Gass som energibærer

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Gass som energibærer. Teknologikonferansen 2011- Gass som energibærer i fiskeflåten. Backdrop. Various drivers for LNG as fuel: Emission regulations. Cost efficient ECA alternative. Consumer demands!. 3 ,6 MRD GBP/yr!. EIA 2011. Norway is taking the lead on LNG. Confirmed orderbook. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gass som energibrerTeknologikonferansen 2011- Gass som energibrer i fiskefltenHenning Mohn, MScBusiness Development LeaderDNV Advisorylesund, 13 Oct 2011 Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20111Backdrop2 Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20112

Various drivers for LNG as fuel: Emission regulations.Cost efficient ECA alternative. Consumer demands!3

EIA 20113,6 MRD GBP/yr!

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 201134Norway is taking the lead on LNGShips in operationConfirmed orderbookYearType of vesselOwnerClass2000Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2003PSVSimon MksterDNV2003PSVEidesvikDNV2006Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2007Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2007Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2007Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2007Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2008PSVEidesvik ShippingDNV2009PSVEidesvik ShippingDNV2009Car/passenger ferryTide SjDNV2009Car/passenger ferryTide SjDNV2009Car/passenger ferryTide SjDNV2009Patrol vesselREMDNV2009Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2010Patrol vesselREMDNV2010Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2010Patrol vesselREMDNV2010Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2010Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2010Car/passenger ferryFosen Namsos SjDNV2011PSVDOFDNVYearType of vesselOwnerClass2011Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2011PSVSolstad RederiDNV2011General CargoNordnorsk ShippingDNV2012PSVOlympic ShippingDNV2012PSVEidesvikDNV2012PSVEidesvikDNV2012Ro-RoSea-CargoDNV2012Ro-RoSea-CargoDNV2012High speed RoPaxBuquebusDNV2012PSVIsland OffshoreDNV2012PSVIsland OffshoreDNV2012PSVREMDNV2013Ro-RoNorlines2013Ro-RoNorlines2013Car/passenger ferryTorghatten NordDNV2013Car/passenger ferryTorghatten NordDNV2013Car/passenger ferryTorghatten NordDNV2013Car/passenger ferryTorghatten NordDNV2013RoPaxViking LineLR2013PSVHarvey Gulf Int. Marine2013PSVHarvey Gulf Int. MarinePlanned conversionYearType of vesselOwner2011Car/passenger ferryFjord1DNV2011Chemical tankerTarbit ShippingGL2013RoPaxFjordlineDNV2013RoPaxFjordlineDNV Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20114Training & Qualifications5 Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20115LNG as fuel: Onboard operational experiencesThere are no specific requirements to crew training internationally or nationallyHowever, Norwegian Maritime Directorate sets standards for training programmesEvery ship-owner needs to ensure good safety behaviour through company proceduresEstablish a winning culture from start, anchored with onboard staff AND shore side managementTraining from system suppliers for all shifts involved with LNG. Consider additional training.Establish and follow good operation and maintenance routinesDeviation control, Emergency drills6

LNG is safe because risk is dealt with properly! Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20116Norwegian rules (1)LNG fuelled vessels require additional training and certificates.Plan training early. Involve all affected personnel, also on shore. Engine and tank/cold box suppliers provides high quality, repeated training. PAX ship owners/operators must develop a total NMD training programme:FOR 9. Sept 2009 no. 1218 (Construction & operation of gas fuelled PAX vessels)(FAGPLAN). This is common also for operators of LNG fuelled OSVs:

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Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20117Norwegian rules (2)Norwegian Maritime Directorate, NMD: Onboard training shall always be in accordance with the latest NMD instructionAll safety crew onboard: Basic TrainingDeck personnel: Additional training category B for relevant LNG equipment Engine personnel: Additional training category C for relevant LNG equipment NMD to approve training programme for categories A, B and C prior to training The training programme must have a dedicated owner, and qualified trainersProof of adequate training for all personnel to be kept onboardDevelop Check Lists for Deck& bunkering station, Engine, Bridge, entering Cold box, releasing over pressure etc. Example:

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Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20118LNG as fuel: Bunkering roles and responsibilitiesDefine roles and areas of responsibility clearlyBunkering station must ensure good safety behavior through company proceduresTraining for everybody involved with bunkering.Establish and follow good operation and maintenance routinesDeviation control, Emergency drills

Remember:Bunkering takes some timeBunkering is not difficultMeet the routines (inerting, pressure control etc)Communicate with receiving vessel.9The industry is now developing practices and standards for bunkering

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20119Operational conditions10 Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 2011101111LNG is safeTwo main areas of difference from other fuels:Cryogenic effectsForms gas clouds

LNG has a strong track recordNo significant incidents with shipsVery few incidents on land

But, this performance is due to:Stricter requirementsGood safety behaviour

LNG success stories in Norway due to Government requirements and incentives Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20111112 October 20111112When rules are missing, a risk based approach is necessaryFire/explosionHazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles & human interventionExternal HazardsPollutionGroundingMechanical hazardsOther hazards generated by materials and substancesLeakage of liquid LNG causing loss of structural integrityEnvironmental HazardsConsequenceProbability CollisionsHazards generated by malfunctionsElectrical hazards Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 2011Hazid results from STS Gothenburg12 October 2011121313

Status on rules, regulation, and standardizationGas fuelled ships:DNV class rules published 2001Norwegian Maritime Directorate has rulesInterim Guidelines for IGF code, 2010Port and bunker operations:Limited experience and documentationStandards do not cover all bunkering Development under way:STS Gothenburg (Got LNG)Bungas Port of HamburgEU funded studyISO project:Develop standard for LNG bunkering equipment and procedures.DNV proposal to ISO TC67/WG10 (workgroup for the LNG industry)

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 20111314IMO - IGC CodeRules for the bunker boat, which is a small LNG carrier

IMO - IGF CodeRules for the receiving ship, the ship using LNG as fuel

SIGGTOGuidelines for LNG transfer

OCIMFGuidelines for Oil transfer, ship to ship oil bunker procedures

Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency - MSBRegulations on land

Swedish Transport Agency Maritime departmentRegulations at sea

Port regulations e.g. Green bunkering for Port of Gteborg

STS Gothenburg: Several rules/guidelines relevant, but not directly applicable Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 201114Dig deep in rules and regulations1415Norways neighbour countries are now developing Bunkering infrastructure. Often emerging form LNG import terminals

It started with Gasnor of Norway.New suppliers now follow suit. - Will LNG prices decouple from the oil price, and will LNG be the financial winner? Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 201115Norwegian authorities have introduced a NOx tax which is one of the drivers for using LNG as fuel in Norwegian watersSimilar setups are being developed in the Baltic, even without a NOx tax

Technical challenges16 Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 201116Time to take stock on experiences with LNG?20 ships launched over the past 10 yearsSome 200 000 hours of operation loggedQualitative feedback:Less sootClean boiler suitsLess maintenanceQuantitative feedback:Nothing we are aware ofHowever; no big incidents are recorded

LNG fuelled ships has recently been ordered, the technology is safe and available. It is time for growth.LNG ships in Norwegian trades qualify for significant NOx fund support .

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Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 2011Calculated operations logged by: 20 ships * 5 years of operation on average * 2000 hours per year on average12 October 201117LNG engines: Some Technical observations18OTHER:- Suppliers aims to follow their installations closely, after sales programmes- Pressure variations in different cylinders observed, does not seem critical Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesundHenning Mohn 13 October 201112 October 201118Waiting for more experiences with2-stroke dual fuel enginesLatest generation 4-stroke engines, lean-burn and dual fuel

The future belongs to reliable fuel efficient engines with low-emissionsWhat more to come?

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Rolls Royce Lean burnWrtsil Dual fuelMAN Dual fuel

Mitsubishi Lean burn Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.Teknologikonferansen 2011, lesun