Geography of Europe. Physical Map Political Map
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Geography of Europe
Geography of Europe
Danube RiverThe Danube (/dnjub/ DAN-ewb), is Europe's second-longest river, located in Central and Eastern Europe.The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today flows through 10 nations. Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 1,914km (1,189mi), passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea. Its drainage basin extends into nine more nations.
Rhine RiverThe Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubnden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands. It is the second longest river in Central and Western Europe (after the Danube), at about 1,230km (760mi)European PlainScandinavian PeninsulaThe Scandinavian Peninsula is a peninsula in Northern Europe, which today covers Norway, Sweden and most of northern Finland.The Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest peninsula of Europe, larger than the Balkan, the Iberian and the Italian peninsulas.
Iberian PeninsulaThe Iberian Peninsula also known as Iberiais a peninsula located in the southwest corner of Europe. With an area of approximately 582,000km2 (225,000sqmi), it is the third largest European peninsula, after the Scandinavian and Balkan peninsulas. The peninsula is divided between four states: Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and France; as well as Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.Ural MountainsThe Ural Mountains or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan. The mountain range forms the natural boundary between Europe and Asia. The mountains are rich in various deposits, including metal ores, coal, precious and semi-precious stones.
PyrennesThe Pyrenees is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between France and Spain. It separates the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe, and extends for about 491km (305mi) from the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea
The AlpsThe Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750mi) across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
Mediterranean SeaThe Mediterranean Sea) is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa. The sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, although it is usually identified as a separate body of water.
English ChannelThe English Channel also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. It is about 560km (350mi) long and varies in width from 240km (150mi) at its widest to 33.1km (20.6mi) in the Strait of Dover. It is the smallest of the shallow seas around the continental shelf of Europe, covering an area of some 75,000square kilometers.