France in 1799

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Transcript of France in 1799

France in 1799

France in 179910th November 1799: Members of the French government met, there were furious arguments and soldiers hustled many politicians out of the building at bayonet- point. A few weeks later, a new government was installed with Napoleon Bonaparte as leader. Changes 1789 to 1799

The State: No longer the royal family ruling the country. Government chosen by people. Laws are made by the National assembly, not by the king. Everyone became equal in the eyes of the law.

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The Economy: Seriously weakened by the Revolution as it disrupted trade and industry. Higher cost of living. Unemployment.

Education: State education for everyone but no public schools. Education was no longer to be controlled by the Roman Catholic Church. Less pupils attending colleges. Bordeaux Harbour

The Church: No longer a major property-owner. Tithes abolished. Bishops and other senior officials now appointed by the State, not by the Pope. Freedom for religion. No charity

The People LOSSES GAINS TITLES REVOLUTIONARY POLITICS OLD PRIVILEGES ENLARGEMENT OF LANDS DESTROYED PROPERTIES JOBS GIVEN BY THE GOVERNMENT

LOSSES GAINS PLACES PURCHASING CHURCH LANDS MONEY JOBS IN STATE ADMINISTRATIVE REVOLUTIONARY POLITICS

The bourgeoisie

Nobles LOSSES GAINSPOVERTY FEUDAL PRIVILEGESNO LONGER CHARITYRIGHT TO VOTEHIGHER TAXESHUNGER FORCED TO JOIN ARMY

Peasants

Civil RightsFreedom to women and non- Catholics Protestants and Jews New laws on marriage Crisis again? 1799Higher Prices RiotsDebtEconomic problems Takeover Republicans vs. Napoleon Complete control The peoples army 1799: France vs. Europe Citizen armySacrifice of hundreds of thousands of lives The Revolutionaries have killed our king, driven away our priests and sold all the goods that belonged to our churches. They have eaten all our food, and now they want our bodies, too. . . They wont get them.

Napoleons rise to power Napoleon Bonaparte CorsicaHis family Schooling Napoleons report from army cadet schoolNapoleons career as a thunderbolt or a shooting star

Jacobin club (1791) Commander (1795) Napoleon married (1796)Conqueror of northern Italy (1796-97)

Josephine Beauharnais

Napoleons Conquests

Negative Results

Battle of the Nile (1798)

Bad news from home

Josephines affair Country in crisis

French defeat in Italy

New institutions: Napoleons greatest achievement New system of lawState- run schools Prefets Centralised Civil Service Police network National Bank Legion of honour

Some ideas still remain:

Many experimental reforms from Revolutionary period Abolition of Revolutionary calendar Restored Nobles titlesGreater freedom to women End of Revolutionary warsFew Revolutionary policiesState separate from the church

Rebuilding France: Napoleon First Consul Real leaderKept all for himselfClear ideasShut down newspapers that disagreed with him