Fundamental Tourism Concepts - Department of Tourism ??2010-10-10Fundamental Tourism Concepts ......

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Transcript of Fundamental Tourism Concepts - Department of Tourism ??2010-10-10Fundamental Tourism Concepts ......

  • Fundamental

    Tourism Concepts

    MILAGROS Y. SAY

    Tourism Research & Statistics Division

    Office of Tourism Development Planning

    Department of Tourism

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Objective:

    To emphasize on Tourism

    Concepts necessary in

    the collection of tourism

    data.

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    What is TOURISM?

    Who is the TOURIST?

    What are tourism products?

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    What is TOURISM?

    A social, cultural and economic phenomenon related to the movement of people to places outside their usual place of residence pleasure being the usual motivation.

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Defining Tourism

    Demand-sided definitions focus:

    the behavior of tourists and what they need

    and seek

    Supply-sided definitions focus:describe the product offered to tourists, what

    the tourists experience

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Tourisms Unique Features

    Not exactly an industry nor a group of industries

    A grouping or part of many industries

    Consumers come to the product, wherein location is part of the product

  • Is Travel synonymous to

    Tourism?

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Travel

    Tourism

    International Domestic

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    According to UNWTO

    Travel the act of moving from one place toanother (UN World Tourism Organization)

    Tourism the activities of persons traveling toand staying in places outside their usualenvironment for not more than one consecutiveyear for leisure, business and other purposes notrelated to the exercise of an activity remuneratedfrom within the place visited (UN WorldTourism Organization)

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    How do we distinguish tourism from

    other forms of travel?

    Is the nature of travel not routine and repetitive?

    Is there any distinct temporary motivation for travel

    other than employment and migration?

    Is the travel undertaken in exercise of free will?

    Does it create any demand on tourism

    facilities, including collective or private

    accommodation which are generally available for

    short periods and not for permanent use?

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Essential Requirements for Tourism

    Time - as the hours for leisure increase so does the opportunity for travel. Changes in work days or hours, school calendars will affect how and when people can travel.

    Money - the majority of travel requires discretionary income.Discretionary income is money left over after all monetary obligations (food, rent and taxes) have been paid.

    Mobility - is the access to transportation (car, bus, plane, train or ship) and the hours required to get to their destination.

    Motivation - is the reason people travel. Motivations may include seeking novelty, education, meet new people, adventure or stress reduction.

  • Forms of Tourism

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Domestic Tourism involving residents of the given country traveling only within this country

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Inbound Tourism involving non-residents traveling in a given country

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Outbound Tourism involving residents traveling in another country

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Internal Tourism comprises of domestic and inbound tourism

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    National tourism comprises of domestic and outbound tourism

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    International tourism consists of inbound and outbound tourism

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Who is the TOURIST?

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Basic Tourism Units

    Visitors(international or domestic)

    Same-day visitors(international or domestic)

    Other Travelers(international or domestic)

    Tourists(international or

    domestic)

    Travelers(international or domestic)

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Visitors (international)

    Same-day visitors (international)Tourists (international)

    - any person who travels to a country other than that in which

    s/he has his/her usual residence but outside his/her usual

    environment for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose

    main purpose of visit is other than the exercise of an activity

    remunerated from within the country visited .

    Basic Tourism Units

    -a visitor who stays at

    least one night in a

    collective or private

    accommodation in the

    country visited

    - a visitor who does not spend the night in a

    collective or private accommodation in the

    country visited; this definition includes cruise

    passengers who arrive in a country on a cruise

    ship and return to the ship each night to sleep on

    board even though the ship remains in port for

    several days; also included in this group are

    owners or passengers of yachts and passengers on

    a group tour accommodated in a train.

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Holiday, Sightseeing, Shopping, Sports, Honeymoon, etc

    Pleasure

    Client Meeting, Investment Opportunity, Consultancy, etc

    Business

    Visit Friends and Relatives

    Trade, Government, Expos, Sports Event, IT, etc

    Meetings, Incentives, Convention, Exhibition (MICE)

    Studies

    Exchange Programs

    Official Government Missions

    Health and Wellness

    Usual Purposes of Visitors

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Basic Domestic Tourism Units

    Similar to the international

    tourism, domestic tourism

    also distinguishes the tourist

    from the same-day visitor.

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Domestic Visitors

    Domestic Same-day visitorsDomestic Tourists

    - any person regardless of nationality, resident of the Philippines and who travels to

    a place in the Philippines other than his usual place of environment for a period

    not more than 365 days for any reason other than following an occupation

    remunerated at the place visited. Minimum distance of travel covered is between

    municipality and with purposes of trip as any of the following pleasure

    (holidays, culture, active sports, visit to relatives & friends other pleasure

    purposes), professional (events, official mission, business), other purposes (short-

    term studies, health, pilgrimage).

    -stays at least one night

    and not more than 365

    days in a collective or

    private accommodation

    in a place visited.

    -a domestic visitor who does not spend even a

    night in a collective or private accommodation at

    the place of visit.-More commonly referred to as EXCURTIONIST.

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    What are tourism products?

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    Tourism Products

    Consist of the elements of the

    trip, consisting of what s/he does on the

    way to his/her destination and when

    staying there, comprise the elements of the

    tourism product (Burkhart, 1981).

    Total Experience Concept

  • Fundamental Tourism Concepts

    DOT Basic Tourism Statistics Training 2010

    The destinations tourism productsmay consist of:

    built and natural attractions

    tours and packages

    services for travelers (e.g. shopping,

    restaurants, accommodations, medical)

    activities

  • Thank you!

    For further inquiries:

    Email Address: mysay@tourism.gov.ph

    Contact Number: (02) 523 7314