 and early 2015 Subtype H5

    5 subtypes (H5N1, H5N2, H5N3, H5N6 and H5N8)

  • 2020

    Distribution of infection with avian influenzaviruses in 2014 and early 2015 Subtype H5

    Countries/territories affected : H5N1 (9), H5N8 (5), H5N6 (4), H5N2 (2), H5N3 (2)

  • 2121

    Distribution of infection with avian influenzaviruses in 2014 and early 2015 Subtype H7

    10 countries/territories affected

  • 2222

    Distribution of infection with avian influenzaviruses in 2014 and early 2015 Subtype H7

    5 subtypes (H7N1, H7N2, H7N3, H7N7 and H7N9)

  • 2323

    Distribution of infection with avian influenzaviruses in 2014 and early 2015 Subtype H7

    Impact in Public Health:

    H7N9 (as of February 2015)602 cases in humans227 deaths

  • 2424

    1) The OIE and WAHIS

    2) OIE-listed diseases and reasons for immediatenotifications

    3) Recent situation of avian influenza

    4) Recent situation of FMD

    5) Situation of PPR

    6) Recent situation of Rabies

    7) Emerging diseases

    Contents

  • 2525

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype A

    Exceptional events: China (Peoples Rep. of)

    Chinese TaipeiRussia

  • 2626

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype O

    Exceptional events: China (Peoples Rep. of)

    Korea (Dem. Peoples. Rep. of)Korea (Rep. of)

    MongoliaRussia

  • 2727

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype Asia 1

  • 2828

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype C

  • 2929

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype SAT 1

  • 3030

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype SAT 2

  • 3131

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype SAT 3

  • 3232

    Distribution of infection with foot and mouth disease in 2014 and early 2015 : serotype not specified

    Bangladesh

  • 3333

    Analysis of WAHIS data

    Has the quality of information reported for FMD to the OIE through six-monthly reports

    improved between 2009 and 1st semester 2014?

  • 34

    Methodology

    Categorisation applied for each reporting Member Country and semester, for the evaluation of the quality of information provided for FMD, separately for

    domestic animals and wildlife

    FMD No information

    FMD present

    Disease suspected but not confirmed

    Disease confirmed but serotype(s) not specified

    Disease confirmed but serotype(s) not specified and FMD free zone(s)

    Disease confirmed and serotype(s) specified

    Disease confirmed, serotype(s) specified and FMD free zone(s)

    FMD absent

    Disease reported absent or never reported

    Disease reported absent or never reported and FMD free zone(s)

    Member Country recognised as FMD free

  • 3535

    Results - Median overall score for thequality of information reported for FMD

    Improving trend50 out of 100

    87.5 out of 100

  • 3636

    Disease widespread with 37% of the countries/territoriesaffected during the period but even more countries (45% ofMembers) having official recognition of disease-free status orfree zone(s)

    Members encouraged to implement surveillance & transmitinformation to other countries through WAHIS

    Progress noted since 2009 but some countries still notsubmitting information or not providing information on theFMD serotypes involved

    Foot and mouth disease: conclusions

  • 3737

    1) The OIE and WAHIS

    2) OIE-listed diseases and reasons for immediatenotifications

    3) Recent situation of avian influenza

    4) Recent situation of FMD

    5) Situation of PPR

    6) Recent situation of Rabies

    7) Emerging diseases

    Contents

  • 3838

    Distribution of infection with peste des petitsruminants between 2005 and early 2015

  • 3939

    Distribution of infection with peste des petitsruminants in first semester 2007

  • 4040

    Distribution of infection with peste des petitsruminants in second semester 2007

    First occurrence in China (Peoples Rep. of)

  • 4141

    Distribution of i