GFPR DC Launch Event

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Transcript of GFPR DC Launch Event

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Shenggen FanDirector GeneralIFPRIMARCH 18, 2015 | WASHINGTON, D.C.Strong advances against hunger and povertyHunger is decreasingas is extreme povertySteady GDP growth2014

Advanced economiesLICs & MICs4.4% 1.8% 700 million people209 million peopleLowest staple food pricessince 2010FAO Food Price Index2Food policy in 2014Mixed resultsPROGRESSVULNERABILITIESHOPEHigher priority for nutrition Greater understanding of role of WASHNew commitments on trade and climateIncreased attention to resilienceFocus on family farming

Persistent conflicts Re-emerging zoonotic diseases (e.g. Ebola, Avian flu)Continued extreme weather shocks (e.g. Typhoon Hagupit)Rising food safety scandalsHigher prices of nutritious foods

SDGsrefining goalsChina-US climate dealmaking real advancesLima GHG accordrealizing more progress in ParisGlobal Alliance for CSAdriving greener productionICN2 sequelsustaining action on nutritionCompact2025pushing knowledge frontier3Regional and national developments High food inflation; intense climatic riskNew schemes of financial inclusion for the poorReduced fuel subsidies Built strategic grain reservesRecommitted to CAADP (Malabo Declaration) Pledged to reduce child malnutrition by 2025 (5 more SUN countries)Renewed commitment to food security and food safety (Beijing Declaration)Reforms of agric. and social protection policies Remained food production powerhouseNew South-South learning initiatives e.g. Brazils Zero HungerAfricaSouth AsiaMENALACEast AsiaSOUTH ASIAIndia: 2013 National Food Security Act was fully implemented by 5 of Indias 29 states and partly implemented by 6 other statesAdopted a scheme to help the countrys poor open 75 million bank accounts; although the accounts would start with a zero balance, they represent a first step in increasing poor peoples participation in the financial system Nepal: Adopted a new 20-year Agricultural Development Strategy designed to reduce poverty through agriculture-led growth Bangladesh: Approved the commercial cultivation of genetically modified Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) eggplant under government supervision. In 2014, 20 small eggplant farmers were given Bt seedlings for cultivation; the government plans to increase Bt eggplant cultivation in the next five years

AFRICA: Malabo Declaration signed at African Union Summit in June, committing themselves to agriculture-led growth as laid out in the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), launched in 2003. Also committed to ending hunger and halving poverty by 2025, tripling intra-African trade in agricultural commodities, and building agricultures resilience to climate variability and shocks MENA: Egypt and Tunisia: Experienced more stability, attracting domestic and foreign investmentEAST ASIA: China: Number 1 Central Document signaled a shift away from the countrys traditional emphasis on food self-sufficiency and toward heavier reliance on international trade to achieve food security aims, and also strengthened farmers property rights.Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam: Implemented extensive agricultural policy reformsBeijing Declaration on APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Food Security, reaffirmed the regions commitment to cooperating on food security and food safety. 4MICs should not be neglectedGlobal economic powerhousesBUT home to nearly half of the worlds hungryCan help end hunger and malnutritionWithin own countriesIn other countries via investments, trade and sharing experiences

Multiple burdens of malnutrition in MICs

Common features in MICsProgress in reducing hunger and undernutrition, butRising inequalitiesUrbanization and changing consumer preferencesLack of focus on nutrition, poor targeting in safety nets

7Accelerating progress in MICs and beyondReshape agriculture for nutrition and healthReduce inequalities, focus on gender and smallholdersImprove rural infrastructure, esp. sanitationExpand effective social safety netsFacilitate southsouth knowledge sharing

8Toward inclusive and resilient food systemReshaping global development agendaTranslating G7 commitments to actionAdvancing climate talks Tackling multiple burdens of malnutritionDealing with wild cardsoil and food prices

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Launch in November 2015Evidence-based, country-led approach Established networks and new playersKnowledge and innovation hubGlobal and national champions10