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Dialects and Language Variation Kheiriyeh & Evie. Week 8 What's Hot ? What's Not ? EDUC 571 Professor Heather Robertson University of Southern California , Fall 2012. Free Powerpoint Template. What is dialect? . a mutually intelligible variety of a language. Dialect Survey Stop. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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EDUC 571 Week 8 What's Hot? What's Not?

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Dialects and Language Variation

Kheiriyeh & EvieWeek 8What's Hot? What's Not?EDUC 571Professor Heather RobertsonUniversity of Southern California , Fall 2012What is dialect? a mutually intelligible variety of a language

Dialect Survey StopHow do you pronounce Lawyer?a.with [ j] as in "boy" ("loyer")b.with [ ] as in "saw" ("law-yer")c.I use both interchangeably

d. Other

Results (11421 respondents)

How do you pronounce Lawyer?a.with [ j] as in "boy" ("loyer") (72.84%)b.with [ ] as in "saw" ("law-yer") (21.96%)c.I use both interchangeably (4.86%)d. Other (0.34%)

Choice a: as in "boy" ("loyer")Choice b: as in "saw" ("law-yer")Choice c: I use both interchangeablyhttp://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/staticmaps/q_14.html

Examples of differences between the dialect found in the Upper Peninsula and the Standard American Dialect:Directional Phrases:Side by each --- Side by sidePreneer --- Pretty near or very closeKotisva --- Go this way

Grammatical changes:Lets go Shop-ko. --- Lets go to the store.Make wood --- Split logshttp://walkinthewords.blogspot.tw/2008/05/more-on-yooper-dialect.html

Vocabulary:Pank --- To pack downSwampers --- Rubber bootsLats --- Skis, usually homemadeSauna --- Finnish steam roomCamp --- Cottage

U.P. Dialect --- Standard American DialectAre These Dialects or Languages? Think about it: Danes speaking Danish and Norwegians speaking Norwegian and Swedes speaking Swedish can converse with each other.

In China, speakers of Mandarin and Cantonese are mutually unintelligible.

So, are they considered separated languages or dialects?

Is there a distinction between language and dialects? Mutually intelligible is the rule of thumb, but we still need to take social and political factors into consideration. Difference Between Accents and Dialects

http://walkinthewords.blogspot.tw/2009/05/how-to-understand-difference-between.htmlaccent --> refers only to pronunciationdialect--> different pronunciations, vocabularies, phrases and grammatical rulesDialect Survey StopWhich of these terms do you prefer for a sale of unwanted items on your porch, in your yard, etc.? a.tag sale b.yard sale c.garage sale d.rummage sale e.thrift sale f.stoop sale g.carport sale h.sidewalk sale i.jumble (sale) j.car boot sale k.car boot l.patio sale m.other

Results (10736 respondents)Which of these terms do you prefer for a sale of unwanted items on your porch, in your yard, etc.? a.tag sale(3.60%) b.yard sale(36.41%) c.garage sale(52.17%) d.rummage sale(3.10%) e.thrift sale(0.13%) f.stoop sale(0.39%) g.carport sale(0.05%) h.sidewalk sale(0.20%) i.jumble (sale)(0.10%) j.car boot sale(0.05%) k.car boot(0.00%) l.patio sale(0.07%) m.other(3.72%)

Dialect Survey StopWhat nicknames do/did you use for your maternal grandmother? a.grandmother b.granny c.grandma d.nana e.mimi f.grammy/grammie/grammi g.other

Results (10464 respondents) a.grandmother(4.78%) b.granny(3.77%) c.grandma(50.67%) d.nana(5.77%) e.mimi(0.97%) f.grammy/grammie/grammi(3.24%) g.other(30.79%)

Dialect as Identityhttp://walkinthewords.blogspot.tw/2008/07/dialect-as-identity-exhibited-by-yooper.html

There are many ways an individual's dialect can be used as a form of identity. People who speak the Upper Peninsula or "Yooper" dialect are able to use their dialect as a form of identity by choosing not to switch to a more common dialect. This has been called a We-type solidarityWhat is Standard English?

Standard English is

1. One dialect among the many dialects of English.2. Elevated for social and political reasons.3. The correct way to speak4. The language of the wider communitys media and governance5. Often the language of upper-middle- and upper-class speakers.6. The language of instruction in schools.7. The language that sounds more beautiful

Note: It woud be difficult to describe a standard for spoken English, and so discussions of Standard English almost always refer to the written language (Schmitt & Marsden, 2006, p. 174).

What is Standard English?

Standard English is

1. One dialect among the many dialects of English.2. Elevated for social and political reasons.3. The correct way to speak ???4. The language of the wider communitys media and governance5. Often the language of upper-middle- and upper-class speakers.6. The language of instruction in schools.7. The language that sounds more beautiful ???

Note: It woud be difficult to describe a standard for spoken English, and so discussions of Standard English almost always refer to the written language (Schmitt & Marsden, 2006, p. 174).

What does the ad say?http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-t-acRm6vnro/UGH-vj6LvRI/AAAAAAAAC3o/utR12qURthc/s1600/fifth+third.jpg

Kachru's Three-Circle Model of World Englishes

EnglishHinglishThaiglishKonglishChinglishJaplishSinglishYinglish.... English around the Worldhttp://virtuallinguist.typepad.com/the_virtual_linguist/other-languages/Examples of Thaiglish1. wash the film2. I very like it3. Are you boring?4. I play internet5. "This is suck!"6. same same7. I send you to airportEnglish Vinglish (2012)English Vinglish is a 2012 Indiancomedy-dramafilm which deals with how a so called "orthodox" Indian housewife earns the respect of her family by learning English. This movie received a standing ovation after it was screened at the 2012 Toronto Film Festival.Lets watch its theatrical trailer together:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dWir9Q_Vek

Pidgins and CreolesPidginsPidginslanguage is nobody's native language; may arise when two speakers of different languages with no common language try to have a makeshift conversation. Lexicon usually comes from one language, structure often from the other. Because of colonialism, slavery etc. the prestige of Pidgin languages is very low. Many pidgins are contact vernaculars, may only exist for one speech event.*A Walk in the WoRds (2011)Robot Pidgins!Australian scientists have invented a new breed of robots called Lingodroids, programmed to make, use, and share language. (Discovermagazine, September 2011)According to the article, Lingodroids are programmed with an alphabet of beeps and are able to pair the beeps (or letters) to form syllables. These syllables can then be combined to form words.It is through game play that words are created. In one of the games mentioned, two Lingodroids meet in an unfamiliar place. One of the Lingodroids creates a name for the place and shares that name with the other. The other Lingodroid then adds the place name to its lexicon.

http://walkinthewords.blogspot.com/2011/09/robot-pidgins.htmlall Lingodroids are equipped with the same phonetic abilities but they do not start out with any lexicon, let alone a shared one. It is through contact that they build individual and shared lexicons.In this way, the language resembles a pidgin.

CreoleCreole (orig. person of European descent born and raised in a tropical colony) is a language that was originally a pidgin but has become nativized, i.e. a community of speakers claims it as their first language. Next used to designate the language(s) of people of Caribbean and African descent in colonial and ex-colonial countries (Jamaica, Haiti, Mauritius, Runion, Hawaii, Pitcairn, etc.)

http://walkinthewords.blogspot.com/2011/09/robot-pidgins.htmlDialect Survey StopWhat do you call paper that has already been used for something or is otherwise imperfect?a.scratch paperb.scrap paperc. scratch paper is still usable (for example, the paper you bring to do extra work on a test); scrap paper is paper that isn't needed anymore and can be thrown away d. Other

Results (10692 respondents)What do you call paper that has already been used for something or is otherwise imperfect?a.scratch paper(31.01%)b.scrap paper(30.71%)c.scratch paper is still usable (for example, the paper you bring to do extra work on a test); scrap paper is paper that isn't needed anymore and can be thrown away.(35.65%)d.other(2.63%)

http://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/maps.html

Discussion Questions Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:On the other hand, with English being spoken so prevalently as a global language, it must be understood that English is not owned by anyone and that everyone who uses it has the power to adapt it, change it, and contribute to its future use. (Anderson, 2012)Discussion Questions (Contd) Do you believe that mastery of Standard English gives power to succeed? ReferencesAnderson, L. (2012). EDUC 561 Forum Post Week 6. Rossier School of Education. University of Southern California.Curzan, A., & Adams, M. (2012).How English works: A linguistic introduction(3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Longman. Chapter 11:Language variation(pp. 346-376)Dialect as Identity Exhibited by Yooper We-Type Solidarity. (2008). A Walk in the WoRds. Retrieved from http://walkinthewords.blogspot.tw/2008/07/dialect-as-identity-exhibited-by-yooper.htmlHow to Understand the Difference Between Accents and Dialects. (2009). A Walk in the WoRds. Retrieved from http://walkinthewords.blogspot.tw/2009/05/how-to-understand-difference-between.htmlMore on Yooper Dialect. (2008). A Walk in the WoRds. Retrieved from http://walkinthewords.blogspot.tw/2008/05/more-on-yooper-dialect.htmlOther languages. (2012). The Virtual Linguist. Retrieved from http://virtuallinguist.typepad.com/the_virtual_linguist/other-languages/Robot Pidgins. (2011). A Walk in the WoRds. Retrieved from http://walkinthewords.blogspot.com/2011/09/robot-pidgins.htmlSchmitt, N., & Marsden, R. (2006). Why is English like that? Historical answers to hard ELT questions. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Mic