Forklift Safety. Motor Vehicle Accidents To protect employees To protect company assets Its the law!

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Transcript of Forklift Safety. Motor Vehicle Accidents To protect employees To protect company assets Its the law!

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Forklift Safety Slide 2 Motor Vehicle Accidents To protect employees To protect company assets Its the law! Slide 3 Why Forklift Safety? Slide 4 Fatalities Source BLS Slide 5 7 th on OSHAs Top 10 list Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.178 (3,262 Total Violations) Top 5 sections cited: 1910.178(L)(l) Failure to ensure each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely 1910.178(L)(4)(iii) Failure to evaluate each powered industrial truck operators performance at least once every three years 1910.178(L)(6) Failure to certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated 1910.178(p)(1) Failure to take damaged powered industrial trucks out of service 1910.178(Q)(7) Failure to examine powered industrial trucks before placing in service Slide 6 Benefits to Forklift Safety Training Improve Attitude Increase Production Increase Operator Safety Lower Maintenance Costs Lower # of Accidents/Severity Lower Insurance Cost Fulfill OSHA Requirements Slide 7 Labels Warning Label ! Danger Label Caution Label Slide 8 Nameplate / Data Plate Slide 9 Types of Forklifts Slide 10 Operators Manual OSHA says you SHALL Read and Understand the Operators Manual Slide 11 The Main Parts of the Truck Slide 12 Lift Truck vs. Automobiles Lift Trucks Not for personal use Weighs greater than 5,000 lbs. Rear wheel steering Training required Operates on various surfaces Automobiles For personal use Weighs less than 5,000 lbs. Front wheel steering Training required Operates on smooth, paved surfaces Slide 13 Mast: What do you really need to know? Never reach into/through mast Never stand under forks/load Never allow others under Slide 14 Lift Truck Balance Internal Combustion Counterweight Electric Powered Industrial battery Slide 15 Imbalance Moving center of gravity outside stability Pyramid: Loss of steering Loss of traction Unstable load Potential for a tip over Potential for a tip up Slide 16 Daily Inspection 1910.178(q)(7) Industrial trucks shall be examined before being placed in service Slide 17 Why Do A Pre-Operation Inspection? Slide 18 Completion of Inspection Report defects to appropriate personnel Never operate a truck in need of repair Authorized & trained personnel repair trucks Slide 19 The Visual Inspection Slide 20 The Operational Inspection Operator restraint system Horn Warning devices Unusual engine noise Fuel level Gauge readings Hydraulics Steering lock to lock Service brake Park brake Plugging on electric powered trucks Slide 21 Designated Areas Slide 22 Operating a Forklift Traveling & Maneuvering Mounting Dismounting Slide 23 Operating a Forklift Starting & Stopping Slide 24 Operating a Forklift Operational Speeds Slide 25 Safe Operating Guidelines Safe distance from docks and ramps, stairway, fire aisle & equipment No on-the-go directional changes (IC trucks) Operating surfaces must support truck and load Slide 26 Speed vs. Reaction Reaction Time 18-21 years = second 21- over = 1.5 second Speed 8.7 mph Equals 13 feet per second Slide 27 Pedestrian Traffic Pedestrians have right of way When approaching corners, intersections: When passing pedestrians Slide 28 Operating the Forklift Using the Pedal Slide 29 Operating Forklift Steering/Turning/Changing Directions Hazards: Tip over : Collision : Struck-by/Crushing Injuries : Load falls Slide 30 Operating a Forklift Parking Slide 31 Operating the Forklift Slide 32 Attachments Slide 33 Tipovers IN CASE OF A TIPOVER Slide 34 Understanding the Workplace Slide 35 Training All operators must be certified by the following Retraining Certification includes