Functional Training. Overview Defining Functional Training Functional Vs. Traditional Strength...

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Transcript of Functional Training. Overview Defining Functional Training Functional Vs. Traditional Strength...

  • Slide 1
  • Functional Training
  • Slide 2
  • Overview Defining Functional Training Functional Vs. Traditional Strength Training Why Use Functional Training Methods Functional Tools Exercises
  • Slide 3
  • What is Functional Training Definition of Functional: Designed for or adapted to a particular purpose Characteristics of Functional Training: Maintenance of your center of gravity over your own base of support (static and dynamic posture) Motor recruitment
  • Slide 4
  • What is Functional Training Characteristics of Functional Training: Exercises are most functional when they closely resemble a movement pattern that is commonly used in the clients work or sports activities. Isolation to integration A resistance training method utilizing bands, balls, weights, tubing, BOSU, stability balls and other unbalanced surfaces to condition the body in an unstable environment.
  • Slide 5
  • What is Functional Training Mulit-joint, multi-planar proprioceptively-enriched activity that involves deceleration (force reduction), acceleration (force production) and stabilization; controlled amounts of instability; and management of gravity, ground reaction forces and momentum.* *
  • Slide 6
  • Functional Vs. Traditional Strength Training Traditional Strength training Develops the body by isolating specific muscle groups. Often done with the body unloaded, sitting stationary on a machine while moving one isolated body part through a controlled range of motion, usually in a strict linear, straight ahead motion. However Important for developing muscle mass and pure strength
  • Slide 7
  • Functional Vs. Traditional Strength Training Functional Strength Training Involves the entire kinetic chain by using unstable surfaces and multi- joint exercises. Combination of muscle groups are used in conjunction with each other to produce the desired body movement Focus on movement patterns, not muscles. However Should be used in conjunction with traditional strength training methods
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  • Who Should Use Functional Training Methods Anyone who gets out of bed in the morning Activities of daily living Usually incorporate entire kinetic chain A combination of muscle groups are used in conjunction with each other to produce the desired body movement Focus on movement patterns, not muscles Tasks are performed briefly and repetitively in multiple plans of motion.
  • Slide 9
  • Why Use Functional Training Methods More real-world carry-over than traditional strength training. Exercise tend to stress whole kinetic chain. Incorporates the core musculature and helps increase proprioception. Brings new dimension into workout/training/rehabilitation sessions.
  • Slide 10
  • Functional Training Tools
  • Slide 11
  • Stability Ball Also known as a Swiss Ball, Resist-a-Ball, Balance Ball, and Body Ball It is a people-sized, inflated rubber ball. Its strong enough to sit, lie, and do push-ups on. It provides an unstable base of support that engages core muscles and can be used to improve posture and postural awareness during performance of exercises. You can perform most upper body and lower body exercises on the ball. You can find stability balls at most sporting good stores or any retail store that sells fitness equipment. Expect to pay between $20 and $45 depending on the size and brand you choose.
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  • Stability Ball It can hold up to 600 pounds The ball is made with plastic vinyl clad that does not include latex An Air Leak In The Stability Ball Cannot Be Repaired With A Patch Kit Regularly wipe down your ball with warm soapy water to remove any dirt or residue; do not use harsh chemicals or abrasives with the ball. Keep your ball away from excessive heat and sunlight. Although its very durable, keep it away from sharp objects.
  • Slide 13
  • Stability Ball Sizing a Stability Ball: The standard method for determining proper ball size is by sitting on the ball. For most exercise applications, there should be a 90 degree angle at both the hip and knee joints and your thighs should be parallel with the floor when seated on the ball.
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  • Stability Ball Size to Height Recommendations Ball Size (cm) Maximum Ball Size (inches) Your Height 4517 Under 5 5521 5 5 7 6525 5 8 6 2 7529 Over 6 3
  • Slide 15
  • Medicine Balls Its rebound qualities enable exercises to be performed against a solid concrete wall; on a tennis, squash, basketball or netball court; outdoors or in a park. With hundreds of exercises, agility drills, strength and power tests, games and skills to choose from, it makes training fun and will keep your clients highly motivated and coming back for more.
  • Slide 16
  • Medicine Balls The weight of the ball will depend on the individuals training age, ability, and sport. Having a selection of sizes available will enable you to modify intensity accordingly for strength, speed or power applications. 1 to 2 pounds (soccer ball size) is used for speed and agility drills, motor co-ordination, proprioception, body- awareness, sport specific movements and skills testing. 6 to 10 pounds (basketball size) has applications for strength, endurance and explosive power (plyometrics).
  • Slide 17
  • Medicine Balls Weight In Pounds Ball Weight for Overhead Use Ball Weight for Lateral Use 100-1302 to 4 pounds3 to5 pounds 130-1603 to 5 pounds4 to 6 pounds 160-1904 to 6 pounds5 to 7 pounds 190-2105 to 7 pounds6 to 8 pounds 210-up6 to 10 pounds8 to 10 pounds
  • Slide 18
  • Dyna-Disk and BOSU Dyna-Disk: 14 inches in diameter Dyna-Disc can withstand up to 2,000 pounds of force per square inch Made of the same material as a stability ball BOSU: Acronym for both sides up It is a vinyl dome with a 25 inch platform. There are two handles on the bottom of the platform. Can be placed on any surface (i.e. low-pile carpeting, rubber flooring, or wood surfaces)
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  • BOSU Gets slippery when someone sweats (use a towel) Athletic shoes should be worn Has been tested to be burst resistant at 2800 lbs It should not be stored in direct sunlight (direct sunlight will cause the BOSU dome to deform) A pump comes with the BOSU You can use it for just about anything including balance training, cardio, strength training, flexibility, sports conditioning, and core training.
  • Slide 20
  • Exercise Tubing and Bands The difference between tubing and bands is that bands are flat sheets of thin elastic rubber, usually six to eight inches wide, and come with or without a handle, while tubing is round and almost always sold with handles. Tubing is easier to use because of the handles (a big plus), plus they tend to last longer than bands.
  • Slide 21
  • Exercise Tubing and Bands Tubes and bands come in different colors to represent different resistancehigher resistance is accomplished by making the rubber thicker Tension in rubber changes as you stretch it The mechanical stretch properties of elastic vary based on thickness, age of the rubber, how much it is used, how quickly it is stretched, and other factors, and so it's difficult to quantify with certainty the "weight" of each tube or band that you stretch.
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  • Exercise Bands
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  • Exercise Tubing Color Resistance Level YellowLight GreenMedium RedHeavy BlueVery Heavy BlackUltra Heavy
  • Slide 24
  • TRX-Suspension Trainer A. Equalizer Loop B. Main Strap C. Adjustment Tabs D. Cam Buckles E. Handles F. Foot Cradles F.
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  • TRX-Suspension Trainer TRX will safely support users of up to 350lbs TRX Door Anchor must be used on solidly constructed doors
  • Slide 26
  • Guidelines While Using the TRX Posture Engage core and maintain neutral spinal alignment No Slack TRX should never hang loose while in use No Sawing TRX is not a pulley, avoid sawing motions No Scraping Never allow straps to rub against arms in order to stabilize.
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  • Six Position Relative to the TRX 1.Facing the anchor point Supine Rows 2.Facing away from the anchor point Chest Press 3.Sideways to the anchor point Lateral Trunk Flexion
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  • Six Position Relative to the TRX 4.Prone Push Ups 5.Supine Supine Hamstring Curl 6.Laying Sideways Side Plank
  • Slide 29
  • TRX Progressions 1.Staggered stance For beginners use a shallow angle 2.Wide stance Move into a deeper angle 3.Narrow stance (feet together) Same angle as #2 4.Staggered stance Move into an even deeper angle