FYN Principle #1 - Right Plant, Right Place

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FYN Principle #1: Right Plant, Right Place Rebecca McNair & Allison Steele Florida Yards & Neighborhoods Program http://charlotte.ifas.ufl.edu

Transcript of FYN Principle #1 - Right Plant, Right Place

  • 1. Right Plant,Right Place Landscape Design Principles Planning Site Analysis Plant Selection TreesPalms Shrubs Lawns Turf Alternatives Natives Author: Rebecca McNair

2. Key to Success

  • Proper planning and plant selection:
    • Can avoidproblems later
    • Can save energy, effort, water, money, etc.
    • Makes the landscape more enjoyable

3. Plan First, Plant Once

  • This is a process, not a one-time event!
  • Have a plan!
  • Know the plants and what they require to thrive
  • Utilize regional gardening books and magazines
  • Consult with your UF County Extension Office
  • Ask qualified nursery professionals for advice

4. How Do You Currently Use Your Property?

  • Family Activities?
  • Pets?
  • Outdoor entertainment?
  • Low-maintenance?
  • Do you like wildlife?
  • Is there a view youwant to hide or enhance?

5. What are the sitecharacteristics?

    • Soil
      • Sand, silt, clay,
      • Organic materials
      • pH
    • Light
      • Sun or shade
    • Drainage
      • Wet or dry
      • Drainage patterns
    • Structures and obstructions
      • Utility lines (overhead and underground)
      • Sidewalks / driveways

6. Know Your Plants

  • What is the mature size of the plant?
  • Does it grow well in sun or shade?
  • Does it tolerate flooded conditions?
  • Is it salt tolerant?
  • Is it susceptible to pests which may be difficult to control?

Helianthus debilis Beach Daisy 7. Selecting Plants

  • Be familiar with botanical names
    • Binomial nomenclature -a species name has 2 parts:
    • Genusandspecific epithet
  • Buy healthy plants
    • Look for new growth
    • Roots are white and fibrous
    • Avoid pot bound plants
    • Avoid diseased or insectinfested plants

Jerusalem Thorn Parkinsoniaaculeata

    • Genus

Specificepithet 8. Engage The Senses

  • Scent
    • Fragrant flowers, aromatic plants or mulch
    • Be mindful of allergens
  • Sound
    • Running water,wind chimes
  • Touch
    • Fuzzy, waxy, smooth
  • Taste
    • Edible fruits, herbs

The sound of running water attracts wildlife. 9. Trees in the Landscape

  • Provide shade
  • Increase propertyvalues
  • Add color
  • Add texture
  • Attract wildlife
  • Provide a frameworkfor the rest of the landscape

Quercus virginiana Live Oak 10. Factors to Consider

  • Most trees DO NOT have taproots
  • Tree roots grow OUT, not down
    • 80 - 90% of a tree root system is found in the upper 18 - 24 inches of the soil.
    • Roots of trees and shrubs grow to about 3 times the branch spread.

IncorrectCorrect 11. Trees

    • Trees growing in commercial settings livean average of 13 years
    • Trees in residential areas average 37 years
    • Trees in rural, undisturbed sites average 150 years
    • Some species live longer than others
    • Rapid growth results in weaker wood and shorter lifespan

Quercus nigra The Water Oakis a relatively short-lived tree. 12. Urban Influences

  • Compacted soils
  • Over-pruning
  • Limited space for roots
  • Improper staking
  • Mechanicalinjuries
  • Construction
  • Pedestrian and vehicle abuse
  • Improper planting
  • Improper fertilization

13. Construction Issues

  • Changing the soil gradeby as little as 6 inchescan seriously damagea tree
  • When building, removea tree that cannot be adequately protectedand plant severalyounger, healthy trees
  • When in doubt,consult an arborist!

14. More Factors to Consider

  • Trees damaged by construction may not initially show symptoms and may decline slowly for many years
  • Topping a tree can create a dangerous situation
  • Trees which are subjected to stress are more susceptible to insects and diseases
  • Tree paints do not prevent insects or diseases

15. Selecting the Right Place For a Tree

  • Know the mature size
  • Provide adequate space
  • Trees should be planted atleast 15 ft from thefoundation of a home!
  • Avoid overhead power lines

Quercus laurifolia Laurel Oak 16. Tree Planting Tips

  • Dig the plant hole the same depth as the root ball and 2 to 3 times wider
  • Do not amend the backfill soil
  • Apply 3 to 4 inches of mulch around the tree to retain moisture, but
  • avoid contact with the
  • stem or trunk
  • Water regularly
  • until established

17. Transplanting

  • Container-grown or hardened-off balled and burlapped trees can be planted any time of year
  • Research indicates that establishment time can increase1-2 months/ inchof trunk diameter

18. Fertilizing New Trees

  • Avoid fertilizinga tree until it is established
  • Proper irrigationis important
  • Fertilize 4-6 weeks
  • after planting

Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Poplar 19. Palms Are Different!

  • Palms have only ONE terminal growing point
  • Palmsdo notincrease in diameter as they mature
  • Palm roots grow longer but do not increase in diameter
  • Many palms are harvested from the wild
  • Transplant palms in spring and summer

Acoelorraphe wrightiiPaurotis Palm 20. Shrubs

  • Shrubs are woody plants usually with multiple trunks and branches arising from near the roots
  • They provide structure, texture and color to a landscape
  • Many shrubs can be pruned to form hedges and topiary figures

Serenoa repensSaw Palmetto 21. Keep It Simple

  • Dont plant shrubs too close together. Space them according to how far they will spread.
  • Plant in large groups for continuity andincreased visual impact
  • Dont place too many different species in the same area

Strelitzia reginae Bird of Paradise has a clumping habit; in time, it will fill an area. 22. Planting Shrubs

  • Plant in beds
  • Incorporate organic matter in the bed
  • Group according to water and maintenance needs
  • Apply 3 to 4 inches of mulch, but do notallow mulch to restagainst the plant stems

23. Major TurfgrassSpecies in Florida

    • St. Augustinegrass
      • The most popular
    • Bahiagrass
      • Very drought tolerant
    • Seashore paspalum
      • Very salt tolerant
    • Bermudagrass
      • Used on golf courses
    • Centipedegrass
      • Common in the Panhandle

Bahiagrass Bermudagrass St. Augustinegrass 24. St. Augustinegrass- Varieties

  • Floratam
    • Poor shade and cold -tolerance
    • Coarse texture
    • Resistant to chinch bugs
    • Reddish colored stolons
    • Sheds foliage coming out of dormancy
    • Excellent heat tolerance
    • Best mowed at3 - 4 inches
  • Delmar
    • Improved shade- tolerance
    • Dwarf variety
    • Good cold- tolerance
    • Susceptible to chinch bugs and sod w