Ford Focus 1 l EcoBoost Presentation

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A quick overview about the technical features of the new 1l EcoBoost engine.

Transcript of Ford Focus 1 l EcoBoost Presentation

  • 1 WELCOMEFORD POWER DRIVE : NICE TO GENEVA #fordpowerdrive
  • 2Why are we here? The Ford Focus The 1.0-litre EcoBoost Engine An amazing new engine in a great, technologically advanced family car Fuel efficiency without compromise on power Driving is believing and fun!
  • 3The Route 3. LAUSANNE Hotel Alpha- Palmiers 2. LUNCH La Maison de Bonthoux 1. START Hotel Le Mas de Pierre
  • 4New 1.0 litre Ecoboost Powertrain Andrew D.J. Fraser Manager, Gasoline PT Development March 4th 2012
  • 5Introduction Ecoboost is a new generation of Ford petrol engines, which deliver outstanding fuel economy, together with great fun to drive and refinement in line with the Ford brand DNA. Ecoboost offers customers a genuine alternative between conventional naturally aspirated petrol engines, and very efficient, but increasingly complex and expensive Diesels. The new 1.0l engine is the fourth in the Ecoboost series, which started with the 3.5 V6, launched in North America in 2009, continued with the 2.0 and 1.6 in 2010, and extends further with the 1.0 launch in 2012.
  • 6Ecoboost Engine Families 600 3.5 V6 500 400 Torque [Nm] 2.0 I4 300 1.6 I4 200 1.0 I3 100 0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Power [kW]
  • 7Ecoboost Family Philosophy All Ecoboost engines feature significant downsizing vs. naturally aspirated derivatives, as a means to enhance fuel economy. Downsizing offers numerous advantages: Lower mass: better performance, reduced real world consumption, improved dynamics, smaller tyres, less energy consumed by PAS. Less cylinders: lower cost, keeps technology accessible for consumer Reduced friction: fewer cylinders, bearings, less lubrication Significantly better warmup for both good fuel economy and rapid cabin heating. Key engineering challenge is to maintain, or enhance, performance and refinement, while delivering the fuel economy advantages of downsizing, as customers have shown that they are reluctant to compromise.
  • 8European Diesel share vs. performance. Diesel sales growth driven by performance gains, not FE advantage. 60 380 50 330 Peak Torque [Nm] Diesel Share [%] 40 280 30 230 20 180 10 130 Diesel share (%) Peak Torque [Nm] 0 80 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 Year
  • 9Customer Performance Expectations Traditional petrol engine customers enjoy smooth, free-revving nature and peak power figure high in RPM range. Diesel customers like high peak torque from low RPM, and relaxed cruising. Ecoboost engines offer both of these attributes, and careful matching to the vehicle by means of gearing, means that Ecoboost engines appeal to wide variety of customers, driving style and environments.
  • 10Engine Torque Comparison Engine Torque Output 300 1.6 T/C Diesel 1.6 Petrol 250 1.0L Ecoboost Engine Torque [Nm] 200 150 100 50 0 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 Engine Speed [rpm]
  • 111.0L Ecoboost Performance 6th Gear Torque at Wheels - Top Gear Flexibility 1.0L Ecoboost has 700 more torque at wheels than 1.6 Diesel up to 80 KPH600 500 Wheel Torque [Nm] 400 300 1.6 T/C Diesel 1.6 Petrol 200 1.0L Ecoboost 100 0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 160.0 180.0 200.0 220.0 240.0 260.0 280.0 Vehicle Speed [kph]
  • 12Ecoboost Technology Ecoboost engines feature three key enabling technologies: Turbocharging allows much greater torque & power from smaller engine Direct injection improves combustion efficiency Variable camshaft timing increases bottom end torque, mid range efficiency and peak power capability.
  • 13 Ecoboost: Three Key Elements Working as a System Turbocharging - 50% engine size reduction for same power - Proven, reliable, cost effective technology - Matched for low speed responseDirect Injection Twin VCT- Charge cooling for improved efficiency - Scavenging for low RPM response- Higher knock limit/more torque at low RPM - Improved efficiency and stability at part load- Enables scavenging action - Higher peak output
  • 14Ecoboost Technology - Turbocharging Ecoboost focus is on responsiveness and low speed torque rather than very high peak power figures. Torque at 1500 RPM, and time for torque to increase to maximum output are key metrics. Achieved by utilising very small, low inertia turbochargers, capable of running at very high speeds, up to 248,000 RPM on 1.0L Low inertia turbos greatly reduce lag in response when throttle is opened from low RPM, a traditional problem with turbocharged engines
  • 15Ecoboost Technology Direct Injection Fuel is injected directly into combustion chamber via high pressure solenoid injectors, with 6 holes giving precise fuel targeting and mixing. High injection pressures (up to 150 Bar) give excellent atomisation and mixing. Multiple injections per stroke are used at some operating points to optimise fuel economy, emissions and stability Evaporation of fuel in cylinder cools mixture before combustion, reducing tendency to knock. Allows higher Compression Ratio than normal for turbo engines, improving part-load fuel efficiency. Eliminates transfer of fuel mixture from inlet to exhaust during valve overlap, improving fuel consumption and reducing exhaust emissions.
  • 16Ecoboost Technology Variable Cam Timing Variable cam timing on both intake and exhaust allows great flexibility to optimise engine efficiency under all conditions, e.g. Moderate overlap at full load to improve breathing and output with reduced boost level Low overlap at idle for stability Late exhaust valve opening at part load for fuel efficiency Greatest benefit is for low speed torque and responsiveness, where valve overlap can be increased to allow scavenging effect.
  • 17Scavenging Effect At low speed & high load, Intake Manifold Pressure > Exhaust Backduring the valve overlap period, Pressure (due to boost)it is possible for the intakemanifold pressure to exceed theinstantaneous exhaust backpressure due to turbo-charging. Under these circumstances,scavenged air will flow directlyfrom the intake into the exhaust. Scavenging flushes residualgases from cylinder, increasingmass of following charge, andcooling gas to reduce tendencyto knock. It also increasesturbo mass flow, helping spool-up turbo.
  • 18Ecoboost Low RPM Torque Benefit Scavenging Torque Enhancement 1.0l Ecoboost 180 170 40Nm benefit at 1400RPM 160 30Nm benefit at 1250RPM 150 140 Torque/ Nm 130 Zero scavenging, stoichiometric 120 exhaust AFR 110 Steady state scavenging,