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  • Fort Building australias First timBer HigHriseWood Solutions Presentation Atlanta Conference 6th February 2013

  • tHe Wood Products council

    is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems (AIA/CES). Credit(s) earned on completion of this program will be reported to AIA/CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request.

    This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product.

    Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.

  • Copyright Materials

    This presentation is protected by US and International Copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the

    presentation without written permission of the speaker is prohibited.

    The Wood Products Council 2013

  • learning oBjectives

    At the end of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. Learn how cross laminated timber is challenging current building practices to create buildings that are faster to erect and better for the environment.

    2. Evaluate the attributes of CLT that can reduce a buildings carbon footprint

    3. Understand how the use of CLT can significantly reduce the typical construction schedule of a mid-rise building

    4. Learn how CLT buildings contribute to sustainable communities.

  • overvieW

  • our international FootPrint

    Established in 1958

    Creating innovative and sustainable property and infrastructure solutions

    Operate in 4 key regions Australia, Asia, America and EMEA

    Over 17,000 employees

    Completed over 10,000 projects worldwide

    Over AUD$11.8 billion funds under management*

    Market capitalisation of AUD$4.1 billion*

    * as at 31 December 2011





  • dick dusseldorP, lend lease Founder 1973

    The time is not far off when companies will have to justify their worth to society, with greater emphasis being placed on environmental and societal impact than straight economics.

  • green Buildings & sustainaBility innovation key commercial drivers in tHe market

    Investor Demand

    Future Proofing

    Asset Value

    Corporations Wishing to

    Compete for Govt tenders Government


    Green Lease Requirements

    Investor & Community Valuetenant


    Competitive Advantage

    Established Benchmark

  • lend lease & cross laminated timBer

    Lend Lease are assessing the viability of utilising CLT to deliver select projects across their portfolio. The viability of CLT will rely on:

    Economic procurement and importation of timber and/or establishment of a local timber supply and production facility.

    Provision of a cost effective alternative to conventional structural solutions.

    Resolution of technical issues design & delivery.

    Market acceptance.

  • WHy cross laminated timBer?

    Original driver: alternative solution for North Wharf (Vic Harbour) to reduce in ground costs.

    Offers an opportunity to commercialise sustainability.

    Envisaged shorter construction times to provide more opportunity for development feasibilities to meet threshold requirements.

    Reduced tolerances facilitating off-site manufacture.

    Detailed technical due diligence and market research to proof the CLT business case between 2009-2011.

    Culminating in design & delivery of Fort as the pilot project for utilising CLT.

  • If the 19th century was the century of steel, & the 20th the century of concrete, then the 21st century is about engineered timber

    Alex de Rijke, Director of dRMM

  • WHat is clt?

    Austrian Spruce

  • WHat is cross laminated timBer?

    Planks of kiln-dried, finger-jointed spruce are sorted and cut into sheets of up to 16.5m by 2.95m.

    The sheets are then stacked and glued under high pressure in perpendicular layers.

    The process involves a high-pressure bonding system which allows the use of polyurethane adhesive in the boards solvent-free and formaldehyde-free.

    Crosswise glueing at high pressure reduces the woods expansion and shrinkage to an insignificant level.

    The panels are cut and processed CNC technology, resulting in excellent dimensional stability, both in overall panel size and for structural openings.

  • construction using cross laminated timBer

    The CLT panels form a cellular structure of timber load bearing walls with timber floor slabs.

    The solid wood panels are used as plate, wall & diaphragm members.

    Joints are secured with screws & angled connection plates.

  • timBer as a material

    Timber is the only renewable structural building material of scale

    Forests act as a carbon sink - each tonne of CLT has sequestered ~1.6 tonnes of CO2 (~0.5tonnes of carbon locked-in)

    Timber has the lowest energy consumption of any building material of scale across its life cycle

    Sourced from sustainably managed forests

  • key BeneFits



    Reduced high risk work (eg work at heights). Elimination of injuries associated with formwork and reinforcing

    Better work environment with less dust, less vibration and noise and less obstructions (no propping), thus reducing the impact of construction and disruption on local communities

    Fewer operatives on site and for a reduced period of time

  • key BeneFits

    Sustainably sourced timber is the only carbon neutral structural option 1m of timber stores 0.25t of carbon

    Timber has better thermal performance than reinforced concrete (reducing dependence on synthetic carbon based insulation)

    The production process generates zero waste

    Reduces fresh water consumption compared to reinforced concrete (up to 30 times less per m3)

    Enhances Indoor Environment Quality and positive effects of timber environment (zero VOCs)

    Reduces pollution on site i.e. noise, dust and contamination of water (eutrophication reduced by 75%)

    Reduces the deliveries to site compared to reinforced concrete (up to 7.5 times less)





  • key BeneFits

    20% of the weight of the conventional structure

    Reduces foundations due to lighter-weight construction as compared to reinforced concrete

    Assists with poor ground conditions of sites such as Victoria Harbour






  • key BeneFits

    Reduced Preliminary & Supervision costs due to speed and efficiency of the construction methodology

    Savings in follow-on trades as the material is easier to work with than concrete - conduits are pre-cut and the panels are flush fitted

    Reduced holding costs

    High precision and quality control leading to reduction in long term maintenance costs


    e s




    & e





  • key BeneFits

    Further step change efficiency improvements in conventional construction are very limited

    Undertaking a CLT pilot project will verify the step-change improvements that can be expected from CLT

    The pilot project will allow Lend Lease to identify areas for optimisation of the construction process which may lead to further significant efficiency improvements and project savings

    Construction productivity & efficiency improved as compared to reinforced concrete

    The use of BIM from design to manufacture and construction enhanced

    Up-skilling of labour force both onsite and in the offsite manufacturing process s


    P c



    e in












  • WHy is emBodied carBon imPortant

    tHe Focus on emBodied carBon is increasing

    As reductions in operational carbon are achieved, embodied carbon is forming a higher percentage of a buildings overall co2 impact

    cradle to gate

    gate to site




    end of life

    oPerational carBon

    emBodied carBon

  • clt BeneFits 21 reasons to use Wood Sustainable Speed of construction Precise Quality Control Lighter than masonry / concrete Transportable / storable Continuous work patterns Mass not frame Dry, clean, non-toxic Simple site procedures Good in a fire Flexible - easily changed on site Services integrated offsite

    Structure can be the finish Strong and durable but can be

    replaced if damaged Warm - own thermal properties

    means less insulation Interesting tactile-flat surfaces Safe - non allergic & healthy to

    inhabit Color - intrinsic colours, changed

    simply Compatible with other materials Has aura, smells great, embodies

    qualities of scale and time Alex de Rijke, Director of dRMM

  • clt track record

  • groWtH oF clt usage in euroPe

    Fort Project used 1,000m3 oF clt