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Build your own gazebo!

Transcript of Gazebo - Fh00jau

  • PROJECT PLAN

    GazeboThis article originally appeared in The Family Handyman magazine.

    For subscription information, visit www.familyhandyman.com

    Please note that pages that appeared in the magazine as advertisements will not be included with this pdf. Page numbering may beinterrupted if an advertisement ran within the original story. Addresses, phone numbers, prices, part numbers and other informationmay have changed since original publication.

    Copyright 2005 Home Service Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized reproduction, in any manner, is prohibited. The Family Handyman, Handy Hints and Great Goofs are regis-tered trademarks of RD Publications, Inc. Ask Handyman, Handyman Garage, How a House Works, Re.Do, Re.Mod, TFH Reports, The Home Improvement Authority, Using Tools,Woodworks, Wordless Workshop, Workshop Tips, You Can Fix It, You Can Grow It are trademarks of RD Publications, Inc.

  • 32 JULY /AUGUST 2000 THE FAMILY HANDYMAN

  • THE FAMILY HANDYMAN JULY /AUGUST 2000 33

    esides gracing the back yard with its splendor andcalming presence, a gazebo is the perfect place toentertain. One look at this beauty and youll bepicturing it filled with family and friends, cele-brating a graduation or even a backyard wedding.

    We designed this 12-ft. dia. gazebo with plenty of eye-pleasing trim, from the pattern-cut rails that surround theseating area to the ball-shaped finial atop the cupola. Yet itseasy to build if you follow our special hints, tips, technical

    illustrations and Cutting List.

    Youre no doubtwondering what thisgem costs to build.Well, you could pay$15,000 and let a contractor have all thefun, or you could buildit yourself for about$3,800. You can pocketthe savingsor throwone really great party.

    This project is not as dif-ficult as it looks. Think ofit as a series of severalshorter projects with anend goal in sight for each.You can make all the dec-orative parts in yourgarage or shop (especiallyon rainy days). If youhave several friends helpyou with the slab andframing (promise themanything), you canspread these two tasksover several weeks. Aproject like this wouldtake two experienced car-penters nine workingdays from start to finish.An intermediate do-it-yourselfer who has built adeck should plan this as awhole summer project.NOTE: You must have asite that slopes less than 4 in. over 12 ft. (any morethan this will requiresome excavating).

    This gazebo isbuilder-friendly

    by David Radtke

    Solid constructionhidden steel fasteners

    Complex roof made simplewith step-by-step photos

    Decorative trimpatterns provided

    B

  • 34 JULY /AUGUST 2000 THE FAMILY HANDYMAN

    Fig. A

    3-1/2" DIA. WOOD BALL

    4"

    5-1/2"

    1-1/2"

    1-1/2"

    12"

    13-1/2"

    2" SCREW(TYPICAL)

    14-1/4"

    12" METAL STRAP

    12" METAL STRAP

    METAL STANDOFF

    3/4" QUARTER ROUND TRIM;MITER ENDS(TYPICAL)

    2" x 18" x 18"INLAID STONES

    CONCRETE SLAB

    TRIM TO OCTAGON SHAPE

    2-1/4"

    1-1/2" 5-1/2"7-1/2"

    67-1/2DEGREEBEVEL

    CUT FROM 2x6s

    CUT FROM1" THICKDECKING

    CUT SAW KERF IN POST TO FIT METAL STRAP (SEE FIG. B)

    67-1/2

    3/8" x 3"BOLT

    S2

    S2

    CUPOLA SECTION

    S1

    S1

    M

    M

    R2

    R1

    R1

    T1

    T1

    T1

    T2

    H2

    G3

    G3L

    LNN

    N

    K1P

    Q

    Q

    P

    A

    D1,D2

    C2

    C1

    D2

    D1A

    A

    A

    B

    B

    B, E, F, H1, H2

    E

    F

    F

    F

    F

    G2

    G1

    J

    J

    K1

    K2

    H1

    H1

    H1

    C1,C2

    Story NumberStory NameGazeboIssueEditorDave RadtkeArt DirectorBob UngerTech Art Version3D 5/15/00

    G A Z E B OOverview

  • THE FAMILY HANDYMAN JULY /AUGUST 2000 35

    You dont have to get the slab dimen-sions perfect, but the closer theycome to it, the easier things will belater. If you hate doing concretework, skip this section, photocopy itand give it to your concrete mason. Acrew can do the work for about$1,200 while youre out shopping forlumber or cutting parts (but you cancut the cost to a couple of hundred ifyou do it!). Theres also an article inour May 00 issue on pouring con-crete thatll fill in a lot of gaps in thissubject area. (To order a copy, see p. 114.) Follow Fig. B closely if youdecide to do it yourself.

    Begin by driving a 2-ft. piece ofrigid electrical conduit at theintended center of the gazebo. Drive

    it in 18 in. Remove the sod with arented sod cutter. Youll need toexcavate a 9-in. deep area radiatingout about 78 in. from the conduit.After that youll set forms and put ina layer of 1/4-in. gravel to the dimen-sions shown in Fig. B. The idea is tohave the outside foot or more of theslab thicker to support the weight ofthe structure.

    Build your forms after carefullyexamining Fig. B. Set your circularsaw at 22-1/2 degrees and cut eight2x8 exterior forms with the short sidemeasuring 57-1/2 in. Screw the formstogether with 3-in. deck screws. Havea friend help you align the forms sothe eight corners of the forms are all

    KEY QTY. SIZE AND DESCRIPTION A 8 3-1/2 x 3-1/2 x 102 postsB 8 1-1/2 x 5-1/2 x 56-1/2

    top platesC1 16 7/8 x 3-1/2 x 31 cedar

    wrap*C2 16 7/8 x 3-1/2 x 36 cedar

    wrap*D1 16 7/8 x 5-1/4 x 31 cedar

    wrap*D2 16 7/8 x 5-1/4 x 36 cedar

    wrap*E 8 1-1/2 x 3-1/2 x 50-3/4

    cedar headersF 30 1-1/2 x 3-1/2 x 50 cedar

    railsG1 56 3/4 x 5-1/2 x 27 balustersG2 96 3/4 x 3-1/2 x 8 spandrel

    picketsG3 16 3/4 x 3-1/2 x 13 cupola

    pickets (wilson pickets)H1 280 ft. 3/4 x 3/4 retainer strips

    (cut to fit)H2 16 ft. 3/4 x 3/4 retainer strips

    (cut to fit)J 16 1-1/8 x 9-1/4 x 22-1/2

    corner bracesK1 8 1-1/2 x 5-1/2 x 102 lower

    raftersK2 8 1-1/2 x 7-1/4 x 24 rafter

    tail buildupsL 8 3/4 x 1-1/2 x 34 inner

    vertical rafter tiesM 8 1-1/2 x 5-1/2 x 32 cupola

    raftersN 1 3-1/2 x 3-1/2 x 50

    octagonal rafter hub P 8 1-1/2 x 3-1/2 x 32 outer

    vertical rafter tiesQ 16 1-1/2 x 3-1/2 x 10

    horizontal rafter tiesR1 8 7/8 x 8-1/2 x 6 lower

    fascia (cut to length)R2 8 7/8 x 5-1/2 x 2 upper

    fascia (cut to length)S1 1 See Fig. AS2 2 See Fig. AT1 300 ft. 1 x 2-3/4 lower roof

    sheathing (5/4 decking cut in two)

    T2 320 ft. 1 x 5-1/2 upper roof sheathing (5/4 decking)

    Cutting List

    4-3/4"

    7"

    2"GRAVEL

    3-1/2"

    3/8" DIA. HOLE

    CONCRETE SLAB

    3/8" x 2"CROSS BOLT

    12" STEEL ANCHOR

    POST CENTER

    57-1/2"

    72-1/2"

    45DEGREES

    45DEGREES

    INSET STONES2" x 18" x 18"

    70" TOPOST CENTER

    74-3/4" TOSLAB POINT

    12" STEEL ANCHOR(SEE SECTION VIEW)

    CL

    CL

    22-1/2 DEGREES

    C

    L

    4"

    Story NumberStory NameGazebo / Slab IssueEditorDave RadtkeArt DirectorBob UngerTech Art Version3D 5/15/00

    4-3/4"

    7"

    2"GRAVEL

    3-1/2"

    3/8" DIA. HOLE

    CONCRETE SLAB

    3/8" x 2"CROSS BOLT

    12" STEEL ANCHOR

    POST CENTER

    57-1/2"

    72-1/2"

    45DEGREES

    45DEGREES

    INSET STONES2" x 18" x 18"

    70" TOPOST CENTER

    74-3/4" TOSLAB POINT

    12" STEEL ANCHOR(SEE SECTION VIEW)

    CL

    CL

    22-1/2 DEGREES

    C

    L

    4"

    Story NumberStory NameGazebo / Slab IssueEditorDave RadtkeArt DirectorBob UngerTech Art Version3D 5/15/00

    The slab

    G A Z E B O

    Fig. BConcrete Slaband Paver Detail

  • 18" x 18" PAVERS INSET

    CONCRETE SLAB

    36 JULY /AUGUST 2000 THE FAMILY HANDYMAN

    CARRIAGEBOLT

    KERFCUT FORSTEELANCHOR

    ALUMINUM POST STANDOFF

    G A Z E B O

    TIGHTEN THE NUTonto the carriage bolt.Temporarily brace the4x4s if necessary. Besure you have thestandoff screwed tothe posts before youmark and drill thehole.

    2

    side. Center it as shown and drive inthe stakes on the inside of the formsand screw them together.

    The slab will require about 1-1/2yds. of concrete and four 10-ft. piecesof No. 4 rebar. Have plenty of help (atleast three strong backs and twoheavy-duty wheelbarrows). Wheel-barrow the concrete and dump it into

    the same distance from the conduitcenter. If these measurements are allequal, your slab will be a perfect octa-gonget it as close as you can. Drive3/4 in. x 2-1/2 in. stakes along theoutside of the forms at each intersec-tion, level the forms and screw theforms to the stakes.

    Now build a square inner form forthe patio inlay, 72-1/2 in. on each

    CUT THE POSTS TO LENGTH and mountthe aluminum standoff underneath. Trans-fer the hole locations in your steelanchors to the sides of the post.Drill a 1-1/4 in. recessedhole followed by a 3/8-in. hole forthe 3-in.carriagebolt,

    washer and nut.

    1

  • G A Z E B OG A Z E B O

    the forms, lay rebar 4 in. in along theperimeter, screed the concrete with astraight 2x4, then run the hand floatover it. Set your anchors in at thelocations shown in Fig. B. Wait tillthe concrete is firm (you should haveto push hard to leave a thumbprint).Smooth it with a steel trowel, cover itwith 4-mil clear plastic and let it setfor two days. Keep kids and petsaway.

    4x4 POSTS(A)

    2x6 TOPPLATES

    3

    SCREW THE 2x6 TOPPLATES to the 4x4 posts with3-in. galvanized screws. If yourposts are set properly, the topplates should all be the same

    length. Make any adjustmentsto ensure the posts will all be

    plumb. Use a level to plumb theposts and install temporary

    bracing (shown in Photo 7). Cutand install the post wraps C1

    and C2 at this time.

  • G A Z E B O

    Make the anchors by cutting 12-in.lengths of 1/8-in. x 1-1/8 in. steel andboring 7/16-in. dia. holes into themas