Gallbladder 11182011

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The Gallbladder

The GallbladderPresented by: Kim Co CN-08 Claude Ang CN-29 Biology Yr. 2-BWhat is the gallbladder?a sac located under the livercollects and stores bile from the activities of the liver releases it at the appropriate time into the duodenum (first section of the small intestine)

Parts of the Gallbladder:Three sections: >neck- the narrower part that tapers into the cystic duct >body- main dilated portion that lies between the fundus and cystic duct

>fundus- the bottom that protrudes from under the liver

Digestive SystemLocation:behind the liver on the right side of the rib cageconnected to the liver and upper portion part of the small intestine (duodenum) via a duct system

Functions:the organ that aids mainly in fat digestion collects and stores bile produced by the liverreleases the bile into the duodenum

*Bile is a digestive liquid continually secreted by the liver that aids in the absorption, digestion, and emulsification of fats. It is stored in the gallbladder until it is needed.

*The duodenum is largely responsible for the breakdown of food in the small intestine.

Disease:Cholecystitisinflammation of the gallbladder

A. Causes: gallstones stuck in the cystic duct (a tube that carries bile from the gallbladder)infection (bacterial) infection or trauma, such as injury from a car accidentirritation and pressure in the gallbladder

7*Gallstones are formed when bile hardens and changes to hard pieces of stone-like material.

*The gallstone blocks fluid from passing out of the gallbladder. This results in an irritated and swollen gallbladder.

8B. Symptoms:pain in your upper right abdomen (can sometimes move around to your back or right shoulder blade)tenderness in the right abdomenfeverchillsvomitingsweatingnausea

9Two kinds of cholecystitis:

A. acute cholecystitissudden inflammation of the gallbladder that causes severe abdominal pain

B. chronic cholecystitislong-standing swelling and irritation of the gallbladdercaused by repeated attacks of acute cholecystitis

C. Treatment:acute cholecystitisseek immediate medical attention for severe abdominal painpain medicines, antibiotics to fight infection, and a low-fat dietsurgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) -needed when inflammation continues or recurs

chronic cholecystitisSurgery

open procedure - requires a large cut in the upper-right part of the abdomen laparoscopic procedure - uses instruments and a small camera inserted through a cluster of few small cuts

medication taken by mouth - for those patients who are poor candidates for surgery because of other diseases or conditions

What happens when you remove your gallbladder?

** You can survive even without a gallbladder, but you will just have to be careful of what you eat. You should also look after your liver.

** Diet is the most important factor that needs to be considered after the surgery.

Limitations:Do not overeat.Consume a lot of water and liquids.Do not skip meals.Limit the amount of fat consumption.Do not try to lose weight, exercise excessively or exert yourself.Get enough rest and sleep.Follow healthy lifestyle habits.Be positive about your recovery.

Thank you for your attention!!- Take good care of your health! -