GLOBAL ATM · PDF file 2014. 5. 6. · PKPs (Passenger kilometres performed) = ......

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Transcript of GLOBAL ATM · PDF file 2014. 5. 6. · PKPs (Passenger kilometres performed) = ......

  • International Civil Aviation Organization

    1

    International Civil Aviation Organization

    GLOBAL ATM PLANNING

    Victor Hernandez Regional Officer ATM – SAR

  • 2

    Presentation Outline

    • Global ATM planning • ATM system • Homogenous areas and main traffic flows • Regional Forecast • ATM expectations • CAR/SAM Regional Planning • Airspace Concept

  • 3

    Global ATM planning

    • Global ATM Operational Concept (Doc 9854)

    • Global Planning (Doc 9750)

    • Regional Planning (Doc 8733)

    • National Planning

    • Global vision

    • Strategic Planning

    • Regional action

    • National action

  • 4

    ATM System (Doc 9854)

    ATM System: A Holistic Entity

    Disaggregated for discussion and role

    understanding

    The ATM System needs to be disaggregated to understand the sometimes complex interrelationship between its components.

    AOM DCB AO TS CM AUO ATMSDM

    Information Management

    All components must be present in the ATM

    System The ATM System cannot, however, function without any one of its components. The components must be re-integrated.

    DCB CMAOM

    TS AO

    AUO ATM SDM

    Complex Interaction

    ATM System: A Holistic Entity

    — Airspace management — Demand/capacity balancing — Aerodrome operations — Traffic synchronization

    — Conflict management — Airspace user operations — ATM service delivery management

  • 5

  • • Aerodrome • Airspace Providers • Airspace Users • ATM service providers

    – a) State agencies; – b) State Corporations; – c) ATM private service providers; – d) Regional ATM private service providers; and – e) independent providers for CNS/ATM ground-based providers

    • ATM Industry • ICAO • Regulator Authorities • States

    ATM COMMUNITY (Doc 9854)

  • 7

    Global ATM system

    A Worldwide system that achieves interoperability and seamlessness based on:

    – Physical interconnectedness • Homogeneous ATM areas and Major Traffic flows

    – Common requirements, Standards and procedures • Integration (TMAs, aerodromes) • Performance based equipment carriage requirements

    – Seamless safety across all regions • For all users during all phases of flight • Provides for optimum economic operations • Environmentally • Meets security

  • 9

    Traffic flows

  • States

    ATM Implementation

    Regional implementation

    Regional National

    Upper Airspace

    Lower airspace & terminal areas

    PBN approach procedures

    Aerodrome

    Medium term Long term2005 Short term

  • 11

    Global Plan; adopting a performance orientation

    • Implementation of air navigation systems in terms of performance, as more structured regulatory environment

    • Designing, planning, implementing and operating ATM systems

    • Safety – Efficiency

    • Political and socio-economic expectations of society and/or the entire aviation ATM community

    • The measures necessary to meet ATM expectations should govern the design of the system

  • 12

    ATM Expectations

    • Safety

    • Security

    • Cost-Effectiveness

    • Access and Equity

    • Capacity

    • Environment

    • Predictability

    • ATM Community

    Participation

    • Flexibility

    • Efficiency

    • Global Interoperability

  • Regional Traffic

    41%

    29%

    21%

    5%

    3% 2%

    Departures 10.7 Millions

    NAM/CAR EUR APAC SAM MID AFI

  • 14

    CAR/SAM Regions – Forecast; April 2010

    1999 - 2009 • PKPs (Passenger kilometres performed)

    = 3.6 % (4.2 % global)

    • Traffic growth • 2001 -1 % • 2002 -3 % • 2004 -9.6 %, until 2007 • 2008 -8.1 % • 2009 -0.7 %

  • 15

    CAR/SAM Regions ….

  • CAR/SAM Regions ….

  • 18

    ATFM Strategy

    TASK DESCRIPTION START-END STATUS

    DCB • identify key stakeholders (ATC service providers and users, military authorities, airport authorities, aircraft operators and relevant international organisations) for purposes of coordination and cooperation, using a CDM process;

    • identify and analyse traffic flow problems and develop methods for improving efficiencies on a gradual basis, as needed, through enhancements in current:

    -airspace organization and management (AOM) and ATS routes structure (unidirectional routes) and SID and STARS, -communication, navigation and surveillance systems, - Aerodrome capacity, - ATS capacity, - training for pilots and Controllers; and - ATS letters of agreement;

    • define common elements of situational awareness between FMUs; - common traffic displays, - common weather displays (Internet), - communications (teleconferences, web), and - daily teleconference/messages methodology advisories;

    • develop methods to establish demand/capacity forecasting;

    • develop a regional strategy and work programme for harmonized implementation of ATFM service; and,

  • 19

    ATFM Strategy Medium term (2010)

     develop a regional strategy for the implementation of flexible use of airspace (FUA);  assess use of airspace management processes;  improve current national airspace management to adjust dynamic changes in tactical stage to traffic flows;  introduce improvements in ground support systems and associated procedures for the extension of FUA with dynamic airspace management processes;  implement dynamic ATC sectorization in order to provide the best balance between demand and capacity to respond in real-time to changing situations in traffic flows, and to accommodate in short-term the preferred routes of users;

    • Define common electronic information and minimum databases required for decision support and alerting systems for interoperable situational awareness between Centralized ATFM units;

    • develop regional procedures for efficient and optimum use of aerodrome and runway capacity;

    • develop a regional ATFM procedural manual to manage demand/capacity balancing;

    • develop a regional strategy and framework for the implementation of a Centralized ATFM unit;

    • develop operational agreements between Centralized ATFM units for interregional demand/capacity balancing; and,

    • monitor implementation progress.

    Reference GPI/1: flexible use of airspace; GPI/6: air traffic flow management; GPI/7: dynamic and flexible ATS route management; GPI/9: Situational awareness; GPI/13: aerodrome design and management; GPI/14: runway operations; and GPI/16: decision support and alerting systems.

  • PBN

    Air Traffic Management

    •PBN specification •Regulations •Procedures •Training •Service Provider •Human Factors •Safety assessment (SMS)

    Communication

    Navigation

    Surveillance

    CNS

  • PBN = RNAV / RNP

    1 Nautical Mile 95% of flight time

    1 Nautical Mile 95% of flight time

    Track Centerline

    2*RNP Alert to Pilot

    The Key Extra Ingredient: On-Board Performance Monitoring and Alerting

    Performance Based Navigation

  •  Save fuel 125-1400 lbs  Up to 40% less noise

    Continuous Descent Operations (CDO)

  • RNP Approach allows 3D use

    PBN Approach - AR

  • Performance Metrics

    PBN Imple-

    mentation

    WATRS (25) = 40% +

    Capacity

    Polar Routes (5) = TBD

    Estimated Savings +USD$ 8 Millions

  • Slide Number 1 Presentation Outline Global ATM planning Slide Number 4 Slide Number 5 ATM COMMUNITY (Doc 9854) Global ATM system Global Traffic Flows Slide Number 9 ATM Implementation Global Plan; adopting a performance orientation ATM Expectations Regional Traffic CAR/SAM Regions – Forecast; April 2010 CAR/SAM Regions …. CAR/SAM Regions …. Slide Number 17 Slide Number 18 Slide Number 19 PBN PBN = RNAV / RNP Slide Number 22 PBN Approach - AR Performance Metrics Slide Number 25