Francisco goya

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Francisco Goya

Francisco Goya

Francisco De Goya y Lucientes (b. March 30, 1746, Fuendetodos, Spain--d. April 16, 1828, Bordeaux, Fr.), consummately Spanish artist whose multifarious paintings, drawings, and engravings reflected contemporary historical upheavals and influenced important 19th- and 20th-century painters.

Goya was a Spanish court painter whose best work was done apart from his official duties.

For the bold technique of his paintings, the haunting satire of his etchings, and his belief that the artist's vision is more important than tradition, Goya is often called "the first of the moderns." His uncompromising portrayal of his times marks the beginning of 19th-century realism.

Goya was born in Fuendetodos, Aragn, Spain, on March 30, 1746 to Jos Benito de Goya y Franque and Gracia de Lucientes y Salvador. Goya may have attended school at Escuelas Pias. He formed a close friendship with Martin Zapater at this time, and their correspondence from the 1770s to the 1790s is a valuable source for understanding Goya's early career at the court of Madrid. At age 14, Goya studied under the painter Jos Luzn. He moved to Madrid where he studied with Anton Raphael Mengs, a painter who was popular with Spanish royalty.

He clashed with his master, and his examinations were unsatisfactory. Goya submitted entries for the Royal Academy of Fine Art in 1763 and 1766, but was denied entrance.

This marriage, and Francisco Bayeu's membership of the Royal Academy of Fine Art (from the year 1765) helped Goya to procure work as a painter of designs to be woven by the Royal Tapestry Factory.

At the age of 75, alone and in mental and physical despair, he completed the work as one of his 14 Black Paintings, all of which were executed in oil directly onto the plaster walls of his house. Goya did not intend for the paintings to be exhibited, did not write of them,and likely never spoke of them. It was not until around 1874, some 50 years after his death, that they were taken down and transferred to a canvas support.Artworks of Francisco Goya

A Butchers CounterBlind Guitarist The Burial of Sardine

Charles IV and his familyCrucified Christ

Doa Isabel Cobos De PorcelDon Manuel Osorio Manrique De Zuniga

Fire at NightSaturn devouring his son

The Third of MayThe Colossus

Portrait of the Duke of WellingtonThe Bewitched Man

Nude MajaClothed Maja

The Duchess of AlbaThe Duchess of Alba and her Duenna

The Esquilache RiotsThe Queen Maria Luisa

Witches in the airWitches Sabbath