GILDED AGE POLITICS POLITICAL MACHINES, REFORM, POPULISM

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Transcript of GILDED AGE POLITICS POLITICAL MACHINES, REFORM, POPULISM

  • GILDED AGE POLITICSPOLITICAL MACHINES, REFORM, POPULISM

  • POLITICAL MACHINESDEFINITION:A GANG OF PEOPLE WHO CONTROLLED CITY GOVT FOR THEIR OWN PROFIT AND SELF INTEREST

  • HOW THEY GOT MONEYGRAFT/PADDING BILLS:ILLEGAL USE OF POLITICAL INFLUENCE FOR PERSONAL GAINOVERCHARGE TAX PAYERS TO BUILD STUFF FOR THE GOVT. THE BUILDERS AND MACHINE MEMBERS SPLIT THE EXTRA $$.BRIBES:GOVT OFFICIALS WOULD ACCEPT BRIBES FOR LICENSES, NOT DOING INSPECTIONS, ETC. THE OFFICALS WOULD KICKBACK SOME OF THE MONEY TO THE MACHINE

  • HOW THEY GOT VOTESIMMIGRANTS:THE MACHINE MEMBERS GAVE IMMIGRANTS JOBS, ARRANGED FOR HOUSING IN EXCHANGE FOR VOTESPADDING LISTS/FRAUD:MACHINE MEMBERS USE DEAD PEOPLES NAMES, DOGS, IMGINARY PEOPLES NAMES THEN ADD THEM TO THE LIST OF REGISTERED VOTERS AND VOTE ILLEGALLY

  • ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTUREPARTY BOSS

    WARD BOSS

    PRECINCT CAPTAIN

    COMMON PEOPLEBUSINESSMEN

  • EXPOSING MACHINES &CORRUPTIONTHOMAS NASTA CARTOONIST WHO EXPOSED POLITICAL MACHINES THROUGH HIS DRAWINGSMOST POOR PEOPLE COULDNT READ WELLRAISED AWARENESS AMONG THE COMMON PEOPLE OF WHY POLITICAL MACHINES WERE BAD

  • EXAMPLETAMMANY HALL: DEMOCRATIC HEADQUARTERS OF NY CITY/POLITICAL MACHINE OF NYCBOSS TWEED: POLITICAL BOSS OF NY CITYTWEED RING: GROUP THAT CONTROLLED TAMMANY HALLNY COUNTY COURTHOUSE- BOSS TWEED CHARGED TAXPAYERS $13 MILLION TO BUILD COURTHOUSE BUT IT ONLY COST $3 MILLION. HE POCKETED $10 MILLION

  • REFORM IN THE GILDED AGETARIFFPOOR WANT

    RICH WANT

    RELEVANT PRESIDENTS

    RESULT

    WINNERLOWER TARIFF: HIGHER TARIFF: HIGHER TARIFF DONT WANT TO COMPETE WITH FOREIGN GOODS

    CLEVELAND- TRIES TO LOWER, NO SUCCESSHARRISON- RAISED TARIFFS TO 48%CLEVELAND- ONLY LOWERED TO 41%MCKINLEY- RAISED BACK TO 46%

    HIGH TARIFF

    RICH

  • REFORM IN THE GILDED AGEMONETARYPOOR WANT

    RICH WANT

    RELEVANT PRESIDENTS

    RESULT

    WINNERMORE $ PRINTED- BIMETALLISM (GOLD AND SILVER)

    LESS $ PRINTED- GOLD STANDARD TO MAKE VALUE HIGHER

    HAYES VETOES, BUT CONGRESS PASSES BLAND ALLISON ACT- ALLOWED SOME SILVER COINAGE1890- SILVER PURCHASE ACT PASSED BY HARRISON- GOVT BUYS EXCESS SILVERCLEVLAND REPEALS1900- GOLD STANDARD ACT PASSED

    GOLD STANDARD

    RICH

  • REFORM IN THE GILDED AGECIVIL SERVICEPOOR WANT

    RICH WANT

    RELEVANT PRESIDENTS

    RESULT

    WINNEREND OF SPOILS SYSTEM- WANT JOBS BASED ON MERIT

    CONTINUE SPOILS SYSTEM- MEANS FED. EMPLOYEES WOULD CHANGE WITH EVERY PRESIDENT

    HAYES TRIES TO CLEAN UP THE NYC CUSTOM HOUSE BUT CONGRESS DOES NOT SUPPORTSTALWARTS FORM TO OPPOSE REFORMGARFIELD STARTS REFORM BUT ASSASSINATED!!VP ARTHUR TURNS REFORMER PASSES PENDLETON ACT- MAKE FED. APPOINTMENTS BASED ON CANDIDATES PERFORMANCE ON TESTCIVIL SERVICE REFORM- NOW LIMITED # OF PEOPLE ARE CHANGED

    POOR

  • FARMERS IN THE GILDED AGEDEBTSOWED $ FORNEW MACHINERY, SEED, LAND, ETC.HARD TO PAY DEBTS SINCEBANKS AND WEALTHY CONTROLLED THE $ SUPPLY (UNDER PRINTING MONEY)RICH WANT LESS $ PRINTED, ONLY BACKED BY GOLD- CALLEDGOLDBUGSFARMERS WANT GOLD AND SILVER USED TO BACK $ SO MORE CAN BE PRINTED- CALLEDSILVERITES AND BIMETALLISM

  • FARMERS IN THE GILDED AGERAILROADSWERE OVERCHARGING FARMERS TO SHIP CROPS. HAD A MONOPOLYFARMERS WANT THE GOVT TO STOP THIS AND REGULATE THEMTHEY FORM A SOCIAL/POLITICAL ORGANIZATION CALLED GRANGE FOUNDER OLIVER HUDSON KELLEYTHE GRANGE SUCCESSFULLY ELECT LOCAL AND STATE POLITICIANS TO REGULATE RRDS IN STATES. UPHELD BY COURT CASE MUNN V. ILLINOISBUT MOST RRDS RUN BETWEEN STATES AND NEED FEDERAL OVERSIGHTINTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT WILL BE PASSED, BUT NOT ENFORCED

  • POPULIST PARTYPOPULISM:MEMBERS: FARMERS, FACTORY WORKERS, PEOPLES PARTY, LITTLE PEOPLE, MINERS, WOMENWANTED: BIMETALLISM AND FREE COINAGE OF SILVER, LIMITED HOURS OF WORK, GOVT REGULATION OF RRDSNOMINATE: WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN TO RUN FOR PRESIDENT

  • POPULISMREPUBLICANSMEMBERS: GOLDBUGS, WEALTHY, POWERFUL, BUSINESS INTERESTSMCKINLEY: THE FRONT PORCH CAMPAIGN- AT HIS HOUSE COME AND WAVE

  • WIZARD OF OZOZ: OUNCES (GOLD AND SILVER MEASURED IN)- WASHINGTON, D.C.DOROTHY: COMMON MANWICKED WITCHES: RR-WEST, BANKS- EASTMUNCHKINS: FACTORY WORKERS, FARMERS, MINERSYELLOW BRICK ROAD: GOLD STANDARDSLIPPERS: SILVERTIN MAN: FACTORY WORKERS (MISSING HEART FROM INDUSTRIALIZATION)SCARECROW: FARMERS (MISSING BRAIN)LION: WJBWIZARD: PRESIDENCY

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