FYN Principle #1 - Right Plant, Right Place
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- 1. Right Plant,Right Place Landscape Design Principles Planning Site Analysis Plant Selection TreesPalms Shrubs Lawns Turf Alternatives Natives Author: Rebecca McNair
2. Key to Success
- Proper planning and plant selection:
- Can avoidproblems later
- Can save energy, effort, water, money, etc.
- Makes the landscape more enjoyable
3. Plan First, Plant Once
- This is a process, not a one-time event!
- Have a plan!
- Know the plants and what they require to thrive
- Utilize regional gardening books and magazines
- Consult with your UF County Extension Office
- Ask qualified nursery professionals for advice
4. How Do You Currently Use Your Property?
- Family Activities?
- Outdoor entertainment?
- Do you like wildlife?
- Is there a view youwant to hide or enhance?
5. What are the sitecharacteristics?
- Sand, silt, clay,
- Organic materials
- Sun or shade
- Wet or dry
- Drainage patterns
- Structures and obstructions
- Utility lines (overhead and underground)
- Sidewalks / driveways
6. Know Your Plants
- What is the mature size of the plant?
- Does it grow well in sun or shade?
- Does it tolerate flooded conditions?
- Is it salt tolerant?
- Is it susceptible to pests which may be difficult to control?
Helianthus debilis Beach Daisy 7. Selecting Plants
- Be familiar with botanical names
- Binomial nomenclature -a species name has 2 parts:
- Genusandspecific epithet
- Buy healthy plants
- Look for new growth
- Roots are white and fibrous
- Avoid pot bound plants
- Avoid diseased or insectinfested plants
Jerusalem Thorn Parkinsoniaaculeata
Specificepithet 8. Engage The Senses
- Fragrant flowers, aromatic plants or mulch
- Be mindful of allergens
- Running water,wind chimes
- Fuzzy, waxy, smooth
- Edible fruits, herbs
The sound of running water attracts wildlife. 9. Trees in the Landscape
- Provide shade
- Increase propertyvalues
- Add color
- Add texture
- Attract wildlife
- Provide a frameworkfor the rest of the landscape
Quercus virginiana Live Oak 10. Factors to Consider
- Most trees DO NOT have taproots
- Tree roots grow OUT, not down
- 80 - 90% of a tree root system is found in the upper 18 - 24 inches of the soil.
- Roots of trees and shrubs grow to about 3 times the branch spread.
IncorrectCorrect 11. Trees
- Trees growing in commercial settings livean average of 13 years
- Trees in residential areas average 37 years
- Trees in rural, undisturbed sites average 150 years
- Some species live longer than others
- Rapid growth results in weaker wood and shorter lifespan
Quercus nigra The Water Oakis a relatively short-lived tree. 12. Urban Influences
- Compacted soils
- Limited space for roots
- Improper staking
- Pedestrian and vehicle abuse
- Improper planting
- Improper fertilization
13. Construction Issues
- Changing the soil gradeby as little as 6 inchescan seriously damagea tree
- When building, removea tree that cannot be adequately protectedand plant severalyounger, healthy trees
- When in doubt,consult an arborist!
14. More Factors to Consider
- Trees damaged by construction may not initially show symptoms and may decline slowly for many years
- Topping a tree can create a dangerous situation
- Trees which are subjected to stress are more susceptible to insects and diseases
- Tree paints do not prevent insects or diseases
15. Selecting the Right Place For a Tree
- Know the mature size
- Provide adequate space
- Trees should be planted atleast 15 ft from thefoundation of a home!
- Avoid overhead power lines
Quercus laurifolia Laurel Oak 16. Tree Planting Tips
- Dig the plant hole the same depth as the root ball and 2 to 3 times wider
- Do not amend the backfill soil
- Apply 3 to 4 inches of mulch around the tree to retain moisture, but
- avoid contact with the
- stem or trunk
- Water regularly
- until established
- Container-grown or hardened-off balled and burlapped trees can be planted any time of year
- Research indicates that establishment time can increase1-2 months/ inchof trunk diameter
18. Fertilizing New Trees
- Avoid fertilizinga tree until it is established
- Proper irrigationis important
- Fertilize 4-6 weeks
- after planting
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Poplar 19. Palms Are Different!
- Palms have only ONE terminal growing point
- Palmsdo notincrease in diameter as they mature
- Palm roots grow longer but do not increase in diameter
- Many palms are harvested from the wild
- Transplant palms in spring and summer
Acoelorraphe wrightiiPaurotis Palm 20. Shrubs
- Shrubs are woody plants usually with multiple trunks and branches arising from near the roots
- They provide structure, texture and color to a landscape
- Many shrubs can be pruned to form hedges and topiary figures
Serenoa repensSaw Palmetto 21. Keep It Simple
- Dont plant shrubs too close together. Space them according to how far they will spread.
- Plant in large groups for continuity andincreased visual impact
- Dont place too many different species in the same area
Strelitzia reginae Bird of Paradise has a clumping habit; in time, it will fill an area. 22. Planting Shrubs
- Plant in beds
- Incorporate organic matter in the bed
- Group according to water and maintenance needs
- Apply 3 to 4 inches of mulch, but do notallow mulch to restagainst the plant stems
23. Major TurfgrassSpecies in Florida
- St. Augustinegrass
- The most popular
- Very drought tolerant
- Seashore paspalum
- Very salt tolerant
- Used on golf courses
- Common in the Panhandle
Bahiagrass Bermudagrass St. Augustinegrass 24. St. Augustinegrass- Varieties
- Poor shade and cold -tolerance
- Coarse texture
- Resistant to chinch bugs
- Reddish colored stolons
- Sheds foliage coming out of dormancy
- Excellent heat tolerance
- Best mowed at3 - 4 inches
- Improved shade- tolerance
- Dwarf variety
- Good cold- tolerance
- Susceptible to chinch bugs and sod w