Fusarium wilt-of-chickpea-lentil-and-lupin-cp-2009

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Transcript of Fusarium wilt-of-chickpea-lentil-and-lupin-cp-2009

  • INDUSTRY BIOSECURITY PLAN

    FOR THE GRAINS INDUSTRY

    Threat Specific Contingency Plan

    Fusarium wilt (of chickpea, lentil & lupin)

    Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, F. oxysporum

    f. sp. lentis, F. oxysporum f. sp. lupini

    Prepared by Kurt Lindbeck

    and

    Plant Health Australia

    March 2009

  • PLANT HEALTH AUSTRALIA | Contingency Plan Fusarium wilts of chickpea, lentil and lupin

    | PAGE 2

    Disclaimer

    The scientific and technical content of this document is current to the date published and all efforts were made to obtain relevant and published information on the pest. New information will be included as it becomes available, or when the document is reviewed. The material contained in this publication is produced for general information only. It is not intended as professional advice on any particular matter. No person should act or fail to act on the basis of any material contained in this publication without first obtaining specific, independent professional advice. Plant Health Australia and all persons acting for Plant Health Australia in preparing this publication, expressly disclaim all and any liability to any persons in respect of anything done by any such person in reliance, whether in whole or in part, on this publication. The views expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of Plant Health Australia.

    Further information

    For further information regarding this contingency plan, contact Plant Health Australia through the details below.

    Address: Suite 5, FECCA House 4 Phipps Close DEAKIN ACT 2600

    Phone: +61 2 6215 7700

    Fax: +61 2 6260 4321

    Email: [email protected]

    Website: www.planthealthaustralia.com.au

  • PLANT HEALTH AUSTRALIA | Contingency Plan Fusarium wilts of chickpea, lentil and lupin

    | PAGE 3

    1 Purpose of this Contingency Plan .......................................................................................... 5

    2 Pest information/status ........................................................................................................... 5

    2.1 Pest details ....................................................................................................................... 5

    2.1.1 General information .................................................................................................... 5

    2.1.2 Life cycle .................................................................................................................... 7

    2.2 Affected hosts ................................................................................................................... 7

    2.2.1 Host range .................................................................................................................. 7

    2.2.2 Geographic distribution ............................................................................................... 7

    2.2.3 Symptoms .................................................................................................................. 8

    2.3 Entry, establishment and spread ..................................................................................... 11

    2.3.1 Fusarium wilt of chickpea .......................................................................................... 11

    2.3.2 Fusarium wilt of lentil ................................................................................................ 13

    2.3.3 Fusarium wilt of lupin ................................................................................................ 14

    2.4 Diagnostic information..................................................................................................... 15

    2.4.1 Diagnostic protocol ................................................................................................... 15

    2.4.2 Identification based on host species .......................................................................... 18

    2.5 Response checklist ......................................................................................................... 19

    2.6 Delimiting survey and epidemiology study ....................................................................... 20

    2.6.1 Sampling method ...................................................................................................... 20

    2.6.2 Epidemiological study ............................................................................................... 22

    2.6.3 Models of spread potential ........................................................................................ 23

    2.6.4 Pest Free Area (PFA) guidelines ............................................................................... 24

    2.7 Availability of control methods ......................................................................................... 24

    2.7.1 General procedures for control.................................................................................. 24

    2.7.2 Control if small areas are affected ............................................................................. 25

    2.7.3 Control if large areas are affected ............................................................................. 25

    2.7.4 Cultural control ......................................................................................................... 25

    2.7.5 Host plant resistance ................................................................................................ 25

    2.7.6 Chemical control ....................................................................................................... 26

    2.7.7 Mechanical control .................................................................................................... 26

    2.7.8 Biological control ...................................................................................................... 26

    3 Course of action eradication methods .............................................................................. 27

    3.1 Destruction strategy ........................................................................................................ 27

    3.1.1 Destruction protocols ................................................................................................ 27

    3.1.2 Decontamination protocols........................................................................................ 28

  • PLANT HEALTH AUSTRALIA | Contingency Plan Fusarium wilts of chickpea, lentil and lupin

    | PAGE 4

    3.1.3 Priorities ................................................................................................................... 28

    3.1.4 Plants, by-products and waste processing ................................................................ 28

    3.1.5 Disposal issues......................................................................................................... 29

    3.2 Quarantine and movement controls ................................................................................. 29

    3.2.1 Quarantine priorities ................................................................................................. 29

    3.2.2 Movement control for people, plant material and machinery ...................................... 29

    3.3 Zoning ............................................................................................................................ 30

    3.3.1 Destruction zone....................................................................................................... 30

    3.3.2 Quarantine zone ....................................................................................................... 30

    3.3.3 Buffer zone ............................................................................................................... 30

    3.3.4 Restricted Area ......................................................................................................... 30

    3.3.5 Control Area ............................................................................................................. 31

    3.4 Decontamination and farm clean up ................................................................................ 31

    3.4.1 Decontamination procedures .................................................................................... 31

    3.4.2 Decontamination if pest is identified in small or large areas ....................................... 31

    3.4.3 General safety precautions ....................................................................................... 31

    3.5 Surveillance and tracing .................................................................................................. 32

    3.5.1 Surveillance .............................................................................................................. 32

    3.5.2 Survey regions ......................................................................................................... 32

    4 References ............................................................................................................................ 33

    4.1 Websites ......................................................................................................................... 36

    5 Appendices............................................................................................................................ 36

    Appendix 1. Standard diagnostic protocols ........................................................................... 36

    Appendix 2. Experts, resources and facilities.............................................................