GIS Services Program Population Pyramids Gregg County, TX Population pyramids are visual...

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Transcript of GIS Services Program Population Pyramids Gregg County, TX Population pyramids are visual...

  • May 2019

    COUNTY PROFILE Gregg County

    GIS Services Program

  • Table of contents

    Introduction

    01 Demography

    02

    Economy

    03 Labor Market

    04

  • Purpose

    About Gregg County

    01 Introduction

  • 4

    Purpose

    This document provides information

    and data about Gregg County that can

    be used to guide local decision-

    making activities.

    The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of

    demographic, economic and labor market

    information that local leaders, community

    organizations and others can use to gain a

    better perspective on current conditions

    and opportunities in their county.

    To strengthen the value and usability of the

    information, we showcase the data using a

    variety of visual tools, such as charts,

    graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key

    points about the data as a way of assisting

    the user with the interpretation of the

    information presented.

    Finally, short takeaway messages are

    offered at the end of each section in order

    to highlight some of the more salient

    findings.

    Introduction

    section 01

  • 5

    About Gregg County

    Introduction

    section 01

    County Background

    Established 1873

    County

    Seat

    Longview

    Area 276 sq. mi.

    Neighboring

    Counties

    Rusk

    Smith

    Harrison

    Upshur

  • Population Change

    Population Projections

    Population Pyramids

    Race

    Ethnicity

    Educational Attainment

    Takeaways

    02 Demography

  • 7

    Population Change Gregg County, TX

    Components of Population Change*, 2010-2018

    Total Change 1,962

    Natural Increase 4,785

    International Migration 1,544

    Domestic Migration -4,308

    The population growth

    rate has greatly

    diminished.

    Demography

    Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Decennial Census, 2018 Population Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change (PEPTCOMP)

    section 02

    The total population increased 1.6 percent between 2010

    and 2018. Natural Increase (births minus deaths over the

    considered period) was the major contributor with a net

    gain of 4,785 people.

    Domestic migration (the difference between the number of

    people moving out of the county versus moving in) resulted

    in a net loss of 4,308 people.

    Over the same period, international migration had a net

    increase of 1,544, indicating that the county experienced a

    growth of new people from outside the U.S.

    111,379 121,730

    123,707

    201820102000

    Total population

    projections

    *Population Change includes a residual. This is the change in population that cannot be

    attributed to any specific demographic component.

    9.3% 1.6%

  • 8

    Population Projections Gregg County, TX

    Population is

    projected to continue

    increasing at a

    decreasing rate.

    Demography

    Sources: The Texas Demographic Center (http://txsdc.utsa.edu/data/TPEPP/Projections/ )

    section 02

    125,112 125,729

    127,029 127,679

    2030202520202018*

    Population

    projections

    0.5% 1.0% 0.5%

    *2018 Population in the above chart is from a different source than the previous slide.

    The Texas Demographic Center released population

    projections for all counties in Texas that go from 2010

    through 2050.

    Gregg County’s projected population in 2050 is 123,702.

    Population is projected to peak in 2032 and gradually

    decrease afterward. 121000

    122000

    123000

    124000

    125000

    126000

    127000

    128000

    P o

    p u

    la ti

    o n

    Year

  • 9

    Population Pyramids Gregg County, TX

    Population pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender.

    The male to female ratio of the population did not

    change dramatically between 2010 and 2017.

    Demography

    section 02

    The percent of people under 50 years old has slightly

    decreased for both males and females over the 2010 to

    2017 period.

    Male Female

    20172010

    Male Female

    7.7

    7.0

    7.2

    6.5

    5.5

    6.5

    4.5

    2.8

    1.2

    7.2

    6.6

    6.9

    6.5

    6.0

    6.6

    5.5

    3.2

    2.6

    10 5 0 5 10

    00-09

    10-19

    20-29

    30-39

    40-49

    50-59

    60-69

    70-79

    80+

    Percent of the Population

    A g e

    C o

    h o

    rt

    7.3

    7.6

    7.2

    6.1

    6.6

    6.2

    3.9

    2.6

    1.3

    7.1

    6.8

    7.3

    6.1

    6.9

    6.6

    4.5

    3.4

    2.7

    10 5 0 5 10

    00-09

    10-19

    20-29

    30-39

    40-49

    50-59

    60-69

    70-79

    80+

    Percent of the Population

    A g e

    C o

    h o

    rt

    Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (S0101: Age and Sex)

  • 10

    Social Identification of Race & Ethnicity Gregg County, TX

    Demography

    Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (B03002: Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race)

    section 02

    White

    71%

    Other

    29%

    2010

    Black

    Asian

    Native

    Other

    Mixed

    Whites

    74%

    Other

    26%

    2017

    Black

    Asian

    Native

    Other

    Mixed

    • The white population of Gregg County

    increased about 3 percent from 2010

    to 2017

    • Black or African American represents

    20% of the population

  • 11

    Social Identification of Race & Ethnicity Gregg County, TX

    Hispanics are individuals of

    any ethnic group whose

    ancestry is from any Spanish-

    speaking country (North,

    Central or South America, The

    Caribbean and Spain)

    There were 17,928 Hispanics

    residing in Gregg County in 2010.

    This figure expanded to 22,449 by

    2017, a 25.2 percent increase.

    As a result, Hispanics now make

    up 18.2 percent of the overall

    population (versus 15 percent in

    2010).

    Demography

    section 02

    18.2%

    15%

    Hispanics - 2010

    Hispanics - 2017

    Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (B03002: Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race)

  • 12

    Educational Attainment Gregg County, TX

    Demography

    section 02

    15%

    29%

    37%

    18%

    No Diploma

    High School

    Some

    College/Associate's

    Bachelor's degree

    or higher

    2017

    19%

    30%

    33%

    18%

    No Diploma

    High School

    Some

    College/Associate's

    Bachelor's degree or

    higher

    2010

    Educational attainment for adults 18

    years of age and older in Gregg County

    is increasing.

    The proportion of adults (18 years of age

    and older) with a high school education or

    more improved from 81 percent in 2010 to

    85 percent by 2017.

    The percentage with less than a high

    school education fell by 4 percent between

    2010 and 2017.

    Those with some college education grew

    from 33 percent to 37 percent.

    The number of adults with a bachelor’s

    degree or more stayed unchanged at 18%

    Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (S1501: Educational Attainment)

  • 13

    Takeaways

    The population of Gregg County has grown since

    2010 and is expected to continue growing slowly

    over the next few years. Natural Increase and

    International Migration have been positive, while

    Domestic Migration has been negative since

    2010.

    The domestic out-migration experienced,

    suggests that young individuals and those of

    prime working age (20-39 years of age) are

    moving out of the county at a faster pace than

    they are moving in which is surprising and

    worrisome for the second largest county in the

    region.

    In addition, the aging of the population and

    relative lack of diversity are not likely to benefit

    future population growth.

    Educational attainment has increased slightly, but

    not enough, in Gregg County since 2010.

    In order to achieve a balanced ratio of

    working-age individuals and dependents

    (minors and elderly), Gregg County should

    explore what mix of services and amenities

    will retain and attract educated young

    adults.

    Demography

    section 02

  • Establishments

    Industries

    Occupations

    Median Earnings

    Poverty Rates

    Income and Inflation

    Opp